Definition of synthesize in English:


(also synthetize)


  • 1 Make (something) by synthesis, especially chemically.

    ‘man synthesizes new chemical poisons and sprays the countryside wholesale’
    • ‘Because humans cannot synthesize this compound, it is a dietary requirement.’
    • ‘These processes are of fundamental significance for controlling chemical reactions and synthesising new materials.’
    • ‘The light energy is used to split apart carbon dioxide and synthesize the carbon-based molecules of life.’
    • ‘Once completed, each half of the DNA ladder can form a new DNA molecule with the identical genetic code because of specific chemical catalysts that help synthesize the complementary strand.’
    • ‘When the resting cells are stimulated, they begin multiplying again, synthesizing RNA and protein.’
    • ‘He first synthesized caffeine from basic raw materials in 1895.’
    • ‘The problem in the United States is that law enforcement tends to monitor the purchase of the precursor chemicals required to synthesize ecstasy.’
    • ‘The great majority of organic pesticides are synthesized by chemists.’
    • ‘Many different fungi, bacteria, and plants synthesize these molecules.’
    • ‘From the 100 or so chemical elements it is possible to synthesize the millions of compounds that are studied by chemists.’
    • ‘The plant kingdom is by far the most efficient producer of chemical compounds, synthesising many products that are used in defence against herbivore attack.’
    • ‘Medicinal chemists traditionally synthesised a handful of different molecules, submitted them for test in appropriate biological assays, and then waited for the results.’
    • ‘Perhaps the most promising approach is to process used plastic to recover resources in the form of oils and monomers that could be reused to synthesize new plastics.’
    • ‘In 1907, he synthesized a pair of geometric isomers that confirmed his predictions.’
    • ‘The products sold for this purpose typically contain ephedrine that is chemically synthesized.’
    • ‘The researchers believe the protein can be synthesized chemically as a drug for humans.’
    • ‘The candidate vaccine is synthesized using modified, inactivated genes from Ebola virus.’
    • ‘They are also synthesized during some developmental processes such as pollen or seed maturation.’
    • ‘Reduction reactions are also used by chemists to synthesize pharmaceuticals, textiles, dyes, paints, and a multitude of other important products.’
    • ‘Again, if you know the full structure you can synthesize the molecule chemically and you can synthesize variations, which may be of use in different directions.’
    1. 1.1 Combine (a number of things) into a coherent whole.
      ‘pupils should synthesize the data they have gathered’
      ‘Darwinian theory has been synthesized with modern genetics’
      • ‘The scope of the book is impressive, and his accomplishment is that he has synthesized such a wealth of information into a coherent narrative.’
      • ‘Intelligence production also involves an integration function in which the analyst attempts to form a pattern by selecting, synthesizing, and combining evaluated information and previously developed intelligence.’
      • ‘In this way, a project arose that sought to combine and synthesize both advanced Western democratic and ancient tribal values.’
      • ‘The idea was to synthesise the avant-garde cubist vision of modernity with the high forms of opera and ballet that still dominated French bourgeois taste.’
      • ‘The philosophy of intrinsic exercise is my own, but it is based on years of scientific research that I have synthesized to create a whole new way of thinking about fitness.’
      • ‘I argue that this period of tension will end as the Roman one did - with the advent of a new religion that will synthesize the best features of our current religions into a whole greater than the sum of its parts.’
      • ‘By combining, synthesizing, and reinterpreting research from many different disciplines and paradigms, he has supplied a rich source of variation.’
      • ‘Whether a question implies the need for a specific or a broad systematic review, a mountain of evidence remains to be synthesised before it will become clear just which questions can be answered using existing research evidence.’
      • ‘In a recent review, we identified a mechanistic approach to studying coloniality which synthesizes two new hypotheses.’
      • ‘The other benefit comes when the decision maker synthesizes conflicting opinions or merely listens while experts argue among themselves.’
      • ‘Even then, the relative strengths and weaknesses of all of this (often conflicting) information has to be synthesised into a coherent whole.’
      • ‘These dual qualities gave me occasion to explore my growing interest in synthesizing Traditional and Modern design, adding to the appeal of the project on a personal level.’
      • ‘Their superiors expected them neither to analyze information nor to synthesize and explain raw data.’
      • ‘It was in these genre figures that he synthesized the classical and the contemporary in a way that now looks original.’
      • ‘He picks up the more significant themes as he goes from crisis to crisis, synthesizes the already existing theories, and offers insights based on his own deep study of the country and its people.’
      • ‘It should also be a valuable training aid for doctoral students because it will allow them to see how a prominent organizational scholar synthesizes and interprets the diverse research that makes up organizational studies.’
      • ‘Richard's own work synthesizes and elaborates upon this eclectic mix of aesthetics, philosophy, and area studies.’
      • ‘This is a fascinating read that synthesizes current and historical research of soils and soil organisms, introducing the reader to an entirely new world.’
      amalgamate, merge, unite, integrate, incorporate, fuse, blend, meld, mingle, coalesce, compound, alloy, homogenize, synthesize, consolidate, bind, bond, join, marry, put together, unify, pool, intermingle, mix, intermix, affiliate
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    2. 1.2 Produce (sound) electronically.
      ‘trigger chips that synthesize speech’
      ‘synthesized chords’
      • ‘Breezy guitars drift over synthesized, sugar-coated melodies - the sound of summer afternoons circa 1986.’
      • ‘In all cases, these MIDI features make it possible to interact directly with a computer and to control synthesized sounds as you play.’
      • ‘Once the phonemes have been assembled and synthesized, they can be used to produce speech output.’
      • ‘As a result, the synthesized speech signal sounds brighter without having introduced significant coding noise.’
      • ‘Quite obviously, the first thing was the sound: it was bigger, stronger and sounded less tinny and synthesized.’
      • ‘Although synthesized speech sounds nearly human, there is an element of everyday speech that automated methods lack.’
      • ‘Earthy rock chords sit opposite synthesised, bass heavy riffs to create a monstrous number that will appeal on so many levels.’
      • ‘Computers are much better at talking than listening; synthesized or prerecorded speech is quite understandable, even in cars.’
      make compatible, harmonize, square, make harmonious, synthesize, make congruent, cause to be in agreement, cause to sit easily with, cause to sit happily with
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