One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A large ductless gland in the neck which secretes hormones regulating growth and development through the rate of metabolism.
- ‘In men, serum thyroid hormones were sensitive to marginal changes in energy intake and expenditure.’
- ‘There are safe treatments for thyroid disorders during pregnancy.’
- ‘The operative field for the thyroid gland is bound by the gland, its capsule, trachea and muscles.’
- ‘In thyroiditis, there is inflammation of the thyroid gland from either infection or autoimmune attack.’
- ‘Here he was given clinical facilities to continue his researches into the thyroid gland and to practise surgery of the endocrine glands.’
- ‘Interestingly, Panax ginseng is also prescribed for low thyroid conditions.’
- ‘In most cases the whole thyroid gland will need to be removed (total thyroidectomy).’
- ‘There are usually four to five parathyroids attached to the lateral lobes of the thyroid gland.’
- ‘Being female - women are 10 times more likely to develop an overactive thyroid than men.’
- ‘The publication of a reliable and practical assay for thyroid stimulating hormone was a landmark.’
- ‘This happens because the thyroid gland is not functioning properly.’
- ‘This can disrupt the work of the thyroid gland, which regulates how our bodies burn calories.’
- ‘Your doctor will take a tissue sample from your thyroid gland and examine it under a microscope to see if it is cancerous.’
- ‘When your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine, you develop hyperthyroidism.’
- ‘The commonest cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis).’
- ‘In addition to palpation of the thyroid gland, a thorough examination of the lymph glands in the head and neck should be performed.’
- ‘However, this patient unfortunately died shortly after transformation of this papillary thyroid carcinoma.’
- ‘That observation suggests a third active substance is secreted by the thyroid gland.’
- ‘Thyroid medicine can replace the hormone your thyroid gland usually makes.’
- ‘EDITOR O'Reilly suggests that the role of thyroid function tests should be reassessed.’
- 1.1 An extract prepared from the thyroid gland of animals and used in treating deficiency of thyroid hormones.
- ‘Other people tell us that they feel better on Armour thyroid.’
- ‘Some patients may take thyroid preparations to achieve weight loss.’
- ‘My family physician put me on Armour thyroid, and it worked like a charm.’
- ‘A month later, after he started taking thyroid extract, the life of the patient had been transformed.’
- ‘Any patient with suspected myxedema coma should be treated presumptively with thyroid hormone.’
- ‘He was horrified that I had been taking dried animal thyroid and put me on Synthroid.’
- ‘Most patients take the entire daily dose of desiccated thyroid in the morning.’
2A large cartilage of the larynx, a projection of which forms the Adam's apple in humans.
- ‘The corpsman then palpated the thyroid cartilage and found the ‘Adam's apple’ or laryngeal prominence.’
- ‘The hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, and cricoid cartilages are located within the central portion of the neck.’
- ‘It may be long, terminating below the level of the thyroid cartilage, or short, terminating at the level of the hyoid bone.’
- ‘This procedure is occasionally coupled with suspension of the thyroid cartilage, which is performed to improve laryngeal elevation.’
- ‘The epiglottis is a flap-like cartilage connected to the thyroid cartilage.’
- ‘The thyroid cartilage is gently mobilized by manual distraction to either side.’
- ‘The thyroid cartilage may articulate with the hyoid bone.’
- ‘A sizable number of participants in this study applied pressure to the thyroid cartilage rather than the cricoid cartilage.’
Early 18th century (as an adjective): from Greek (khondros) thureoeidēs ‘shield-shaped (cartilage)’, from thureos ‘oblong shield’.
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