Definition of trachoma in US English:



  • A contagious bacterial infection of the eye in which there is inflamed granulation on the inner surface of the lids.

    The disease is caused by the chlamydial organism Chlamydia trachomatis

    • ‘In addition, diarrhoea and diseases such as scabies, conjunctivitis, and trachoma are associated with poor hygiene and result from a breakdown in sanitation if water resources become depleted.’
    • ‘The biggest health problems are tuberculosis, venereal diseases, malaria, trachoma, typhoid fever, and dysentery.’
    • ‘In Gambia the prevalence of the chlamydial disease trachoma in villages with frequent spraying to reduce flies is significantly lower than in villages without spraying.’
    • ‘Other diseases include hepatitis, trachoma, and tuberculosis.’
    • ‘I saw the Chlamydial eye disease trachoma in the poor of Glasgow and lymphogranuloma in soldiers from a military hospital STD clinic in 1940 before the cause was known.’


Late 17th century: from Greek trakhōma ‘roughness’, from trakhus ‘rough’.