Definition of tarsal in English:

tarsal

adjective

Zoology Anatomy
  • Relating to the tarsus.

    ‘the tarsal claws of beetles’
    • ‘In the most severe cases, the distal tips of the maxillary and labial palps are transformed to tarsal claws.’
    • ‘The ectopic leg has several segments and terminates in a set of tarsal claws.’
    • ‘Since the joint capsules and ligaments play a crucial role in the kinematics of the tarsal joints, they cannot be stripped away with impunity.’
    • ‘The lateral terminal branch of the deep peroneal nerve sends fibers to the extensor digitorum brevis muscle and articular twigs to the tarsal joints.’
    • ‘These areas include the plantar fascia, ankle joint, tarsal tunnel, interdigital space, and first metatarsophalangeal joint.’

noun

Anatomy Zoology
  • A bone of the tarsus.

    • ‘The preserved tarsal bones include the astragalus, calcaneum, and fourth and questionable fifth distal tarsals.’
    • ‘The postcranial skeleton, and especially the vertebrae, carpals and tarsals, were very slow to ossify.’
    • ‘Lungs are well developed, teeth are blade-like, carpal and tarsals ossified in adults, and the diploid number is 28.’
    • ‘The tarsals of giraffes consist of only four bones: calcaneum, astragulus, fused navicular and cuboid, fused cuneiforms.’
    • ‘We digitized the pelvis, femur, tibia, fibula, astragalus, calcaneum, distal tarsals, and metatarsals II-IV.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from tarsus + -al.

Pronunciation:

tarsal

/ˈtärsəl/