Main definitions of tense in English

: tense1tense2

tense1

adjective

  • 1(especially of a muscle or someone's body) stretched tight or rigid.

    ‘she tried to relax her tense muscles’
    • ‘She tried to stand up, but her already tense muscles had stiffened considerably during the flight.’
    • ‘All of his tense muscles were growing stiff and sore.’
    • ‘The man did not extend his hand, but his tense posture relaxed noticeably.’
    • ‘She'd taken a long, hot shower and even that had failed to relax her tense muscles.’
    • ‘She slid behind him and began to massage the tense muscles in his shoulders.’
    • ‘His fingers kneaded the tense muscles of her shoulders but it did very little to relax her.’
    • ‘She sighed and stretched her tense muscles.’
    • ‘He relaxed his tense finger that had been curled around the trigger.’
    • ‘This move relaxes tense muscles all along your spine.’
    • ‘Over time, an individual will learn to recognize the feelings connected with tense muscles.’
    • ‘He was not feverish, but his muscles were tense.’
    • ‘I breathed out deeply and tried to relax my tense muscles.’
    • ‘She was exhausted and she needed a hot, steaming shower to loosen her tense muscles.’
    • ‘The warm water felt so very good on his tense muscles.’
    • ‘Her muscles were tense and a cold sweat was breaking out on her forehead.’
    • ‘She put her hands on his back and rubbed the tense muscles soothingly.’
    • ‘She ran her hands along Elisa's shoulders, smoothing her tense muscles.’
    • ‘Learning to breathe more fully can help you let go of pain and loosen tense muscles.’
    • ‘Aerobic exercise helps to loosen tense muscles.’
    • ‘My muscles were tense from the unusual exertion, and my body was still exhausted.’
    taut, stretched tight, tight, rigid, stretched, strained, stiff
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a person) unable to relax because of nervousness, anxiety, or stimulation.
      ‘he was tense with excitement’
      • ‘The slow, fluid movements help tense, stressed people relax.’
      • ‘The man in the guitar shop was very tense, somewhat agitated.’
      • ‘I'm just too tense an individual to really relax first before writing.’
      • ‘His body had relaxed a bit, but his voice was tense and apprehensive.’
      • ‘I relaxed myself after being tense for a few minutes.’
      • ‘Whereas she's relatively calm and relaxed, he's tense and anxious.’
      • ‘Children who are feeling anxiety may be tense or get upset easily.’
      • ‘He decided a refreshing dip would relax his tense nerves.’
      • ‘Everybody coming to this department is very tense and nervous because they are awaiting results.’
      • ‘I really need to sleep and I'm too tense to relax.’
      • ‘At first he was tense and then he relaxed.’
      • ‘He was still tense and agitated, and the view did nothing to calm him down.’
      • ‘He was as calm as ever but there was a tense anxiety in his eyes.’
      • ‘Tariq is not socially relaxed; he feels tense.’
      • ‘We all waited in tense excitement.’
      • ‘Feeling more and more tense and unable to sleep, he was prescribed drugs.’
      • ‘At first she was tense, but she relaxed slightly when he put his arm around her.’
      • ‘I feel very tense and nervous when I try to initiate a conversation’
      • ‘There was a big crowd now, and Celinda was already tense with excitement.’
      • ‘When I was younger, of course I was more tense and nervous.’
    2. 1.2 (of a situation, event, etc.) causing or showing anxiety and nervousness.
      ‘relations between the two neighboring states had been tense in recent years’
      • ‘Last night there was a tense silence between them during dinner.’
      • ‘In these tense hours emotions, tempers, and fears are running high.’
      • ‘The silence was an intangible tense feeling in the air.’
      • ‘A tense, uneasy silence fell over the room again.’
      • ‘At that very second the atmosphere was tense but electric.’
      • ‘It's a superb film that's tense and riveting.’
      • ‘It occurred to me that what he did for a living was relax people in tense situations.’
      • ‘Nobody said anything for a while, creating an uneasy and tense silence.’
      • ‘He has created a fresh, tense and gripping thriller.’
      • ‘She had a tense encounter with a small but vocal group of protesters.’
      • ‘Another voice rang out, startlingly loud in the tense stillness.’
      • ‘He was suddenly uneasy in the tense silence.’
      • ‘The atmosphere is tense and edgy, and the political slogans on the posters read like threats.’
      • ‘As soon as she left, an awkward and tense silence settled over the room.’
      • ‘Before and after the tense match, bricks and bottles were lobbed through the air.’
      • ‘The province was increasingly tense in recent weeks.’
      • ‘The first few weeks were a tense whirlwind of emotion.’
      • ‘There were a few tense moments of silence before she answered.’
      • ‘In an exciting and very tense second half, the teams were locked together on three occasions.’
      • ‘A tense, uncomfortable silence lay heavy upon them.’
      anxious, nervous, on edge, edgy, strained, stressed, under a strain, under pressure, agitated, ill at ease, unrelaxed, in a state of nerves, in a state of agitation, fretful, uneasy, restless, worked up, keyed up, overwrought, highly strung, wrought up, strung out, jumpy, on tenterhooks, on pins and needles, with one's stomach in knots, fidgety, worried, apprehensive, upset, disturbed, panicky
      nerve-racking, stressful, anxious, worrying, concerning, fraught, charged, strained, nail-biting, worrisome, difficult, uneasy, uncomfortable
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Phonetics (of a speech sound, especially a vowel) pronounced with the vocal muscles stretched tight.
      The opposite of lax
      • ‘Tense vowels tend to be peripheral and lax vowels closer to schwa, the neutral or central vowel.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Become tense, typically through anxiety or nervousness.

    ‘her body tensed up’
    • ‘He tensed up when he saw her.’
    • ‘I tensed up at the idea that I wouldn't make it in time to see Josh one last time.’
    • ‘He tensed up again as he was confronted by the cold glares of his wife.’
    • ‘He tensed up for a single second, and then relaxed, all his worries and pain leaving him.’
    • ‘She had tensed up for a second, not sure what to do.’
    • ‘The film that creates such an atmosphere of despair that I begin to tense up and get nervous.’
    • ‘I tensed up and squeezed her hand harder.’
    • ‘She tensed up as people stared and laughed.’
    • ‘In the most recent retreat I attended, I became tensed up inside from trying to relax.’
    • ‘I tensed up a little but he gave me a reassuring pat on the back.’
    • ‘He used to get quite tensed up and panicky about things, but that is all in the past now.’
    • ‘Star tensed up in fear.’
    • ‘They are so tensed up, they become near nervous wrecks.’
    • ‘I tensed up, pleading silently that no one was going to break out in a fight again.’
    • ‘He tensed up again when he heard a man scream.’
    • ‘If you get too tensed up and let it get to you, that's counter-productive.’
    • ‘Everyone tensed up when they heard the loud growls coming from the creatures.’
    • ‘He tensed up as he heard weapons fire coming from the area to his right.’
    • ‘I tensed up and became afraid.’
    • ‘He immediately tensed up at the question.’
    1. 1.1with object Make (a muscle or one's body) tight or rigid.
      ‘carefully stretch and then tense your muscles’
      • ‘She wrung her hands nervously behind her back, shoulders tensing and untensing.’
      • ‘Panic sufferers usually tense their bodies and breathe in a way that increases symptoms.’
      • ‘You have to be able to tense your body and keep the defender from getting around you.’
      • ‘Every muscle in her body was tensed for the coming action.’
      • ‘Tense each body part for a moment and then relax it.’
      • ‘He felt her tense and then relax back against him.’
      • ‘I try to tense my entire body when I'm training, no matter what body part I'm working.’
      • ‘My hands tensed up into fists.’
      • ‘My muscles were tensed and locked; every second longer in that position felt like a year.’
      • ‘I must have tensed my body at the wrong time; my ribs were in agony.’
      • ‘Many people carry stress by tensing their muscles.’
      • ‘You always have some worry going through your mind, your muscles are always tensed.’
      • ‘In order to widen your eyes, you must tense certain muscles in your face.’
      • ‘Being under stress causes you to tense your muscles, and this can make you more prone to injury.’
      • ‘Start to tense the muscles and then completely relax them.’
      • ‘I could see the muscles of his arms tensing every now and then.’
      • ‘To exercise the muscles, tense them tightly for as long as you can, then relax them to their normal position.’
      • ‘When we are stressed our body responds by tensing the muscles.’
      • ‘Shallow breathing often results from tensing your upper body.’
      • ‘She watched his hand move over the gun and her body tensed up.’
      tighten, tauten, tense up, flex, contract, brace, stiffen
      View synonyms

Origin

Late 17th century: from Latin tensus ‘stretched’, from the verb tendere.

Pronunciation

tense

/tɛns//tens/

Main definitions of tense in English

: tense1tense2

tense2

noun

Grammar
  • A set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time (and sometimes also the continuance or completeness) of the action in relation to the time of the utterance.

    ‘the past tense’
    • ‘But just because we can decode his meaning in spite of his mixing of tenses (past tense and future brutally slammed together), doesn't make it a good practice.’
    • ‘As the network learned, it began to generate ‘digged’ for ‘dug,’ regular past tenses of irregular verbs.’
    • ‘The tenses switch from past to present and back again and there is a dramatic use of dialogue.’
    • ‘When my brain was filled with verb tenses, right triangles and pulmonary veins, there was no room for personal thoughts.’
    • ‘At the moment I am trying to master 5 different tenses of verbs and also adverbs, pronouns and other vocabulary.’

Origin

Middle English (in the general sense ‘time’): from Old French tens, from Latin tempus ‘time’.

Pronunciation

tense

/tɛns//tens/