Definition of streptomycin in US English:

streptomycin

noun

Medicine
  • An antibiotic that was the first drug to be successful against tuberculosis but is now chiefly used with other drugs because of its toxic side effects.

    This antibiotic is produced by the bacterium Streptomyces griseus

    • ‘Treatment is with tetracycline (as doxycycline) and streptomycin for 6 weeks.’
    • ‘All the patients had bacilli sensitive to streptomycin, isoniazid and rifampicin initially.’
    • ‘The preferred and most effective drug of choice to treat tularemia is streptomycin or gentamicin.’
    • ‘In its early stages, leptospirosis can be treated with antibiotics such as penicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline and erythromycin.’
    • ‘These include the antibiotics polymyxin B sulfate, streptomycin sulfate, chlortetracycline hydrochloride and neomycin sulfate.’

Pronunciation

streptomycin

/ˌstrɛptəˈmaɪs(ɪ)n//ˌstreptəˈmīs(i)n/