One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The occurrence of an unrelated form to fill a gap in a conjugation (e.g. went as the past tense of go).
- ‘Lexical words are generally fitted into the flow of language through such mechanisms as affixation, suppletion, stress shift, and vowel change, all of which have morphological and other effects.’
- ‘We list the instances of suppletion and give examples of regular inflected items when they are available.’
- ‘As the complementary part of the project, we will examine a range of genetically diverse languages, create a database, and use it to construct a typologically informed theory of suppletion.’
- ‘In the first part of the paper, we show that suppletion is not erratic: suppletive forms tend to always appear in groups, in definite areas of verbal paradigms.’
- ‘These patterns of suppletion can be correlated with particular geographical areas, language families, and specific lexemic groups.’
Middle English: from Old French, from medieval Latin suppletio(n-), from supplere ‘fill up, make full’ (see supply).
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