Definition of survey in English:

survey

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1(of a person or their eyes) look carefully and thoroughly at (someone or something), especially so as to appraise them.

    ‘her green eyes surveyed him coolly’
    ‘I surveyed the options’
    • ‘His vision was partially returned, and he quickly surveyed the surroundings.’
    • ‘Something in the two larger puppies caught his eye and he picked one of them up, surveying it closely.’
    • ‘She wore a long, undecorated white robe and had bright green eyes that surveyed the entire crowd.’
    • ‘My eyes surveyed the crowd, finally settling on Armando.’
    • ‘She surveyed me closely through her fine spectacles.’
    • ‘To his right stood Xiao, also surveying her surroundings with interest.’
    • ‘His eyes were worried as he helped her stand up, surveying her closely for injury.’
    • ‘Needing a bigger site but intent on staying in the neighbourhood, the Boykiws surveyed the options.’
    • ‘She looked around, carefully surveying the surroundings.’
    • ‘Several miles away, in a small cottage, a woman surveyed the devastation surrounding her.’
    • ‘His eyes moved around him to survey what he had missed in the darkness.’
    • ‘I climbed the sand dunes and surveyed the surroundings: green hills behind me, the ocean in front of me, clear blue skies all round.’
    • ‘My heart was in my throat as I surveyed what he held in his hand.’
    • ‘Nathan stood at the entrance to the room, calmly surveying the scene in front of him.’
    • ‘I looked him over once more and surveyed his eyes very closely.’
    • ‘The wrinkles deepened in his creased face as he surveyed it closely.’
    • ‘I brushed a strand of ginger hair off my forehead and surveyed my reflection more closely.’
    • ‘I push open the green doors and survey the social dynamic like I did on the bus the first day of school.’
    • ‘With this in mind, I surveyed the people around me and considered if it was truly possible that fifty strangers could share each other's company for just a few days and have such an impact on each other's lives.’
    • ‘She leapt to her feet once again and quickly surveyed the scene before her.’
    look at, look over, take a look at, observe, view, contemplate, regard, see, gaze at, stare at, eye, get a bird's-eye view of
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Investigate the opinions or experience of (a group of people) by asking them questions.
      ‘95% of patients surveyed were satisfied with the health service’
      • ‘The IAS study showed that 56 percent of the organizations surveyed experienced failed international assignments.’
      • ‘The lists were drawn on the basis of personal experience among 200 people surveyed.’
      • ‘Surprisingly, while students get less time with their teachers, the survey suggests that they're more satisfied than students surveyed 10 years earlier.’
      • ‘Each clinic surveyed 20 patients who were selected randomly.’
      • ‘Voters across the nation were surveyed to determine attitudes on issues up for debate.’
      • ‘The 66 physicians who were surveyed had referred patients to the study.’
      • ‘The biggest question those surveyed said required an answer was: ‘Why is there so much suffering in the world?’’
      • ‘The researchers surveyed more than 6,000 American soldiers in the months before and after combat in the two countries.’
      • ‘In this study, we surveyed the clinicians who are the recipients of these interpretations.’
      • ‘In fact, 64 percent of the patients surveyed were initially diagnosed by their primary-care doctor.’
      • ‘More than one-third of the companies surveyed failed to hold regular board meetings.’
      • ‘In 2003, researchers surveyed approximately 13,000 high school students about the disease.’
      • ‘One student of the 556 surveyed got all 34 questions right.’
      • ‘Sixty-two percent of all surveyed said they experienced at least four traumatic events in the past 10 years.’
      • ‘One study surveyed 32 patients dying of cancer and stroke.’
      • ‘Students in a large, urban northwest school district were recruited and then surveyed annually for seven years.’
      • ‘Both groups were surveyed at baseline (prior to starting their S-L experience) and at the completion of their experience.’
      • ‘All of the patients surveyed said they were happy with the availability of appointments.’
      • ‘They found that 25% of plastic surgery patients surveyed said their partners had also had plastic surgery.’
      • ‘They surveyed 49 patients who consumed a therapeutic diet and who received diet counselling during their hospital stay.’
    2. 1.2Investigate (behavior or opinions) by questioning a group of people.
      ‘the investigator surveyed the attitudes and beliefs held by residents’
      • ‘The sample size was limited, the range of treatments surveyed perhaps too wide for the small numbers involved.’
      • ‘Researchers have for years been surveying the public's attitudes toward advertising and have noticed no significant change in beliefs about advertising.’
      • ‘A new poll surveying religious opinions across different countries has some interesting results.’
      • ‘The poll surveyed the opinions of 3,667 people, aged 18 years and older.’
      • ‘In 2000 it surveyed opinion using the identical question, resulting in support of 56 percent.’
  • 2Examine and record the area and features of (an area of land) so as to construct a map, plan, or description.

    ‘he surveyed the coasts of New Zealand’
    • ‘This equates to surveying an area the size of Plymouth while being able to pick out isolated features the size of a dustbin.’
    • ‘Buford surveyed the area for its geographical importance for the coming battle.’
    • ‘This area of London was surveyed again in 1991 as part of the UK census of population.’
    • ‘Even with this global effort, only 40 percent of the world's oceans have been surveyed to hydrographic standards.’
    • ‘The one female was not observed until she began behaving in a territorial manner again, even though the surrounding area had been intensively surveyed twice.’
    • ‘More than 750 miles of the southern part of the West Coast route has to be surveyed to record design positions.’
    • ‘This year, the team surveyed a larger area with tunicate coverage.’
    • ‘Some adjacent areas were also surveyed, although less intensively.’
    • ‘Over the years since then, we have spent billions mapping, measuring and surveying Antarctica from land, sea and space.’
    • ‘He had surveyed all the surrounding area, using council plans and photos taken by Staten.’
    • ‘The secondary observer records the species detected by the primary observer but also surveys the area.’
    • ‘Kenya law requires that all land parcels should be surveyed and registered.’
    • ‘That is less than half of the sheep estimated to have been there when the area was last surveyed in 1973 by Canadian biologist Ronald Petocz.’
    • ‘Another protected area that should be surveyed for islerorum is the Reserva Ecologica Serra das Araras in western Mato Grosso, Brazil.’
    • ‘The survey consisted of a two-page, front to back, fifteen item questionnaire.’
    • ‘The first settlers arrived in the district around 1880 after the land had been surveyed by W.H.Skinner.’
    • ‘Bad weather prevented these plans and he surveyed the Cocos-Keeling Islands instead.’
    • ‘In Taiwan, there are four areas which will be surveyed and examined this year by the WHO.’
    • ‘However, a small population of approximately 40 individuals exists upstream of the area that is regularly surveyed.’
    • ‘She and two scientist friends then took her lists and travelled down the coast surveying the inter-tidal zones and counting all the numbers of these kinds of creatures.’
    • ‘This area was last surveyed in 1949, before most of the modern sonar technology was available.’

noun

  • 1A general view, examination, or description of someone or something.

    ‘the author provides a survey of the relevant literature’
    • ‘The former is a comprehensive view or survey and the latter refers to places where two forms of a language are spoken.’
    • ‘Its title and introduction lead readers to expect a general survey of global environmental history.’
    • ‘This volume provides an introductory survey of the last generation of scholarship on the corpus of eddic mythological poetry.’
    • ‘First, however, I shall present a general survey of the evidence.’
    • ‘This volume not only provides a comprehensive survey of recent work on existential meaning but is likely to have a broader appeal as well.’
    • ‘There are good case studies and general surveys of terrorists and terrorist organizations, but few that try to determine whether more democracy leads to less terrorism.’
    • ‘In general, the genre-by-genre surveys are extremely informative.’
    • ‘The best a book like this can do is to bring readers a general survey of hoaxes, their nature and perpetrators, and offer some tips on how to avoid being hoaxed.’
    study, consideration, review, overview
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1An investigation of the opinions or experience of a group of people, based on a series of questions.
      • ‘This is based on a survey conducted in Sweden, which is the only EU country where smokeless tobacco is allowed.’
      • ‘The second part of the survey examines views on the police, the judicial process and politics.’
      • ‘The results of a recent survey indicate that few general dentists see children who are younger than three years.’
      • ‘An informal survey reveals the youth at various stages of their academic and work careers.’
      • ‘The two groups commissioned a survey which found that 63 percent of respondents in Barcelona wanted an end to bullfighting.’
      • ‘More than 400 members participated in a member satisfaction survey in late May of 2001.’
      • ‘A survey conducted last year identified a huge need for local housing.’
      • ‘In a new nationwide survey commissioned by Columbia Law School, most Americans said no.’
      • ‘A nationwide survey has found that parents want their children taught at home instead of at school.’
      • ‘These findings emerge from a national survey of public opinion conducted by the HSRC during September 2000.’
      • ‘However, she also conducted a number of questionnaire surveys of members.’
      • ‘Opinion surveys naturally produce optimistic estimates, as do extrapolations of recent market returns.’
      • ‘The outcome is a slap in the face for thousands of people who took part in a household survey asking for their views only to find them summarily disregarded.’
      • ‘Stations were also encouraged to install secure fencing, better lighting and clearer signs, and to conduct opinion surveys among passengers.’
      • ‘Government figures on poverty are based on sample surveys conducted at discrete points of time.’
      • ‘In a national telephone survey of 1,000 US adults, 105 participants reported that they suffer from severe headaches.’
      • ‘At the baseline survey participants completed a detailed health and lifestyle questionnaire and participated in a health examination.’
      • ‘No steps were initiated to conduct surveys, investigations and research to identify the cause for occurrence of various types of disabilities with a view to their prevention and early detection.’
      • ‘The site will carry out online price surveys and will also lead campaigns for lower prices.’
      • ‘A recent nationwide FSA survey showed one in five people used takeaways two or three times a week.’
  • 2An act of surveying an area of land.

    ‘the flight involved a detailed aerial survey of military bases’
    • ‘In more than 28 years of flying aerial wildlife surveys, I've had the opportunity to work on many unique projects.’
    • ‘A geophysical survey revealed little, and we opened only three of four proposed trenches.’
    • ‘M. Turman was indispensable as the pilot for the aerial surveys.’
    • ‘The officer said they have conducted an aerial survey which showed extensive damage in different villages due to the rain.’
    • ‘He said extensive surveys had found no signs of the newt.’
    • ‘After extensive aerial surveys, scientists in a joint survey of the GBR this year discovered that coral bleaching has affected more than 60 per cent of the reef system.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys show that Louisiana's barrier islands have sustained especially heavy losses from Katrina's scouring winds and waves.’
    • ‘What is more, they counted all of those 100 sheep in an area where the aerial survey had found no sheep at all.’
    • ‘Most information on their abundance and distribution is based on the larger islands, and the smaller islands are not always even included in aerial surveys.’
    • ‘Not only was Hutton teaching and writing textbooks, but he also undertook a land survey of the area around Newcastle for the mayor and corporation of the city.’
    • ‘Since the aerial surveys occurred in different areas and at different times of the year, it was impossible to compare their results directly.’
    • ‘That isolation along with a lack of funding for extensive aerial and ground surveys translate to light monitoring - nothing near the scale and intensity aimed at ducks.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys found that nearly 60 percent of the reef area in the marine park was heat-stressed to some extent as indicated by bleaching.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys revealed that a small Rhine tributary had once carved an island here, and the silted channel was promptly dredged.’
    • ‘The two essential methods of prairie dog tabulation are aerial surveys and old-fashioned head counts.’
    • ‘Approximately 85% of the study area burned, as estimated by ground surveys and aerial photography.’
    • ‘Along the way, instruments could make a detailed survey of the land or sea below.’
    • ‘Potentially suitable patches were determined from aerial surveys and ground checks.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys have shown over 2,000 jellies squeezed together into an area the size of a football field.’
    • ‘Aerial surveys are also followed by spotter and safety craft to curtail operations should marine life or nontarget hazards enter the ranges during the exercises.’
    1. 2.1A map, plan, or detailed description obtained by a survey.
      • ‘Other surveys were recently on view at the Fine Art Society in London and the National Museum, Cardiff, Wales.’
    2. 2.2A department carrying out the surveying of land.
      ‘the U.S. Geological Survey’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense examine and ascertain the condition of): from Anglo-Norman French surveier, from medieval Latin supervidere, from super- over + videre to see The early sense of the noun (late 15th century) was supervision.