Definition of tamarin in US English:

tamarin

noun

  • A small forest-dwelling South American monkey of the marmoset family, typically brightly colored and with tufts and crests of hair around the face and neck.

    Genera Saguinus and Leontopithecus, family Callitrichidae (or Callithricidae): several species

    • ‘Trichromat tamarins, as it turned out, were 50 percent more adept at choosing the ripe fruit than their dichromat fellows.’
    • ‘Interestingly, marmoset and tamarin babies also babble.’
    • ‘Threatened by habitat loss due to urban growth, agriculture, and cattle grazing, the pied tamarin also moves from Endangered to Critically Endangered.’
    • ‘Eleven of the tamarins and 14 marmosets had pregnant mates.’
    • ‘In marmosets and tamarins - the little South American monkeys that are, besides us, the only full-fledged cooperative breeders among primates - a female has to be ready to be a helper this year and a mother the next.’
    • ‘My field work has involved observations of the dietary behavior of various species of howler monkeys, spider monkeys, capuchins and tamarins as well as woolly spider monkeys.’
    • ‘The tamarin is the first primate bred in captivity with the goal of reintroducing it into the wild.’
    • ‘For example, tamarins and marmosets, both New World monkeys, suffer high mortality in their early years; sensibly, then, they reach sexual maturity and begin reproducing at an early age.’
    • ‘Human cold sores, he said, can kill smaller monkeys like marmosets and tamarins.’
    • ‘The phylogeny of the eight monkeys is relatively well established, except for the interrelationships of the owl monkey, squirrel monkey, and tamarin.’
    • ‘Among tamarins and spider monkeys, all males are dichromats - they can't perceive reds or greens.’
    • ‘Only five percent of mammals are thought to be socially monogamous, including gibbons, jackals, and tamarins.’
    • ‘Other endangered primates now include lemurs in Madagascar, tamarins in Brazil, langurs in Vietnam, orang-utans in Sumatra, and gorillas and a variety of monkeys in Africa.’
    • ‘An entire family works to care for new tamarins; in wild and captive monkeys, a group of five appears to be the ideal number of caretakers needed for healthy young.’
    • ‘The tamarins were fairly cooperative but still showed a healthy amount of self-interest: over repeated encounters with fellow monkeys, the typical tamarin pulled the lever about 40 percent of the time.’
    • ‘The scientists behind this study had previously attempted to discover if a monkey could learn to be altruistic by putting two tamarins in opposite cages and letting them figure out that they could only be fed if the other one pulled a lever.’
    • ‘They are only the third mammal type, after human beings and tamarin monkeys, to have been shown to possess this ability.’
    • ‘The Wildlife Trust also works with black lion tamarins, but its work concentrates on improving and connecting isolated pockets of tamarin habitat in Brazil.’
    • ‘In contrast, most New World primates, such as the tamarins and marmosets of South America, are dichromatic, having just blue-sensitive and green-sensitive opsins.’
    • ‘The birth marks the halfway point in the race to reach the target population of 2,000 tamarins on more than 60,000 protected acres by 2025.’

Origin

Late 18th century: from French, from Galibi.

Pronunciation

tamarin

/ˈtæm(ə)rən//ˈtam(ə)rən/