Definition of syndrome in English:

syndrome

noun

  • 1A group of symptoms that consistently occur together or a condition characterized by a set of associated symptoms.

    ‘a rare syndrome in which the production of white blood cells is damaged’
    • ‘Cardiac enlargement was the most common abnormality associated with both of these clinical syndromes.’
    • ‘It is most commonly used for the correction of more severe deformities and syndromes that were untreatable in the past.’
    • ‘Impaired respiratory muscle function is the most severe consequence of several newly described syndromes affecting critically ill patients.’
    • ‘The genes responsible for such syndromes increase cancer risk to such an extent that all other factors are largely superseded.’
    • ‘Because all of the cells are at risk, hereditary cancer syndromes also increase the risk of multiple primary tumors.’
    • ‘Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome are clinical syndromes that are characterized by extreme hypoxemia and high mortality.’
    • ‘Sleep apnea syndromes are more common in men than in women.’
    • ‘The relative contribution of these distinct injury mechanisms in different syndromes and disease models is simply not known.’
    • ‘The investigators used factor analysis to identify a cluster of symptoms and syndromes unique to Gulf War veterans.’
    • ‘More likely, these models are represented in humans by rare syndromes that can be traced to altered functions of specific genes.’
    • ‘So what about children in whom there clearly is some form of a rare syndrome, yet no diagnosis has been made?’
    • ‘There are likely to be several distinct fat alteration syndromes occurring in a variety of combinations.’
    • ‘Asthma is a syndrome characterized by episodes of reversible airway obstruction.’
    • ‘In around one in three people with the syndrome, the condition gets better without any treatment.’
    • ‘A number of rare or uncommon congenital syndromes are associated with decreased platelet production.’
    • ‘What is commonly known as influenza or the flu is a syndrome, not a disease.’
    • ‘The immune response produces a syndrome of inflammation at the site of the infection.’
    • ‘Two distinct clinical syndromes are recognized, early-and late-onset disease.’
    • ‘Congenital heart defects appear to run in families and are associated with many genetic syndromes.’
    • ‘Further longitudinal studies are needed to assess whether these findings apply to operationally defined fatigue syndromes.’
    1. 1.1 A characteristic combination of opinions, emotions, or behavior.
      ‘the “Not In My Backyard” syndrome’
      • ‘Whether she knows it or not, she is cited as chief victim of the emerging syndrome known as dotcom envy.’
      • ‘Either way you end up in competitive parent syndrome, where you realise that there is a contest going on.’
      • ‘Vinegar syndrome only affects films made up to the 1970s, when a different type of film was introduced.’
      • ‘The Howard victory last night certainly looks like burying the Spanish syndrome for good.’
      • ‘Like all people, me included, there is a certain amount of not-in-my-backyard syndrome here.’
      • ‘Ultimately, it is a syndrome of fear that has pushed Hong Kong people to migrate.’
      • ‘If it is so, what is the fun of racking my brain with East-West or North-South syndrome?’
      • ‘In years to come, we will see that familiar syndrome of sport, where ten times as many claim to have been there as actually were.’
      • ‘On one level the photographs are an antidote to the stereotype reporting that has been dubbed CNN syndrome.’
      • ‘I would like to ask other readers if they have experienced road rage trolley syndrome this Christmas?’
      • ‘You could as easily call it the Pinter syndrome and it certainly is the BBC syndrome.’
      • ‘The lack of interest might be a classic example of the chicken-or-egg syndrome.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: modern Latin, from Greek sundromē, from sun- together + dramein to run.

Pronunciation:

syndrome

/ˈsinˌdrōm/