Definition of strophe in English:



  • 1The first section of an ancient Greek choral ode or of one division of it.

    Compare with antistrophe and epode (sense 2)
    • ‘Frequency and strophe length were measured in narrow and wide band modes, respectively.’
    • ‘One female sang two short strophes of a typically male song.’
    • ‘We measured song repertoire size as the number of different song figures in 25 consecutive song strophes.’
    • ‘The distance between the two vertical arrows indicates the strophe length.’
    • ‘It puts an end to the cyclic character of the six strophes and opens the door back into quotidian time.’
    • ‘Most celebrated were the Epodes, songs in simple strophes usually made up of a hexameter or iambic trimeter plus one or two shorter cola.’
    • ‘For example, in Schubert's Heidenröslein three verses, or strophes, are set to the same melody, with no alterations to the voice part or the piano accompaniment.’
    stanza, stave, canto
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A structural division of a poem containing stanzas of varying line-length, especially an ode or free verse poem.
      • ‘An ‘aria’ was distinguished from a ‘madrigal’ in having a strophic text, with the same music, or a variation of it, set to each strophe.’
      • ‘Fourthly, there is a subtle, but powerful alliteration in the fourth line of the second strophe, ‘Amidst an ocean full of flying fishes’.’
      • ‘The most usual skaldic metre is ‘dróttkvaett ’, a strophe which consists of eight six-syllable lines, each ending in a trochee.’
      • ‘Syllabic verse is generally organized in four-line strophes, whereas the number of lines in a rosc passage is not fixed.’
      • ‘The poem's initial strophe is careful, slow-moving, tonally sophisticated, and somewhat puzzling.’
      • ‘The poem's closing strophe shows how Kaufman had become a master in capturing the lyrical qualities of the music and bringing them to bear in his poetry.’
      • ‘Such are the strophes exchanged between America's intellectual divinities.’
      • ‘Her specific topics are seen as well in the first strophe, along with a judgment of the quality of her voice.’
      • ‘Though the poems were in a European habit, Bialik imbues them with Biblical strophes, as well as prophetic metaphor, syntax, and meter.’
      • ‘In some strophes of the poem I tried to depict the tempest, followed by the calm of the sea.’
      • ‘There are surreal poems like ‘Battle Report,’ with its opening strophe.’
      • ‘The order in strophe one appears in stanza two as 6 i, 5 2, 4 3.’
      • ‘He believes that the syllable count of poetic lines, strophes, stanzas, and poems was essential to the writing of biblical poetry.’
      • ‘It deals with the time factor employed in or between lines or units or strophes of poetry.’


Early 17th century: from Greek strophē, literally ‘turning’, from strephein ‘to turn’: the term originally denoted a movement from right to left made by a Greek chorus, or lines of choral song recited during this.