Definition of sum up in US English:

sum up

phrasal verb

  • 1Give a brief summary.

    ‘Gerard will open the debate and I will sum up’
    • ‘The merest flick of her perfectly-manicured hands can sum up whatever idea she is trying to express.’
    • ‘Propping his bicycle outside the Cheese Shop, Henry Smith sums up the views of many in the market town.’
    • ‘Andrew Gimson in the Telegraph sums up precisely what this means for the election.’
    • ‘It is just that the title of this post sums up today's happenings in a very good way.’
    • ‘To sum up… your record collection needs this record as much as you do.’
    • ‘And those brief details sum up half a century in the life of Bobby Bell, so little is known about him.’
    • ‘Lance Wright's closing remarks did not record well, so instead he agreed to sum up his points in an interview.’
    • ‘This editorial in El Pais neatly sums up what's been revealed to date.’
    • ‘The report sums up the first full investigation into concerns which a number of maritime organisations felt had been ignored.’
    • ‘It's a good little story because it sums up many of the personally satisfying things about working on the edition.’
    • ‘Huntington sums up rather well the excesses that the chronic anger of the Left leads to.’
    • ‘A brief conclusion does a fine job summing up the book and its arguments.’
    • ‘Jack Kelly sums up nicely why the coming war is moral, necessary, and can't come too soon.’
    • ‘It was a similar thought that inspired the faint glimmer of hope expressed at the end of Arthur Koestler's own bleak summing up of the contemporary situation.’
    • ‘The Lord Chancellor, in an outstanding speech summing up the two-day debate in the Lords, expressed the same view.’
    • ‘Although this article by Andrew Oswald appeared in the Times some time ago it sums up most of the arguments why congestion charging is a good idea.’
    • ‘The benign, old Munshi sums up the topic with a short, wry remark, a telling commentary on the state of affairs.’
    • ‘A recent book about it entitled The Lost State of Franklin sums up the fate of the movement in its title.’
    • ‘This comment precisely sums up what is expected of a historian when he writes down a narration or a report or a book.’
    • ‘Stuart Herdson, Bradford secretary for the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, sums up the criticisms.’
    summarize, give a summary of, make a summary of, precis, give an abstract of, encapsulate, outline, give an outline of, recap, recapitulate, review, put in a nutshell, condense, abridge, digest, synopsize, compress, give the gist
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    1. 1.1Law (of a judge) review the evidence at the end of a case and direct the jury regarding points of law.
      • ‘As the learned judge said in his summing up to the jury, motive is irrelevant; intention is important.’
      • ‘Perhaps if I could draw your Honours' attention to page 13 of the application book, paragraph 45, where the crucial nature of this issue was summed up by the learned trial judge.’
      • ‘Judge Russell then sums up the facts and the arguments presented to the jury.’
      • ‘At the beginning of his summing up, he also directed the jury in standard terms as to the onus on the Crown.’
      • ‘It was therefore rather surprising to me when His Honour Judge Denison summed up to the jury that any military use would do.’
      summarize the evidence, review the evidence, give a summing-up, summarize the argument
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