Definition of suspension in US English:

suspension

noun

  • 1The temporary prevention of something from continuing or being in force or effect.

    ‘the suspension of military action’
    • ‘Serious and systemic human rights violations of the type that may lead to suspension of aid or trade will not change overnight.’
    • ‘It is doubtful that trade suspension by Japan will lead to North Korea's collapse or deal it a severe blow, forcing it to yield and change its policy.’
    • ‘The formal suspension of the action led to the resumption of talks with the government in a further attempt to impose a settlement in the 15-month dispute.’
    • ‘The Embassy bombing touched off storms of protests from China and led to suspension of almost all military contacts and planned visits.’
    • ‘There are many other risks of business interruption and suspension that cannot be transferred to an insurance company.’
    adjournment, interruption, postponement, delay, deferral, deferment, shelving, stay, moratorium, arrest, intermission, interlude, prorogation, tabling, abeyance
    exclusion, debarment, removal, temporary removal, elimination, rejection, expulsion, ejection, eviction, rustication
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The official prohibition of someone from holding their usual post or carrying out their usual role for a particular length of time.
      ‘the investigation led to the suspension of several officers’
      ‘a four-game suspension’
      • ‘It carries a one-year suspension that he has served 14 times over.’
      • ‘For suspensions, they were asked the year their suspension occurred and the length of their suspension.’
      • ‘I mean, here I was risking major detention and possibly a suspension from band class for some guy.’
      • ‘He will serve a one-match suspension with immediate effect.’
      • ‘The big question entering the play-offs was how Wallace would respond to the suspension, his third of the season and the second issued by the team.’
      • ‘The four-game suspension of RB Travis Henry will mean more carries for Chris Brown.’
      • ‘Tonight, it is the highest-profile suspension yet in the Major League Baseball steroid scandal.’
      • ‘Before the suspension, the oft-injured senior had played in only three career games with the Utes, running for 500 yards and four touchdowns.’
      • ‘Stars like Bogart or Clark Gable during Hollywood's golden era were regularly on suspension for turning down roles they regarded as typecasting.’
      • ‘The representatives of the agitating workers have demanded the immediate suspension of the police officials involved.’
      • ‘A spokesman for North Ayrshire said that, depending on the severity of the incident, officials would consider suspension, expulsion and calling in the police.’
      • ‘In his two games since serving a one-game team suspension, Buckhalter has carried the ball six times for only 11 yards.’
      • ‘My parents said I couldn't hang out with my friends, because that would defeat most of the purpose of a suspension, which is thinking about what I've done wrong.’
      • ‘For his trouble, the NBA has levied out a nasty one-game suspension.’
      • ‘Officials stress that suspension is normal procedure in the circumstances.’
      • ‘The students each received a one-day suspension, which school officials agreed not to enforce after they were contacted by the ACLU of Massachusetts.’
      • ‘In his second game back from the suspension, he scored three goals.’
      • ‘We were both guilty, so if he got a one-game suspension, then I should have gotten one game.’
      • ‘Further, based on decades of experience with such cases, in a series of policy documents the profession has defined the circumstances under which a suspension can be imposed.’
  • 2The system of springs and shock absorbers by which a vehicle is cushioned from road conditions.

    ‘the car's rear suspension’
    • ‘An innovative (for its day) independent rear suspension provided a roomy trunk and marvelous stability.’
    • ‘All Epsilon cars share a front strut suspension and four-link rear with identical mounting points and wheel travel.’
    • ‘The cost savings paid for the SUV's independent rear suspension, which can be shared with the pickup should the market demand it.’
    • ‘The running gear has torsion bar suspension with an adjustable damping system and automatic block mechanism without stabilising spades.’
    • ‘The new model features a durable stainless steel tray at the back, live axle and leaf springs rather than independent rear suspension.’
    • ‘The running gear features torsion bar suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers at one, two and six road wheel stations and tracks with rubber-metallic pin hinges.’
    • ‘Imagine the classic pickup with modern drivetrain, suspension and electronics.’
    • ‘Look for brake, clutch, gearbox, suspension and engine wear - that is to say, have her professionally checked, before handing over that bank draft.’
    • ‘The Frontier features a rind leaf spring rear suspension and like the Xterra has the power-assisted rack and pinion steering.’
    • ‘An independent bi-directional torsion suspension provides better operator comfort, with more traction and stability.’
    • ‘It was also given a more conventional rear suspension with leaf springs in a typical Hotchkiss design.’
    • ‘There are no modifications to the brakes, suspension, steering or interior; even Works wheels are extra.’
    • ‘The resulting balance combined with front and rear double wishbone suspension and concentrated stiffness and rigidity is almost flawless.’
    • ‘Cleverly, the gearbox and rear suspension could be changed as a unit in under ten minutes - which was an extreme competitive advantage under racing conditions.’
    • ‘The independent rear suspension offers better lateral stiffness yet more fore/aft compliance than a live rear axle.’
    • ‘The rear sub-frame, front suspension, engine and gearbox plus the wiring loom and various bits from the dash are also used.’
    • ‘The rear suspension is susceptible to wheel geometry changes and any misalignment shows up in the handling of the car.’
    • ‘The rear suspension features a live axle with steel leaf springs.’
    • ‘The car had independent front suspension and featured spare wheel compartments in the front wings.’
  • 3A mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid.

    ‘a suspension of corn starch in peanut oil’
    • ‘Lipid suspensions in buffer were spun in an Eppendorf centrifuge at room temperature.’
    • ‘In the first one, excess cholesterol remains in solution, thereby nucleating crystallites in the bulk suspension.’
    • ‘Phosphates can aid in the emulsification and protection of colloidal suspensions for the food industry as well.’
    • ‘One of the simplest ways of demonstrating that an apparent solution is actually a suspension of microscopic particles is through light scattering.’
    • ‘Lipid concentrations of liposome suspensions were determined by phosphate analysis.’
    • ‘Oil paints are made up of a suspension of pigments in an oil such as linseed oil that dries.’
    • ‘Thus, some are supplied in liquid form, such as solutions, emulsions or suspensions, and others in solid form, such as powders or granules.’
    • ‘An aerosol is a suspension of very small particles of solid or liquid dispersed in a gas medium.’
    • ‘Milk is a colloidal suspension of oil droplets in water.’
    • ‘First of all, we used particle suspensions and not water-soluble, autoclaved extracts.’
    • ‘Bring bottled chemicals and organic suspensions into your basement or utility area and store on a high shelf.’
    • ‘A patient is first asked to drink a suspension of barium sulfate in water.’
    • ‘The dispersion is called a suspension if the particle is greater than 0.5 micrometers.’
    • ‘This suspension was homogenized a third time as before.’
    • ‘Lotion moisturizers are suspensions of oily chemicals in alcohol and water.’
    • ‘It involves the suspension of monomer particles in water.’
    • ‘A liquid suspension contains drug particles that can't be dissolved.’
    • ‘After addition was complete the suspension was filtered through glass wool and dialyzed.’
    • ‘All stock particle suspensions were made freshly in sterile deionized water.’
    • ‘The commercial version of aluminum hydroxide usually consists of an aqueous suspension containing a small amount of aluminum oxide.’
    mixture, mix, blend, compound, tincture, infusion, emulsion, colloid, gel, fluid
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 The state of being dispersed in a fluid.
      ‘the agitator in the vat keeps the slurry in suspension’
      • ‘It does not dissolve the latex particles, but disperses them in suspension.’
      • ‘Muds are transported in suspension by surface waters and are widely dispersed from their source area.’
      • ‘Mammalian cells would require a surface on which they had to attach before cell division could take place, unlike bacteria that grow in suspension.’
      • ‘The beads were kept in suspension for 30 min by shaking at 400 rpm on a microfuge tube shaker at room temperature.’
      • ‘This has a big effect on reducing underwater visibility, as the mainland feeds the River Tyne with water-borne sediment and delivers it in suspension into the North Sea.’
      • ‘The lipids are held in suspension as tiny globules known as liposomes, and are delivered by a manual-pump aerosol spray onto the closed eye.’
      • ‘The crowding effect is a simple consequence of the withdrawal of water, some of which is now occupied in holding the sugar in suspension and some of which evaporates.’
      • ‘More often than not, the soapy agent holds soil in suspension as it becomes loose during the wash cycle, and is subsequently flushed away during the rinse cycle and centrifugal spin.’
  • 4Music
    A discord made by prolonging a note of a chord into the following chord.

    • ‘Santana's own contribution is replete with rubato, ornamentation and suspensions.’
    • ‘Each note, once sounded, is held on, to produce a grinding multiple suspension over a quasitonic E at the sixth bar.’
    • ‘He also used sighing suspensions, and unexpected leaps to hold on to bass pedal notes to create chords.’
    • ‘As a musician, some deeply ingested logic automatically pivoted the vision before me to a tangible translation of a triad's triple arch in heavenly suspension.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French, or from Latin suspensio(n-), from the verb suspendere (see suspend).

Pronunciation

suspension

/səˈspenSHən//səˈspɛnʃən/