Definition of survey in English:

survey

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
Pronunciation /sərˈvā/
  • 1(of a person or their eyes) look carefully and thoroughly at (someone or something), especially so as to appraise them.

    ‘her green eyes surveyed him coolly’
    ‘I surveyed the options’
    • ‘Something in the two larger puppies caught his eye and he picked one of them up, surveying it closely.’
    • ‘My eyes surveyed the crowd, finally settling on Armando.’
    • ‘Nathan stood at the entrance to the room, calmly surveying the scene in front of him.’
    • ‘She surveyed me closely through her fine spectacles.’
    • ‘She wore a long, undecorated white robe and had bright green eyes that surveyed the entire crowd.’
    • ‘His vision was partially returned, and he quickly surveyed the surroundings.’
    • ‘She leapt to her feet once again and quickly surveyed the scene before her.’
    • ‘The wrinkles deepened in his creased face as he surveyed it closely.’
    • ‘I climbed the sand dunes and surveyed the surroundings: green hills behind me, the ocean in front of me, clear blue skies all round.’
    • ‘She looked around, carefully surveying the surroundings.’
    • ‘My heart was in my throat as I surveyed what he held in his hand.’
    • ‘His eyes were worried as he helped her stand up, surveying her closely for injury.’
    • ‘With this in mind, I surveyed the people around me and considered if it was truly possible that fifty strangers could share each other's company for just a few days and have such an impact on each other's lives.’
    • ‘I brushed a strand of ginger hair off my forehead and surveyed my reflection more closely.’
    • ‘His eyes moved around him to survey what he had missed in the darkness.’
    • ‘To his right stood Xiao, also surveying her surroundings with interest.’
    • ‘I looked him over once more and surveyed his eyes very closely.’
    • ‘I push open the green doors and survey the social dynamic like I did on the bus the first day of school.’
    • ‘Needing a bigger site but intent on staying in the neighbourhood, the Boykiws surveyed the options.’
    • ‘Several miles away, in a small cottage, a woman surveyed the devastation surrounding her.’
    look at, look over, take a look at, observe, view, contemplate, regard, see, gaze at, stare at, eye, get a bird's-eye view of
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Investigate the opinions or experience of (a group of people) by asking them questions.
      ‘95% of patients surveyed were satisfied with the health service’
      • ‘The 66 physicians who were surveyed had referred patients to the study.’
      • ‘Sixty-two percent of all surveyed said they experienced at least four traumatic events in the past 10 years.’
      • ‘One study surveyed 32 patients dying of cancer and stroke.’
      • ‘The researchers surveyed more than 6,000 American soldiers in the months before and after combat in the two countries.’
      • ‘The IAS study showed that 56 percent of the organizations surveyed experienced failed international assignments.’
      • ‘In this study, we surveyed the clinicians who are the recipients of these interpretations.’
      • ‘In fact, 64 percent of the patients surveyed were initially diagnosed by their primary-care doctor.’
      • ‘They surveyed 49 patients who consumed a therapeutic diet and who received diet counselling during their hospital stay.’
      • ‘Students in a large, urban northwest school district were recruited and then surveyed annually for seven years.’
      • ‘Surprisingly, while students get less time with their teachers, the survey suggests that they're more satisfied than students surveyed 10 years earlier.’
      • ‘One student of the 556 surveyed got all 34 questions right.’
      • ‘Voters across the nation were surveyed to determine attitudes on issues up for debate.’
      • ‘Each clinic surveyed 20 patients who were selected randomly.’
      • ‘The lists were drawn on the basis of personal experience among 200 people surveyed.’
      • ‘Both groups were surveyed at baseline (prior to starting their S-L experience) and at the completion of their experience.’
      • ‘All of the patients surveyed said they were happy with the availability of appointments.’
      • ‘In 2003, researchers surveyed approximately 13,000 high school students about the disease.’
      • ‘More than one-third of the companies surveyed failed to hold regular board meetings.’
      • ‘The biggest question those surveyed said required an answer was: ‘Why is there so much suffering in the world?’’
      • ‘They found that 25% of plastic surgery patients surveyed said their partners had also had plastic surgery.’
    2. 1.2 Investigate (behavior or opinions) by questioning a group of people.
      ‘the investigator surveyed the attitudes and beliefs held by residents’
      • ‘In 2000 it surveyed opinion using the identical question, resulting in support of 56 percent.’
      • ‘A new poll surveying religious opinions across different countries has some interesting results.’
      • ‘The sample size was limited, the range of treatments surveyed perhaps too wide for the small numbers involved.’
      • ‘The poll surveyed the opinions of 3,667 people, aged 18 years and older.’
      • ‘Researchers have for years been surveying the public's attitudes toward advertising and have noticed no significant change in beliefs about advertising.’
      interview, question, canvass, poll, cross-examine, investigate, research, study, probe, sample
      View synonyms
  • 2Examine and record the area and features of (an area of land) so as to construct a map, plan, or description.

    ‘he surveyed the coasts of New Zealand’
    • ‘The first settlers arrived in the district around 1880 after the land had been surveyed by W.H.Skinner.’
    • ‘More than 750 miles of the southern part of the West Coast route has to be surveyed to record design positions.’
    • ‘This year, the team surveyed a larger area with tunicate coverage.’
    • ‘Bad weather prevented these plans and he surveyed the Cocos-Keeling Islands instead.’
    • ‘This area of London was surveyed again in 1991 as part of the UK census of population.’
    • ‘The secondary observer records the species detected by the primary observer but also surveys the area.’
    • ‘However, a small population of approximately 40 individuals exists upstream of the area that is regularly surveyed.’
    • ‘Buford surveyed the area for its geographical importance for the coming battle.’
    • ‘That is less than half of the sheep estimated to have been there when the area was last surveyed in 1973 by Canadian biologist Ronald Petocz.’
    • ‘The one female was not observed until she began behaving in a territorial manner again, even though the surrounding area had been intensively surveyed twice.’
    • ‘Even with this global effort, only 40 percent of the world's oceans have been surveyed to hydrographic standards.’
    • ‘The survey consisted of a two-page, front to back, fifteen item questionnaire.’
    • ‘This equates to surveying an area the size of Plymouth while being able to pick out isolated features the size of a dustbin.’
    • ‘In Taiwan, there are four areas which will be surveyed and examined this year by the WHO.’
    • ‘Kenya law requires that all land parcels should be surveyed and registered.’
    • ‘He had surveyed all the surrounding area, using council plans and photos taken by Staten.’
    • ‘Another protected area that should be surveyed for islerorum is the Reserva Ecologica Serra das Araras in western Mato Grosso, Brazil.’
    • ‘This area was last surveyed in 1949, before most of the modern sonar technology was available.’
    • ‘Some adjacent areas were also surveyed, although less intensively.’
    • ‘She and two scientist friends then took her lists and travelled down the coast surveying the inter-tidal zones and counting all the numbers of these kinds of creatures.’
    • ‘Over the years since then, we have spent billions mapping, measuring and surveying Antarctica from land, sea and space.’

noun

Pronunciation /ˈsərˌvā/
  • 1A general view, examination, or description of someone or something.

    ‘the author provides a survey of the relevant literature’
    • ‘The best a book like this can do is to bring readers a general survey of hoaxes, their nature and perpetrators, and offer some tips on how to avoid being hoaxed.’
    • ‘First, however, I shall present a general survey of the evidence.’
    • ‘This volume not only provides a comprehensive survey of recent work on existential meaning but is likely to have a broader appeal as well.’
    • ‘There are good case studies and general surveys of terrorists and terrorist organizations, but few that try to determine whether more democracy leads to less terrorism.’
    • ‘This volume provides an introductory survey of the last generation of scholarship on the corpus of eddic mythological poetry.’
    • ‘The former is a comprehensive view or survey and the latter refers to places where two forms of a language are spoken.’
    • ‘In general, the genre-by-genre surveys are extremely informative.’
    • ‘Its title and introduction lead readers to expect a general survey of global environmental history.’
    study, consideration, review, overview
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An investigation of the opinions or experience of a group of people, based on a series of questions.
      • ‘The outcome is a slap in the face for thousands of people who took part in a household survey asking for their views only to find them summarily disregarded.’
      • ‘This is based on a survey conducted in Sweden, which is the only EU country where smokeless tobacco is allowed.’
      • ‘Government figures on poverty are based on sample surveys conducted at discrete points of time.’
      • ‘However, she also conducted a number of questionnaire surveys of members.’
      • ‘A recent nationwide FSA survey showed one in five people used takeaways two or three times a week.’
      • ‘At the baseline survey participants completed a detailed health and lifestyle questionnaire and participated in a health examination.’
      • ‘In a new nationwide survey commissioned by Columbia Law School, most Americans said no.’
      • ‘No steps were initiated to conduct surveys, investigations and research to identify the cause for occurrence of various types of disabilities with a view to their prevention and early detection.’
      • ‘Opinion surveys naturally produce optimistic estimates, as do extrapolations of recent market returns.’
      • ‘The site will carry out online price surveys and will also lead campaigns for lower prices.’
      • ‘The two groups commissioned a survey which found that 63 percent of respondents in Barcelona wanted an end to bullfighting.’
      • ‘These findings emerge from a national survey of public opinion conducted by the HSRC during September 2000.’
      • ‘A nationwide survey has found that parents want their children taught at home instead of at school.’
      • ‘An informal survey reveals the youth at various stages of their academic and work careers.’
      • ‘Stations were also encouraged to install secure fencing, better lighting and clearer signs, and to conduct opinion surveys among passengers.’
      • ‘More than 400 members participated in a member satisfaction survey in late May of 2001.’
      • ‘In a national telephone survey of 1,000 US adults, 105 participants reported that they suffer from severe headaches.’
      • ‘The second part of the survey examines views on the police, the judicial process and politics.’
      • ‘A survey conducted last year identified a huge need for local housing.’
      • ‘The results of a recent survey indicate that few general dentists see children who are younger than three years.’
      poll, review, investigation, enquiry, study, probe, questionnaire, opinion poll, sampling, census, cross-examination, quiz, research
      View synonyms
  • 2An act of surveying an area of land.

    ‘the flight involved a detailed aerial survey of military bases’
    • ‘Most information on their abundance and distribution is based on the larger islands, and the smaller islands are not always even included in aerial surveys.’
    • ‘After extensive aerial surveys, scientists in a joint survey of the GBR this year discovered that coral bleaching has affected more than 60 per cent of the reef system.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys found that nearly 60 percent of the reef area in the marine park was heat-stressed to some extent as indicated by bleaching.’
    • ‘Along the way, instruments could make a detailed survey of the land or sea below.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys are also followed by spotter and safety craft to curtail operations should marine life or nontarget hazards enter the ranges during the exercises.’
    • ‘What is more, they counted all of those 100 sheep in an area where the aerial survey had found no sheep at all.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys revealed that a small Rhine tributary had once carved an island here, and the silted channel was promptly dredged.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys show that Louisiana's barrier islands have sustained especially heavy losses from Katrina's scouring winds and waves.’
    • ‘In more than 28 years of flying aerial wildlife surveys, I've had the opportunity to work on many unique projects.’
    • ‘M. Turman was indispensable as the pilot for the aerial surveys.’
    • ‘Since the aerial surveys occurred in different areas and at different times of the year, it was impossible to compare their results directly.’
    • ‘The officer said they have conducted an aerial survey which showed extensive damage in different villages due to the rain.’
    • ‘The two essential methods of prairie dog tabulation are aerial surveys and old-fashioned head counts.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys have shown over 2,000 jellies squeezed together into an area the size of a football field.’
    • ‘He said extensive surveys had found no signs of the newt.’
    • ‘Not only was Hutton teaching and writing textbooks, but he also undertook a land survey of the area around Newcastle for the mayor and corporation of the city.’
    • ‘Potentially suitable patches were determined from aerial surveys and ground checks.’
    • ‘A geophysical survey revealed little, and we opened only three of four proposed trenches.’
    • ‘That isolation along with a lack of funding for extensive aerial and ground surveys translate to light monitoring - nothing near the scale and intensity aimed at ducks.’
    • ‘Approximately 85% of the study area burned, as estimated by ground surveys and aerial photography.’
    1. 2.1 A map, plan, or detailed description obtained by a survey.
      • ‘Other surveys were recently on view at the Fine Art Society in London and the National Museum, Cardiff, Wales.’
    2. 2.2 A department carrying out the surveying of land.
      ‘the U.S. Geological Survey’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense examine and ascertain the condition of): from Anglo-Norman French surveier, from medieval Latin supervidere, from super- over + videre to see The early sense of the noun (late 15th century) was supervision.

Pronunciation

survey

Verb/sərˈvā/

survey

Noun/ˈsərˌvā/