Definition of swim in English:

swim

verb

  • 1no object Propel the body through water by using the limbs, or (in the case of a fish or other aquatic animal) by using fins, tail, or other bodily movement.

    ‘they swam ashore’
    ‘Adrian taught her to swim breaststroke’
    • ‘Crocodiles swim with back-and-forth movements of their tail.’
    • ‘The nets indiscriminately trap fish, dolphins, and other animals that swim into them.’
    • ‘I swim 20 lengths of the baths every second day.’
    • ‘A pond sat in the midst of all this beauty, and multicolored koi fish swam within its blue waters.’
    • ‘Richard was tossed into the sea and spent two hours in the freezing water trying to swim ashore.’
    • ‘I sat back to spend some time looking into the shallow water for any fish swimming under or nearby the bridge.’
    • ‘The water was clear and you could see the fish swimming along the current.’
    • ‘I do not know of a single species of fish that swims in that manner.’
    • ‘The water was a clear blue and they could see fish swimming around.’
    • ‘He faced another type of water hazard when he swam 331 lengths of a pool.’
    • ‘A drill to develop this body position involves swimming with fins and a snorkel.’
    • ‘The aquatic animals can't swim in shallow water areas.’
    • ‘Light was coming from underneath the water, and it illuminated the white-pink fish that swam around.’
    • ‘Fish swam by her body, curious and their fins tickled her legs.’
    • ‘Mercury pollutes water and thus the fish that swim in it, which involves another federal agency.’
    • ‘There was a car on the bottom of a large body of water and fish were swimming around it.’
    • ‘He swam breaststroke for the Scottish team from the age of 18 to 22.’
    • ‘Most favored activities are cycling on a stationary bicycle, brisk walking, swimming, and water aquatics.’
    • ‘Many of the men crawl towards the rails, ready to jump into the water to swim ashore.’
    • ‘They swim under water by propelling themselves with their wings, and may dive as deep as 60 feet below the surface.’
    bathe, go swimming, take a dip, dip, splash around
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    1. 1.1with object Cross (a particular stretch of water) by swimming.
      ‘she swam the Channel’
      • ‘He dove under the water again, to swim the rest of the way to the bridge.’
      • ‘They are believed to be the first women's team from Africa to swim the famous stretch.’
      • ‘You can't swim the Amazon without the current and the river's help.’
      • ‘She was first to swim the Bering Strait from Alaska to Siberia.’
      • ‘This was to be the first woman to swim the English Channel.’
      • ‘Marcus Hooper, the youngest person to complete the swim, swam the channel in 1979 at age 12.’
      • ‘Still, the final 100 meters should be swum strategically.’
    2. 1.2 Float on or at the surface of a liquid.
      ‘bubbles swam on the surface’
      • ‘I'm one of those people that think good chili should have at least a little grease swimming on top of it.’
      • ‘My only complaint is the excessive amount of grease swimming on top of the cheese.’
    3. 1.3with object Cause to float or move across water.
      ‘the Russians were able to swim their infantry carriers across’
      • ‘It would be impossible to round up all the stock and swim them across the turbulent Snake River.’
      • ‘The boys would find the logs in the woods around the lake, cut them to the right sizes, and then swim them over to the raft and attach them.’
      • ‘I could put the rest of the headlamps one by one in my dry bag and swim them across.’
  • 2no object Be immersed in or covered with liquid.

    ‘mashed potatoes swimming in gravy’
    • ‘I looked over at her to see her blue eyes swimming with tears.’
    • ‘It was swimming in a rich, wine-based sauce - too much liquid for my taste, but perfect for his.’
    • ‘I was not thrilled to find the chicken sandwich swimming in gravy.’
    • ‘It was certainly not swimming in a pool of oil and was covered with a fair enough amount of batter that it was still possible to taste the squid within.’
    • ‘I wouldn't change a thing in my soup of the day, which starred a little heap of veggies swimming in a light chicken broth, slightly spiked with ginger.’
    • ‘The potatoes were swimming in a delicious thick creamy mayonnaise.’
    • ‘The feral pigs were almost swimming in mud that was covered in slimy green algae.’
    • ‘It's an interesting dish, where the fish, cut into chunks, swims in a pool of lime juice among diced onions and tomatoes.’
    be saturated in, be drenched in, be soaked in, be steeped in, be immersed in, be covered in, be full of
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  • 3no object Appear to reel or whirl before one's eyes.

    ‘Emily rubbed her eyes as the figures swam before her eyes’
    • ‘She was dizzy. The world swam before her eyes and rocked like the boat.’
    • ‘The world swam dizzily around him and all of the color leached out of his vision.’
    • ‘Black spots swam before her eyes and she felt herself slipping.’
    • ‘Suddenly the room began to swim before her eyes.’
    • ‘Blurred, gray-blue images swam before his eyes.’
    • ‘A pair of lilac colored eyes swam dizzily in his unsteady vision.’
    • ‘In return, a large, heavy hand crashed into his skull and sent him sprawling, the world swimming dizzily around him.’
    • ‘Two tender, anxious, green-gold eyes swam dizzily in her swiftly failing vision.’
    • ‘Images of people swam in and out of focus.’
    go round, go round and round, whirl, spin, revolve, gyrate, swirl, twirl, turn, wheel
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    1. 3.1 Experience a dizzily confusing sensation in one's head.
      ‘the drink made his head swim’
      • ‘Her vision blurred and her head swam, but she stayed upright.’
      • ‘Her head swam in confusion along with a massive headache that pulsed behind her eyes.’
      • ‘Her back ached, her feet were sore and her head swam as if in a dream.’
      • ‘Her mind still swam with the confusion of the dream and she knew she had to find out what it meant.’
      • ‘Every time she made any sudden movements her head swam like it was filled with water.’

noun

  • 1An act or period of swimming.

    ‘we went for a swim in the river’
    • ‘We also take a look at some possibilities for additional events should the team members get extra swims.’
    • ‘At Rs.250 per person, one can also have a swim in the outdoor swimming pool and enjoy the cadence of the Filipino band.’
    • ‘The unique challenge is expected to attract major corporate sponsorship and media attention, both in the lead-up period and during the swim.’
    • ‘He also loved going to the pool for regular swims.’
    • ‘Thereafter life consisted of lazy swims in a pristine pool atop a hill looking over to North Africa.’
    • ‘We eventually left and got back to the hotel about 3am and had a quick swim in the hotel pool which shuts at 10 pm.’
    • ‘On a Saturday morning, you go to the pool for your weekly swim.’
    • ‘She had just finished a refreshing swim in the pool.’
    • ‘There were outstanding swims all across the board.’
    • ‘Were you disappointed with your swims at the Olympics?’
    • ‘We were both in the best shape of our lives, and this swim would have been easy.’
    • ‘I really wanted to have a swim in my own swimming pool on my birthday.’
    • ‘Then they came back and had good swims later in the meet.’
    • ‘When you have a cold or a temperature or even a flu you may wonder if it is really necessary to stay in bed or if you could go for a swim.’
    • ‘We finished with a leisurely swim back to the Scuba Park, eyeballing the marine life on the way.’
    • ‘But, starting right now, you can begin trying to decrease strokes in your all of swims.’
    • ‘Keeping the body balanced and in line during swims is something that every athlete can work on and improve.’
    • ‘First is a swim in the pool and then it's on to Windermere to master the art of canoeing and kayaking in the lake.’
    • ‘The lunchtime swim on Christmas Day proved to be a great success with a turnout of approximately 50 swimmers.’
    • ‘How pleased were you with your swims at the trials?’
    swim, bathe, dive, plunge, splash, paddle
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  • 2A pool in a river which is a particularly good spot for fishing.

    ‘he landed two 5-lb chub from the same swim’
    • ‘With so many anglers fishing the lower river it's often a job to find a decent swim.’
    • ‘Within ten minutes I had to retrieve my tackle, after a load of rubbish dragged the bait out of the swim.’
    • ‘The swims on the lake and river are all well maintained and cared for.’
    • ‘The first thing to do on arriving is to get a stream of bait going into the swim.’
    • ‘The challenge is more about positioning bait in uncastable swims rather than baiting up.’
    • ‘The main house is visible down a long avenue of trees from some swims in the lake.’
    • ‘There is a system of firm paths giving access to nearly half the fishing stations and easy access to the remaining swims in dry weather.’
    • ‘I selected a swim near the first spot that I had tried and again proceeded to fish a long line.’
    • ‘The new swim was on the other side of the river and if we hadn't been shown its whereabouts would never have guessed its existence.’
    • ‘Two cricket balls of mashed bread groundbait were introduced into the top of the swim.’
    • ‘Try to avoid the corners of the lake when choosing a swim as in my experience they are not good in the long term.’
    • ‘Again Pete and I were in adjoining swims but this time on the smaller lake, much shallower and easier to stalk.’
    • ‘I baited up another spot on the other side of the swim before retying up the second rod with a new rig.’
    • ‘There were obviously carp present in the swim which was most encouraging.’
    • ‘The road forks just before you reach the river and the best swims are to the right beyond the landing stage.’
    • ‘If you look at flowing swims in a river, you can get the wrong impression of the pace.’
    • ‘With so few anglers, and almost no bank anglers, there are few open swims.’
    • ‘This called for the use of a bait rocket to get large amounts of bait into the swim.’
    • ‘Pick a swim where the water flows off gravel and weed with depth of between four and six feet.’
    • ‘They picked up a few odd pellets that I had placed in the swim.’

Usage

In standard English, the past tense of swim is swam (she swam to the shore) and the past participle is swum (she had never swum there before). In the 17th and 18th centuries, swam and swum were used interchangeably for the past participle, but this is not acceptable in standard modern English

Phrases

  • in the swim

    • Involved in or aware of current affairs or events.

      • ‘I loved being part of the madness of the rush hour commute - it made me feel in the swim, connected to the rest of the world, part of everyday society.’
      • ‘Hopefully by Monday I should be back in the swim of things!’
      • ‘Hearing aids will put you back in the swim again.’
      • ‘It's good to be back in the swim of things!’
  • swim with (or against) the tide

    • Act in accordance with (or against) the prevailing opinion or tendency.

      • ‘What's certain is that Baltimore is swimming against the tide.’
      • ‘We also seemed to be swimming against the tide of contemporary trends in the publication of reference works.’
      • ‘Despite swimming against the tide, he has never lost his youthful energy.’
      • ‘Maybe, just maybe, I am swimming against the tide.’
      • ‘Since starting out in dance music in the mid-1990s, Costello has always seemed to be swimming against the tide of the local scene.’
      • ‘They are swimming against the tide even amongst their own.’
      • ‘One patron of the society said: ‘We've been swimming against the tide for years now.’’
      • ‘‘Instead of swimming against the tide, there should be an attempt to make maximum advantage of it,’ he says.’
      • ‘Yet once again she was swimming against the tide.’
      • ‘He was just happy to swim with the tide, and confident that when opportunity came knocking, he would know.’

Origin

Old English swimman (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zwemmen and German schwimmen.

Pronunciation

swim

/swɪm//swim/