Definition of sunburn in English:

sunburn

noun

  • Reddening, inflammation, and, in severe cases, blistering and peeling of the skin caused by overexposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

    • ‘While not as common as sunburn, skin cancer is also caused by over exposure to the sun and can be prevented by the same methods.’
    • ‘When I was a kid, I had severe sunburns and skin cancer is in my family.’
    • ‘These health effects include sunburn, skin cancer, cataracts and immune suppression.’
    • ‘You're likely familiar with two of the more common sun-induced changes to your skin: suntan and sunburn.’
    • ‘Severe sunburn in childhood can significantly increase the chances of developing malignant melanoma in later life.’
    • ‘Sun exposure in childhood and having more than one blistering sunburn in childhood are associated with an increased risk of melanoma.’
    • ‘Arthritis, asthma and severe skin reactions to poison ivy or sunburn are just some of the disorders these drugs treat.’
    • ‘Medical authorities recommend such measures to reduce the risk of sunburn and potential skin cancer due to prolonged exposure to the sun.’
    • ‘For example, a severe sunburn with peeling skin shows p53 in action causing programmed cell death of the skin.’
    • ‘Silicon and other minerals in oats help relieve the itching and inflammation of sunburn, says Cox.’
    • ‘Then research showed that a severe sunburn or continuously tanned skin increases a person's chance of developing skin cancer.’
    • ‘The immediate effect of acute excess UV radiation exposure is well recognized amongst the lay public as severe sunburn.’
    • ‘Severe sunburn can cause red, sore, tender areas with blistering and peeling.’
    • ‘Finally, a man was admitted to hospital with severe sunburn.’
    • ‘It is also known that melanoma, a potentially fatal skin cancer, is associated with blistering sunburns in childhood.’
    • ‘Children who have had a lot of sunburns or two blistering sunburns are at a greater risk for getting skin cancer.’
    • ‘This may result in severe sunburn that eventually may lead to cancer.’
    • ‘One severe sunburn early in life doubles the chances of future malignant melanoma.’
    • ‘UVB causes sunburn and plays a significant role in skin cancers called basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.’
    • ‘Scores of Scots, including several children, needed hospital treatment for severe sunburn during last week's spell of hot weather.’

verb

be sunburned
  • 1(of a person or bodily part) suffer from sunburn.

    ‘most of us managed to get sunburnt’
    • ‘The scuffed skate shoes, blonde-streaked ponytails and collars pulled up over sunburned necks were nothing out of the ordinary.’
    burnt, peeling, inflamed, red, scarlet, blistered, blistering
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1usually as adjective sunburned" or "sunburnt Ruddy from exposure to the sun.
      ‘a handsome sunburned face’
      • ‘She is in her 70's, sunburnt, with a funny scar on her left arm that looks like it got caught in a giant zipper.’
      • ‘I spare you the details and painful visuals of father and two sunburnt daughters walking for two hours to reach their beach destination.’
      • ‘You can determine the direction of the grain by locating the brown, sunburned side of the hole (due to the exposed roots) and know the grass is growing in that direction.’
      • ‘After telling my story of the previous day and evening and throwing the empty vodka bottle in the trash, a very sunburned Debbie and I, headed out to dinner at the Rockdell.’
      • ‘‘It has been the most successful marine event ever held in our city,’ a very sunburnt mayor of Waterford, Cllr Oliver Clery, said.’
      • ‘Sitting in the lobby of Taj Coromandel and sipping a rich brew of cappuccino, pony-tailed and wearing sunburnt, athletic skin of a western beach boy, Nadaka seems far removed from the austerity of Auroville.’
      • ‘On the level of slang, a redneck is a stereotypical member of the white rural working class in the Southern US, originally a reference to sunburned necks from working in the fields.’
      • ‘Émile Zola admired their fine clear skin, like that of girls of the north of France, he thought, in contrast to the peaches from the Midi which were yellow and sunburned like the girls of that region.’
      • ‘These conditions are challenging - retaining acidity and preventing sunburnt fruit are two of the main problems - but the abundance of very young vines is still a huge factor limiting the overall quality.’
      • ‘For sunburned skin or after exposure to strong sunshine, experts recommend a Swedish massage with Oil of Frankincense, blended with geranium and calming lavender.’
      • ‘The delicate skin of the lips can easily become sunburned.’
      • ‘But this time round, their journey was far from calm and saw some sunburned faces turn rapidly into paler shades of green.’
      • ‘He looked terrible - completely sunburnt from the hard labour - and the lice are unbelievable.’
      • ‘This was unforgivable form - but I was hot, sweating, badly sunburnt, my feet were freezing, wet and blistered, I was frantic with thirst, hungry and utterly dispirited.’
      • ‘I finally emerge, sunburned and blinking, into the glare of an urban antiseptic airport in Melbourne, Australia.’
      • ‘Pale is beautiful in China - it marks out upmarket consumers from the country's 900 million sunburnt peasants.’
      • ‘Separated, bought and sold numerous times, forced to travel hundreds of agonising miles, barefoot or bareback on camels, the mariners became human wrecks, starved, crippled, sick and sunburnt.’
      • ‘She swung her skinny, sunburned legs out from beneath the covers.’
      • ‘He returned after some time, with a sunburned face.’
      tanned, suntanned, brown, bronzed, bronze, browned, perma-tanned, weather-beaten
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2[no object] Suffer from sunburn.
      ‘a complexion that sunburned easily’
      • ‘A sunscreen with a SPF of 15 allows one to be outdoors for up to 15 times longer before the skin would sunburn.’
      • ‘This risk is in part compounded when a person has a tendency to sunburn rather than tan and also has a history of cumulative sun exposure.’
      • ‘He noted that the depigmented areas sunburned easily, causing considerable discomfort and restricting his ability to work outdoors or pursue other outdoor activities.’
      • ‘Well, the fairer skinned you are, the easier you sunburn, the more poorly you tan, the higher your risk.’
      • ‘We do know that adults with light skin, light colored hair and eyes, and those who sunburn easily are most likely to get skin cancer.’
      • ‘It is common in people who have red hair and in those who sunburn.’
      • ‘Taking too much off at once starves the roots and may cause new lower leaves to sunburn.’
      • ‘Sitting on the beach, on the north end of Monterosso, we all start to sunburn like Brits on holiday.’
      • ‘Avoid hanging them in direct sunlight as their tender leaves and blossoms will soon sunburn and die.’
      • ‘One problem with tretinoin is increased sensitivity to sunburn.’

Pronunciation

sunburn

/ˈsənˌbərn/