Definition of Thermidor in US English:



  • 1The eleventh month of the French Republican calendar (1793–1805), originally running from July 19 to August 17.

    • ‘After the 9th of Thermidor, he was one of the few who did not turn his back on the years of the Terror.’
    • ‘With the 9th of Thermidor, the machinery of the Jacobin republic was dismantled.’
    • ‘On the ‘ninth and tenth Thermidor of the sixth year of the First French Republic’ - 27-28 July, 1798 that is - the first fruits of Napoleon's plunder from Italy reached Paris.’
    • ‘After aiding the Jacobins in their quest for a republican democracy, they were told to go home following the death of Robespierre on the Ninth of Thermidor.’
    • ‘A friend of Robespierre's brother, he was arrested following the coup d’état of 9 Thermidor and imprisoned for a time.’
    • ‘Ironically, perhaps, the last collective act of the clubs was to celebrate the anniversary of 9-10 Thermidor.’
    1. 1.1 A reaction of moderates following a revolution, such as that which occurred in Paris on 9 Thermidor (July 27) 1794 and resulted in the fall of Robespierre.


French, from Greek thermē ‘heat’ + dōron ‘gift’.