Definition of synapse in English:

synapse

noun

  • A junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute gap across which impulses pass by diffusion of a neurotransmitter.

    • ‘At the end of the trunk is a synapse or connection with other items, usually roots of other neurons.’
    • ‘The synapse is the probable arena where general anesthetics depress neuronal function.’
    • ‘Much of this activity goes on at the synapse, or the regions where two neurons come into contact.’
    • ‘An electrical signal travels down one nerve cell, causing it to release the neurotransmitter into a small gap between cells called the synapse.’
    • ‘There, electrical impulses propel vesicles into the cell wall to spray the neurotransmitter into the synapse.’
    • ‘A neurotransmitter such as acetylcholine is responsible for allowing nerve impulses to jump across a gap between two nerve cells in the brain called synapse.’
    • ‘When the spike reaches the synaptic terminals it causes neurotransmitters to be released into the synapse where they then flow to post-synaptic neurons.’
    • ‘Once the genes were turned on, certain proteins would be released, which reshaped the end of the nerve cell or synapse and changed how it functioned for a lengthy period of time.’
    • ‘This results in a greater quantity of a particular neurotransmitter remaining in the synapse.’
    • ‘Yet a second problem was how this protein, once it was manufactured in the cell body of the neuron, could then find the one synapse among thousands that had called for it.’
    • ‘In depressed people, too much serotonin is reabsorbed in the receiving neuron after crossing the synapse, the gap between neurons.’
    • ‘This process allows the vesicles to dock to that part of the membrane where the neurotransmitters are due to be released into the synapse (the active zone).’
    • ‘In general, the signal travels across the synapse from the axon of one cell to the dendrite of the next.’
    • ‘But a single synapse firing briefly is generally not enough to make the neuron fire an impulse, technically termed an action potential, of its own.’
    • ‘He found that learning occurs at the synapse (the junction between two neurons) by several means.’
    • ‘It codes for the protein in neurons that recycles secreted serotonin from the synapse.’
    • ‘The idea is the turn up the volume of neuronal signals that use acetylcholine as a transmitter molecule, by inhibiting the enzyme that would break it down and sweep it out of the synapse.’
    • ‘Various glutamate receptors have been shown to redistribute away from the synapse within as little as 5 minutes under certain stimuli.’
    • ‘It's at a synapse that one nerve cell releases chemicals to signal an adjoining nerve cell.’
    • ‘In the case of motor neurons, the axon terminal finds the site of the original synapse on the muscle cell by recognizing the basal lamina that fills the synaptic cleft.’
    join, joint, intersection, link, bond, weld, seam, coupling, connection, union, juncture
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek sunapsis, from sun- together + hapsis joining from haptein to join.

Pronunciation:

synapse

/ˈsinˌaps/