Definition of subsume in English:



  • Include or absorb (something) in something else.

    ‘most of these phenomena can be subsumed under two broad categories’
    • ‘In this state of affairs one wonders why such a regime is subsumed under the heading of democracy and not domination?’
    • ‘It is a kind of enveloping void that subsumes the senses into a kind of frozen present.’
    • ‘Their art works, that comprise digital re-photographed reproductions, are an attempt to link memory and subject, subsuming memory as archival material that transcends barriers to be utilised globally.’
    • ‘This is yet another step along the way to the ultimate goal of the European Union where nation states are subsumed into a federal European super state.’
    • ‘He had come to discuss the Big One, the euro, which could become legal tender everywhere from the Shetlands to Sardinia, subsuming the pound, the Deutschmark, the franc and other EU currencies.’
    • ‘What she wants or does not want is subsumed in absolute indifference and the great overarching project of finding the perfect negation of ego.’
    • ‘White suggested that causal beliefs subsume the notion of causal mechanism, but also include other concepts such as causal power, releasing condition, and liability.’
    • ‘It subsumes mountain ranges, valleys and flatlands at an elevation range of more than 6,000 feet.’
    • ‘Teleological theories draw from the efforts of the individual agent to distinguish the real from the apparent good, and to harmonize conflicting impulses by subsuming them under a comprehensive conception of the good.’
    • ‘On the one hand, in common usage, the term ‘grammar’ metonymically represents linguistic organization, even language itself, tacitly subsuming areas such as vocabulary and pronunciation.’
    • ‘At times of heightened threat perception, the assertion of values mounts and subsumes careful calculation of interests.’
    • ‘It is an admirable effort but it carries with it certain problems of style subsuming content.’
    • ‘For me, at least, and surely for many others, perhaps more than is realized offhand, the entirety of the song is needed, and the entirety subsumes the particulars.’
    • ‘Three important elements are subsumed under the first branch of the test.’
    • ‘But with personal greed subsuming any sense of noblesse oblige or the national interest, it is time the hallowed romance of titled wealth was dispelled.’
    • ‘Flat-out work subsumed normal existence to the extent that the cast barely believed they were living in the metropolis at all.’
    • ‘It's at the coast that the tensions of small-town life are subsumed by the thrill and excitement of surging surf.’
    • ‘The duties of a Buddhist monk are subsumed, and, by extension, so is his connection to the master monk.’
    • ‘Business leaders would lose no time in pointing out the obvious: that for business to succeed it has to be keenly attuned to a market place that subsumes myriad customer tastes, concerns and preferences.’
    • ‘One of the things I inferred from the article was that the author felt that de Beauvoir was somehow living the open relationship because it was what Sartre wanted, subsuming her own desires and mores to his, as it were.’
    include, encompass, embrace, contain, comprise, cover, incorporate, embody, comprehend, subsume, envelop
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Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘subjoin, add’): from medieval Latin subsumere, from sub- ‘from below’ + sumere ‘take’. The current sense dates from the early 19th century.