One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An extinct, sessile, corallike marine organism of uncertain relationship that built up calcareous masses composed of laminae and pillars, occurring from the Cambrian to the Cretaceous.
- ‘Other faunal elements include colonial and solitary corals, encrusting bryozoans, stromatoporoids, and rare brachiopods.’
- ‘The main victims were the major reef-building organisms: the stromatoporoid sponges, and rugose and tabulate corals.’
- ‘However, in many reefal carbonates stromatoporoids are the only recognizable fossils available to the biostratigrapher.’
- ‘The stromatoporoids had massive calcareous skeletons that are preserved as rather conspicuous fossils.’
- ‘Nevertheless the rugose corals remained subsidiary components of reefs relative to tabulate corals and stromatoporoids.’
Late 19th century: from modern Latin Stromatopora (genus name), from stroma, stromat- ‘layer, covering’ + -pora.
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