Definition of tourniquet in US English:



  • A device for stopping the flow of blood through a vein or artery, typically by compressing a limb with a cord or tight bandage.

    • ‘Do not use a tourniquet (to cut off circulation to the affected limb) or try to cut or suck the venom from the wound.’
    • ‘Simultaneous surgeries requiring tourniquets or short time periods between tourniquet release can increase complications and allow the release of larger amounts of fat emboli into the circulation.’
    • ‘The doctor uses a hand or a tourniquet to temporarily block off the blood flow in the veins.’
    • ‘A perioperative success is freedom from a tourniquet injury, not just the task of applying the tourniquet.’
    • ‘For example, at St Francis Medical Center, safe use of tourniquets is included in the orthopedic orientation.’
    • ‘The circulating nurse deflates the tourniquet after the elastic bandage is in place.’
    • ‘Frequently he would return to the ward at night to check a plaster or that a tourniquet had not been left in situ inadvertently.’
    • ‘An alert Sailor called for someone to summon the corpsman and then he dropped to the deck to close off the blood loss by use of a tourniquet.’
    • ‘The surgeon may encircle vessels with umbilical tapes and tourniquets to control blood flow later in the procedure.’
    • ‘Drain blood from the finger and apply a tourniquet using a rubber band or a small Penrose drain at the base of the affected digit.’
    • ‘Sailors tore T-shirts to create bandages and tourniquets; they improvised and did whatever was needed.’
    • ‘Nurse Friendly checks the tourniquet; finds the pressure is low and adjusts it to the correct pressure.’
    • ‘Staff members who needed to draw Mr L's blood were instructed to use glass syringes, latex-free gloves, and blood pressure cuffs wrapped in gauze rather than tourniquets.’
    • ‘In the past, physicians attempted to relieve the symptoms of congestive heart failure by using rotating tourniquets and diuretics.’
    • ‘This does not preclude the operating physician's applying the tourniquet as he or she wishes.’
    • ‘Many surgeons use a tourniquet (a tight band) around the thigh, which reduces blood flow around the knee.’
    • ‘These recommended practices provide guidelines for use of pneumatic tourniquets, which primarily are used to occlude blood flow and obtain a near bloodless field for extremity surgery.’
    • ‘For limb wounds, a pneumatic tourniquet should be used if possible to reduce blood loss.’
    • ‘This model has been used for a broad range of medical products, from highly developed diagnostic and patient-monitoring systems to high-tech bandages and one-handed tourniquets.’
    • ‘She winced as she pulled the tourniquet tight but knew it was better than losing consciousness due to loss of blood.’
    dressing, covering, gauze, lint, compress, plaster, ligature, swathe, strap, sling
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Late 17th century: from French, probably from Old French tournicle ‘coat of mail’, influenced by tourner ‘to turn’.