Electrical fluctuations arising from the random thermal motion of electrons.
- ‘As examples of randomness, Wolfram mentions Brownian motion and electronic circuit randomizers that amplify thermal noise.’
- ‘This is entirely positive, as it corrects errors in general, not just those caused by thermal noise.’
- ‘Placing the cryocooler this close to the terminals reduces the destructive thermal noise present in every receiver.’
- ‘The process started with choosing a material that helps reduce one of the major sources of interference in an interferometer: thermal noise.’
- ‘There are plans to build a 3-kilometer detector later, which might use mirrors cooled to near absolute zero to reduce thermal noise to a whisper.’
- ‘To obtain further evidence for if and when molecular crowding can cause the emergence of subdiffusion, we used computer simulations of spherical soft-core molecules subject to thermal noise and excluded volume effects.’
- ‘Early on he recognized that thermal noise - the incessant jostling of a bar's very atoms - would produce major interference.’
- ‘The key to the experiment will be minimising such thermal noise and then seeing if the results change when parameters such as the size of the crystal are varied slightly.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.