Definition of synthesis in English:



  • 1Combination or composition, in particular.

    1. 1.1The combination of ideas to form a theory or system.
      ‘the synthesis of intellect and emotion in his work’
      Often contrasted with analysis
      [count noun] ‘the ideology represented a synthesis of certain ideas’
      • ‘The distinction from Rome concerns the absolute priority of the doctrine of God, compromised in Roman Catholic syntheses between nature and grace.’
      • ‘He had plenty to play with: Postwar America was full of new musical syntheses.’
      • ‘They made a difference in the sense that if they had not arrived at their syntheses then, it would have been literally decades, maybe 50 years before those fields would have gotten to the point that Darwin and Freud brought those fields.’
      • ‘Another new kind of synthetic effort aims at avoiding the nationalist slant of traditional syntheses, by deliberately looking at units of analysis far smaller or far larger than the nation state.’
      • ‘I think a productive blog session would consciously use analyses like this as well as syntheses that provide the substance for such findings.’
      • ‘Paradoxically, there is much less interpretation, less culture involved in the foundations of modern physics than in earlier, less complete syntheses.’
      • ‘Though natural history does not privilege the individual moment of perception in quite the way that romanticism does, it does rely on a process of imaginative synthesis.’
      • ‘Friendship with connectedness tended to support the process of therapists' synthesis of their personal and professional selves.’
      • ‘In contrast to iconography, the iconological method proceeds from synthesis rather than analysis.’
      • ‘An innovative ethnic aesthetic can incorporate the past in new narratives that exhibit original syntheses of ethnic identity, narrative strategies, modes of realism, and symbolism.’
      • ‘Its purpose is instead to devise by reasoned argument ever more satisfactory syntheses of theory and experiment.’
      • ‘Knowledge, analysis and synthesis are continuous processes.’
      • ‘This model has many similarities to published models of igneous feeder systems, which have traditionally been syntheses of a number of separate field exposures.’
      • ‘Physics concepts in ninth grade serve first to apply the ninth-grade algebra and second to teach how science works, including such vast syntheses as achieved by the theory of gravitation.’
      • ‘And in your professional studies, do you strengthen those critical and analytic powers and invite students to make their own syntheses?’
      • ‘On his own highly idiosyncratic terms, he revisits the conflict between Christian and pagan thought that marked Iceland's early days and carries out his own syntheses.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, research is not yet sufficiently advanced to enable an entirely fresh synthesis to be produced.’
      • ‘In the current treatment, I briefly review how the syntheses of multiple fields have provided insight into several problems in biology.’
      • ‘But even if some of the facts aren't I new to us, we look to thinkers and policymakers like him not only for fresh syntheses, but also for responsive and realistic answers to the problem.’
      • ‘Papers cited, many of which are either specific references to original ideas or syntheses of broad areas or topics, contain extensive bibliographic references to original data sources.’
      combination, union, amalgam, blend, mixture, compound, fusion, coalescence, composite, concoction, conglomerate, alloy
      combining, unification, uniting, merging, amalgamation, conglomeration, weaving, interweaving, reconciliation, marrying
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2The production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.
      ‘the synthesis of methanol from carbon monoxide and hydrogen’
      • ‘Polymerization is another type of chemical reaction employed in organic synthesis to couple small monomeric units into a much larger chain.’
      • ‘Indeed, many of these steps have been demonstrated for the synthesis of juvenile hormone.’
      • ‘Nitric oxide stimulates collagen synthesis and subsequent healing at wound sites.’
      • ‘Ethylene is only one of the many petrochemicals used for the synthesis of other compounds.’
      • ‘Factors regulating fatty acid synthesis and controlling total oil content in oilseed crops are still poorly understood.’
      • ‘There is evidence that insulin resistance decreases the synthesis of nitric oxide.’
      • ‘In addition, there is growing recognition of abiotic organic synthesis in various geological materials.’
      • ‘The advent of chemistry and chemical synthesis, however, saw their steady decline.’
      • ‘Julian worked at a frenzied pace to synthesize physostigmine in the laboratory and was successful in what experts consider one of the most difficult syntheses in history.’
      • ‘They identified genetic mutations that disabled specific steps in the synthesis of a complex molecule.’
      • ‘The synthesis of steroid hormones involves many chemical steps from cholesterol to finished product.’
      • ‘The researchers also found that increasing hyaluronan synthesis in cells increased resistance to drug treatment.’
      • ‘But it requires some chemical synthesis, which is in progress.’
      • ‘Although the reported research marks an important step forward, Morse believes that the use of these biological methods to control such syntheses would be impractical on an industrial scale.’
      • ‘Other compounds function in chemical analysis and in synthesis in a chemistry laboratory of organic compounds.’
      • ‘Hydrogen transfer reactions play an important role in transformations in organic synthesis.’
      • ‘The last two compounds are precursors for the synthesis of the hormone abscisic acid.’
      • ‘They bind to the plasma membrane of surrounding cells and block viral replication by enhancing the production of several enzymes involved in protein synthesis.’
      • ‘These seeds are green and photosynthetically active, and lipid synthesis has been shown to be stimulated in response to light in developing rape seeds.’
      • ‘This is an important reaction in organic synthesis as it provides a method to join two smaller molecules through a carbon-carbon bond.’
    3. 1.3(in Hegelian philosophy) the final stage in the process of dialectical reasoning, in which a new idea resolves the conflict between thesis and antithesis.
      • ‘It looks like they're on their way to finding a Hegelian synthesis.’
      • ‘Every synthesis becomes a new thesis, which becomes the target of a new antithesis.’
      • ‘It is also to be noted that the dialectical process is not simply from thesis and antithesis to final synthesis; it is an eternal, open-ended spiral of development.’
      • ‘This antithesis found its synthesis in Stoicism, the philosophy of both master and slave… and so on.’
      • ‘But, the Thomistic synthesis is indicative of tendencies within the western intellectual tradition.’
    4. 1.4Grammar The process of making compound and derivative words.
    5. 1.5Linguistics The use of inflected forms rather than word order to express grammatical structure.


Early 17th century: via Latin from Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai place together.