Definition of superscript in English:

superscript

adjective

  • (of a letter, figure, or symbol) written or printed above the line.

    • ‘Let superscript S indicate suburbs and C indicate center cities.’
    • ‘These potential superscript letter combinations appear several other times in the first page of the documents, but a space has been inserted after the preceding number combination.’
    • ‘For instance, aspirated consonants are written with a small superscript h after the symbol for the corresponding unaspirated consonant.’
    • ‘The peso's abbreviation was p, and its plural was sometimes written as ps, and sometimes the P with a superscript s.’

noun

  • A superscript letter, figure, or symbol.

    • ‘Note that superscripts represent ligand sites (if known) and subscripts refer to processes.’
    • ‘A second and even clearer giveaway feature is the appearance of small-font superscripts in words like 117th.’
    • ‘Substantive notes could still have been indicated by numbered superscripts.’
    • ‘We use superscripts and subscripts to distinguish between different SNPs and different alleles within SNPs, respectively.’
    • ‘In the course of time and as a result of the vagaries of handwriting, P became joined with the superscript s, and the peso/dollar sign was born.’
    • ‘In fact, there is a linguistic analog: the use of carets, superscripts, and footnotes - all vertical operations - to embed new information in a finished text.’
    • ‘For the sake of distinction, we use the subscripts to denote the markers and the superscripts to denote the QTL.’
    • ‘For convenience, we consider only the case of two alleles at each of the three loci and the notation in this case is varied to reduce the superscripts and subscripts.’
    • ‘The superscript, when present, indicates how many works have been written for that number of performers.’
    • ‘Haploid sperm from P. lucida (different superscripts represent different males) fertilizes the M egg producing an ML female with the same maternal genome as her mother, but different paternal genome.’
    • ‘In the following, we use superscripts H, S, and D to denote variables measured after haploid selection, syngamy, and diploid selection, respectively.’
    • ‘We use the superscripts m and f to refer to the sex of the individual in which an allele currently resides.’

Origin

Late 19th century (as an adjective): from Latin superscriptus written above past participle of superscribere.

Pronunciation:

superscript

/ˈso͞opərˌskript/