Definition of tourniquet in US English:



  • A device for stopping the flow of blood through a vein or artery, typically by compressing a limb with a cord or tight bandage.

    • ‘Drain blood from the finger and apply a tourniquet using a rubber band or a small Penrose drain at the base of the affected digit.’
    • ‘For example, at St Francis Medical Center, safe use of tourniquets is included in the orthopedic orientation.’
    • ‘The circulating nurse deflates the tourniquet after the elastic bandage is in place.’
    • ‘Many surgeons use a tourniquet (a tight band) around the thigh, which reduces blood flow around the knee.’
    • ‘A perioperative success is freedom from a tourniquet injury, not just the task of applying the tourniquet.’
    • ‘Simultaneous surgeries requiring tourniquets or short time periods between tourniquet release can increase complications and allow the release of larger amounts of fat emboli into the circulation.’
    • ‘The doctor uses a hand or a tourniquet to temporarily block off the blood flow in the veins.’
    • ‘This does not preclude the operating physician's applying the tourniquet as he or she wishes.’
    • ‘Frequently he would return to the ward at night to check a plaster or that a tourniquet had not been left in situ inadvertently.’
    • ‘An alert Sailor called for someone to summon the corpsman and then he dropped to the deck to close off the blood loss by use of a tourniquet.’
    • ‘Nurse Friendly checks the tourniquet; finds the pressure is low and adjusts it to the correct pressure.’
    • ‘This model has been used for a broad range of medical products, from highly developed diagnostic and patient-monitoring systems to high-tech bandages and one-handed tourniquets.’
    • ‘The surgeon may encircle vessels with umbilical tapes and tourniquets to control blood flow later in the procedure.’
    • ‘For limb wounds, a pneumatic tourniquet should be used if possible to reduce blood loss.’
    • ‘Do not use a tourniquet (to cut off circulation to the affected limb) or try to cut or suck the venom from the wound.’
    • ‘Staff members who needed to draw Mr L's blood were instructed to use glass syringes, latex-free gloves, and blood pressure cuffs wrapped in gauze rather than tourniquets.’
    • ‘She winced as she pulled the tourniquet tight but knew it was better than losing consciousness due to loss of blood.’
    • ‘In the past, physicians attempted to relieve the symptoms of congestive heart failure by using rotating tourniquets and diuretics.’
    • ‘Sailors tore T-shirts to create bandages and tourniquets; they improvised and did whatever was needed.’
    • ‘These recommended practices provide guidelines for use of pneumatic tourniquets, which primarily are used to occlude blood flow and obtain a near bloodless field for extremity surgery.’
    dressing, covering, gauze, lint, compress, plaster, ligature, swathe, strap, sling
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Late 17th century: from French, probably from Old French tournicle ‘coat of mail’, influenced by tourner ‘to turn’.