Definition of superbug in English:

superbug

noun

  • 1A strain of bacteria that has become resistant to antibiotic drugs.

    • ‘In July, the most recent superbug, a type of Staphyloccocus aureus, was found in an American patient suffering from a leg ulcer.’
    • ‘Bacteria from the cut-price meat that we eat can remain in the gut for years and, warn scientists, breed superbugs untreatable in humans.’
    • ‘It has helped us to understand why medicines do not always work as we might hope, why irresponsible use of antibiotics has bred superbugs, how the AIDS virus does its terrible work.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, superbugs can also exchange survival secrets with other bacteria, even different species, allowing additional resistant organisms to grow.’
    • ‘After hearing evidence from the World Health Organisation and others in 1997, the EU banned avoparcin because of fears about resistant superbugs spreading from poultry to humans.’
    • ‘However, infants born prematurely are at a greater risk from superbugs caused by the very antibiotics that are supposed to be reducing their risk of infection.’
    • ‘The coating is important because it prevents colonization of the tissue by bacteria, such as the superbug MRSA.’
    • ‘The C. difficile bacteria causes severe diarrhea and may have mutated into a virulent superbug over the past couple of years, according to reports.’
    • ‘Resistance can lead to the creation of a superbug and is one of the reasons penicillin has traditionally been used.’
    • ‘Several types of bacteria found by the five-person team produce an antibiotic that acts against the notorious hospital superbug, MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus.)’
    • ‘A superfit Royal Marine collapsed and died within days of scratching his leg on a bush while on a training run - victim of a mutated superbug one doctor described as the worst she had ever seen.’
    • ‘The government last week put a crackdown on hospital cleanliness at the centre of its fight against the superbug MRSA, which kills an estimated 5,000 in-patients every year in the UK.’
    • ‘As a result, the antibiotic-resistant bacteria - also known as superbugs - no longer respond to first- or even second-choice antibiotic therapy.’
    • ‘The winter vomiting bug and the so called superbug [MRSA] are almost exclusively passed between patients attending hospitals.’
    • ‘When she went to hospital to have the wound examined she was informed that she was infected with a strain of staph bacteria, similar to the MRSA superbug.’
    • ‘Recent breakthroughs, including the sequencing of the genome of an important bacterium and the discovery of a key to antibiotic resistance in one of the superbugs, are promising advancements.’
    • ‘And scientists in the UK are looking for new ways to deal with antibiotic resistant hospital superbugs.’
    • ‘More than 340 delegates are expected to debate around 70 motions, which also include tackling the hospital superbug, MRSA.’
    • ‘In mutant form, superbugs can wreak havoc in hospitals and rest homes, infecting open wounds and forcing the closure of wards and operating theatres.’
    • ‘The adjoining bathroom was off-limits thanks to a suspected superbug case in the next room.’
    1. 1.1 An insect that is difficult to control or eradicate, especially because it has become immune to insecticides.
      • ‘As for superbugs - agricultural pests or bacteria that have become immune to pesticides or antibiotics from overuse - he says inadequate effort has been made to detect them.’
      • ‘The emergence of such superbugs, which experts have long predicted, poses a grave threat.’
  • 2A bacterium that is useful in biotechnology, typically one that has been genetically engineered to enhance its usefulness for a particular purpose.

Pronunciation:

superbug

/ˈso͞opərˌbəɡ/