Any of a group of monosaccharide sugars whose molecules contain four carbon atoms.
- ‘Pentoses and tetroses are synthesized from 5-and 4-carbon backbone moieties formed by removing carbon from the 6-carbon arene moiety.’
- ‘Depending on number of carbons, monosaccharides are called trioses, tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses etc.’
- ‘Chemically synthesized tetrose was produced by the Department of Organic Chemistry in Beijing Medical University.’
- ‘The spontaneous decomposition of Amadori compounds to more reactive sugars in vivo, including tetroses, pentoses, and 3-deoxyglucosone, provides a mechanism for generating reactive intermediates under physiological conditions and for propagating damage to protein as a result of glycation of proteins by glucose in vivo.’
- ‘It is envisaged that either enolate or electrophilic components of the reaction may incorporate nitrogen bearing substituents, allowing for the stereoselective introduction of N - at any position along the carbon backbone chain, giving rise sequentially to amino tetroses and hexoses.’