Main definitions of spray in English

: spray1spray2

spray1

noun

  • 1Liquid that is blown or driven through the air in the form of tiny drops.

    ‘a torrent of white foam and spray’
    ‘a fine spray of mud’
    • ‘Anyone who has swum in one knows that particular pleasure of suspension between nature and culture, of being in an enclosed body of water as spray breaks over the side.’
    • ‘Certainly the story is already clearly for mature audiences, filled with plenty of naked women and arterial spray.’
    • ‘Applications should be made by ground equipment using a minimum spray volume of 10 gallons of spray per acre.’
    • ‘It thunders under me, smudges my vision with drifts of spray.’
    • ‘It sees storm clouds torn from their moorings and smashed against the ground with a minutely escalating, hissing swirl of arterial spray, then morphing into a jackhammer pulse.’
    • ‘His glasses were misted over with salt spray blown from the harbour.’
    • ‘In truth there are probably only one or two frames where you can see a flash of red spray.’
    • ‘Who can take interest in anything when every arterial spray is so completely highlighted, yet so meaningless?’
    • ‘They doused the boaters with spray from their rooster tails.’
    • ‘There's nothing like a good arterial spray to get things going.’
    • ‘The base of the tower meets the sea in a haze of bushes and sea spray, almost hiding the keeper's white-washed cottage.’
    • ‘A fine spray of medicine in liquid form then shoots out the front at 520 miles per hour.’
    • ‘Ocean air and sea spray can affect packaging and its contents.’
    • ‘Evenflow nozzles are used for banding and provide an even amount of spray.’
    • ‘This may result from drifting spray or a heavy rain that washes recently applied chemicals into the pond.’
    • ‘Splashes of ocean spray open the movie, as a fish narrates.’
    • ‘A solid surf beats against the breakwater, swashing spray on the sidewalk vendors and strolling passers-by.’
    • ‘The white of the paper looks as though it has been pushed into the liquid spray of charcoal.’
    • ‘The house deteriorates faster because of constant storms, salt spray, and horizontal rain.’
    • ‘Yet there's no spray on your face, no fresh river air to enjoy.’
    shower, sprinkling, sprinkle, spritz, jet, mist, drizzle, droplets
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    1. 1.1 A liquid preparation which can be forced out of a can or other container in tiny drops.
      ‘a can of insect spray’
      • ‘We Floridians know what that means: humidity and lots of bug spray to keep the mosquitoes away.’
      • ‘Applying liquid sprays to dry feathers often results in loss of some of the insecticide due to runoff.’
      • ‘When the movie starts, she looks like a clown, with buckets of spray holding her hair in place and makeup caking her features.’
      • ‘A job offer, and an edit room that was in a closet that still reeked of the art department's adhesive spray.’
      • ‘Electrolyte tolerant, can be used with sprays containing micronutrients or nitrogen-based fertilizers.’
      • ‘Blood flows as easy as ant spray at the Tavern, but in a really squeamish, sickening way.’
      • ‘Like a graffiti artist, he uses paint, spray and acrylic to give it a very contemporary look.’
      • ‘It also comes as a disinfectant spray and as a liquid cleaner.’
      • ‘I've found it's easiest to glue the pattern to the contact paper while on top of the glass with glue spray.’
      • ‘Geisel, who had sold bug spray and motor oil through humor was the prefect recruit for this task.’
      • ‘Top black celebrities have moved beyond roach spray and brew to endorse a wider variety of wares.’
    2. 1.2 A can or container holding a spray.
      • ‘They stock a comprehensive selection of acid-free items, from photograph albums and storage boxes to deacidification sprays.’
      • ‘In addition to sprays, dust bags can be used for lice control.’
      • ‘So basically, if this one goes into deployment, what you're going to have is a bunch of soldiers with a whole load of bees in a jar and a little spray.’
      • ‘I tell Mother all the time that selling some old fashioned spray might not be a bad idea.’
      atomizer, vaporizer, aerosol, sprinkler
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    3. 1.3 An act of applying a spray.
      ‘refresh your flowers with a quick spray’
      • ‘However, most calculations can be done once per year; there is no need to recalculate for every spray.’
      • ‘They used a barrel washer to remove most of the soil from their carrots, followed by a power washer spray as a final rinse.’
      • ‘A high-tech car wash (all spray, no brush) aims to become the Starbucks of drive through suds.’
      • ‘The hose extends 30 inches and has a rotating head for spray or aerated water flow.’

verb

  • 1with object and adverbial of direction Apply (liquid) to someone or something in the form of a shower of tiny drops.

    ‘the product can be sprayed onto wet or dry hair’
    • ‘The weedkiller is being sprayed on villages in a concentration 100 times more powerful than is permitted in the US.’
    • ‘A thin asphalt-based paint can be sprayed on if a darker colored surface is desired for cosmetic reasons.’
    • ‘As I listened to Dolan explain his methods, I wondered if it had something to do with the chemicals that are normally sprayed on wine grapes or the additives that go into traditional wines.’
    • ‘What's more, because the organics can be sprayed on the plastic, it should be possible to produce the LCDs on continuous roll-to-roll printing presses, similar to those used to print newspapers.’
    • ‘It was just jiggled and had water being sprayed on it for rain.’
    • ‘The mix is then strained, and the resulting tea-colored liquid is sprayed on foliage.’
    • ‘While jostling in the drum, they are sprayed with a sugary liquid that hardens into a white candy shell.’
    • ‘Materials of various colors or properties are suspended in a solution that is then sprayed or deposited upon the substrate and ‘dries’ much like an ink on paper.’
    • ‘Because it can be unpleasant to be sprayed with water, irrigation should be done when people and pets are not present.’
    • ‘In comparison to spraying water only, all drift retardants tested reduced volume of portion of small droplets in the spray but at varying magnitudes.’
    • ‘The recently-engaged star had been chatting to journalists when he was suddenly sprayed in the face with water by a man holding a microphone.’
    • ‘Between cladding and structure is a sandwich of waterproofing, insulation and concrete, which was sprayed over steel reinforcement and wire mesh stretched between the steel ribs.’
    • ‘Their stage shows were infamous for lots of drink being sprayed on the crowd and excessive amounts of swearing.’
    • ‘The liquid form is mixed with water and sprayed on the water surface or injected below the surface.’
    • ‘In order to get the image of the back of the room where there was less light, I had to spray everything in the front of the room with water to darken it so I could hold that area back.’
    • ‘Some were left in ambient room conditions, and others were sprayed with water - both with and without a wetting agent to improve water absorption.’
    • ‘It sprayed me with water and I almost stepped on it.’
    • ‘The insulation can be sprayed in wet or blown in dry, is fire resistant, and comes with a lifetime warranty.’
    • ‘Seconds are critical when someone is sprayed with liquid ammonia.’
    • ‘He sprays a huge water gun at dead pigs, to dissolve their blood clots.’
    sprinkle, shower, spritz, spread in droplets, spatter
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    1. 1.1 Sprinkle or cover (someone or something) with a shower of tiny drops of liquid.
      ‘she sprayed herself with perfume’
      • ‘Standing on a chair, fully dressed, he sprayed his head and upper body with shaving lather, dowsed himself with rice, and then plunged into a washtub.’
      • ‘Scott had not warned the cast what would happen when the creature burst from John Hurt's chest - that they would all be sprayed with pig's blood - because he wanted their reactions to be real.’
      • ‘He intermixes shots of neon-lit signs with glossy images of models blithely spraying themselves with perfume.’
      sprinkle, shower, spritz, spread in droplets, spatter
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2no object , with adverbial of direction (of liquid) be driven through the air or forced out of something in tiny drops.
      ‘water sprayed into the air’
      • ‘Damage ensues, with water leaking in and spraying about.’
      • ‘The tide was in, and it washed under us and around, spraying through the holes in the floor, giving us the rhythm and the flavor of the sea.’
      • ‘By forcing the blood to fly out of the extra hole instead of the end of the tube it sprays out rather than jets out.’
      • ‘This is what we call spraying to the point of runoff, that is, until water begins to drip off the leaves.’
      • ‘The researchers inventoried the cages for dead sharpshooters at 6 hours and at 1, 2, and 6 days after spraying.’
      • ‘Birds have to be removed from the building before spraying.’
      • ‘The single most effective strategy to reduce drift from aerial spraying is having aircraft operators who are carefully trained to make good decisions on when to spray and when to stop spraying.’
      • ‘The blood literally comes spraying and pouring out of bodies in this film (the queasy of stomach should take note).’
      • ‘The main challenge was to find a simple way to irrigate the planting without resorting to spraying from the front, which the Tokyo authorities would not permit.’
      • ‘Right now, because of safety concerns, workers must wait 24 to 48 hours after spraying before they can re-enter the greenhouse.’
      • ‘There are no punters, just about a dozen staff circulating amiably: spraying, wiping, tightening, bantering.’
      • ‘The water domes were to make musical sounds as the water sprayed.’
      • ‘Be sure the entire tank is agitated and mixed before spraying.’
      • ‘Treat roosts, walls, litter, and equipment by painting, spraying, or dusting.’
      • ‘The camera twice pauses on a riveting image of a dying knight, blood spraying from his punctured armor.’
      • ‘Figures in industrial protective outfits go about their business, cleaning up the mountainous terrain, spraying, collecting.’
      spout, jet, gush, spurt, shoot, squirt, stream
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    3. 1.3 Treat (a plant) with insecticide or herbicide in a spray.
      ‘avoid spraying your plants with pesticides’
      • ‘If you are planning to spray the weeds in the spring, you need to do it when these weeds are small, preferably before they start bolting.’
      • ‘Unlike in 1999, the 2000 soybeans from the early planting dates had to be sprayed for bean leaf beetle.’
      • ‘Tests showed that mite-infested ferns had one-fourth the growth of plants sprayed with a miticide.’
      • ‘We recently turned to trying to spray thinning flowers instead of hand-thinning methods that we used to use, and that is always interesting.’
      • ‘Match the sprayer air jet (volume and direction) and nozzle system to the trees being sprayed.’
      • ‘In order to increase efficiency and yields farmers are relying on a whole array of chemical products and are often unwilling to stop harvesting to let workers out of the fields while the crop is being sprayed.’
      • ‘He tills the ground, plants the sweet corn and pumpkins, sprays the crops, and irrigates the sweet corn with a small center pivot that does 15 acres at a setting.’
      • ‘Many fields already had significant weed growth and need to be sprayed.’
      • ‘‘Sunflowers that people planted this spring looked like they'd been sprayed with herbicide,’ Kelly reports.’
      • ‘Crops containing a herbicide-resistant gene will be sprayed to destroy every other living plant in the field, thus destroying all potential feed for insects and other wildlife.’
      • ‘This year some will need to be sprayed before 30 days.’
      • ‘A small grain is planted solid and later sprayed with glyphosate over the intended row area.’
      • ‘Musk thistle should be sprayed before Memorial Day.’
      • ‘So far, the only known treatment to prevent crop loss is to spray soybean plants with a fungicide.’
      • ‘Of course if you want the best control you need to spray the weeds before they bolt in the spring.’
      • ‘Winter annuals can typically be sprayed from late September to early December, weather permitting.’
      • ‘Lester says sometimes he'll spray his trees with a little fish emulsion to give them a boost right before they bloom.’
      • ‘‘I've sprayed my Roundup beans twice this summer and I can see corn still growing in the fields,’ he said.’
      • ‘On yet another front, his team is monitoring how long it takes for it to kick in once the plants have been sprayed and how long it is effective.’
      • ‘‘The potted tree is sprayed or injected with an insecticide - inside a greenhouse or warehouse - and then transported to an area believed to be infested,’ says Smith.’
    4. 1.4 Scatter (something) somewhere with great force.
      ‘the truck shuddered to a halt, spraying gravel from under its wheels’
      • ‘With no time to get out of the way, the heroes begin driving over the corpses, spraying the road with body parts, and making ‘funny’ quips about the situation.’
      • ‘Four abject stereotypes with guns chase him down corridors, spraying bullets and whooping with redneck glee.’
      • ‘Everything went on as it had, emotions scattered, crews sprayed turf onto embankments, lights went off remotely.’
      • ‘In the next lot, the Audi TT sprayed two white jets of nitrous oxide out of vents just below its headlights.’
      • ‘Seconds before it hits the ground it sprays a watery mix of ammonium nitrate and aluminium over the target area and then ignites it in a massive explosion.’
      • ‘Just spray bullets everywhere and all of the extras will fall over on cue.’
    5. 1.5 Fire a rapid succession of bullets at.
      ‘enemy gunners sprayed the decks of the warships’
      • ‘In January, assailants sprayed the building with bullets, shattering doors and windows.’
    6. 1.6 (of a male cat) direct a stream of urine over (an object or area) to mark a territory.
    7. 1.7 (in a sporting context) kick, hit, or throw (the ball) in an unpredictable or inaccurate direction.
      ‘he began his round by spraying his fairway shots’

Origin

Early 17th century (earlier as spry): related to Middle Dutch spra(e)yen ‘sprinkle’.

Pronunciation

spray

/spreɪ//sprā/

Main definitions of spray in English

: spray1spray2

spray2

noun

  • 1A stem or small branch of a tree or plant, bearing flowers and foliage.

    ‘a spray of honeysuckle’
    • ‘In the watercolor and gouache of Joel with Roses, a spray of ripe blooms nearly fills the picture.’
    • ‘At the end of that painting, she thought it needed a spray of leaves going up one side, the right side of the picture.’
    sprig, small stem, twig, branch
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    1. 1.1 A bunch of cut flowers arranged in an attractive way.
      • ‘The body of the guglet is also scattered with floral bouquets and sprays and its pouring rim is banded with acanthus scrolls.’
      bouquet, bunch, posy, nosegay, corsage
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    2. 1.2 A brooch in the form of a bouquet of flowers.

Origin

Middle English: representing late Old English (e)sprei, recorded in personal and place names, of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

spray

/spreɪ//sprā/