Definition of stramonium in US English:



  • A preparation of the dried leaves or poisonous seeds of the jimson weed, with medical and other uses.

    • ‘In 1944, I used to treat my Parkinsonism patients with tincture of stramonium (from jimsonweed) which was the only drug that we had.’
    • ‘In Datura stramonium, no effect of inbreeding could be detected on resistance to two herbivores.’
    • ‘Other herbaceous plants included Abutilon theophrasti, Cycloloma atriplicifolium, Datura stramonium and Xanthium strumarium and the planted Maclura pomifera.’
    • ‘The vivid imageries encountered with stramonium intoxication appear to be of simple objects such as flowers, small people, animals, or colors.’
    • ‘The most common ingredients prescribed were iodides, organic nitrites, stramonium, belladonna, atropine, hyoscyamus, tobacco smoke, and menthol.’


Mid 17th century: modern Latin (part of the plant's binomial), perhaps an alteration of Tatar turman ‘horse medicine’.