Definition of specialization in English:

specialization

noun

  • 1The process of concentrating on and becoming expert in a particular subject or skill.

    ‘the division and specialization of labor’
    ‘a period of increasing specialization in the field of medicine’
    • ‘They are reversing the trend toward specialization, finding instead that broadening their options is helping them compete.’
    • ‘In our age of increased specialization, Smith demonstrates the unexpected energy that is generated from the synthesis of disciplines.’
    • ‘This shows that specialisation in education should occur on the basis of demonstrable abilities.’
    • ‘The current mechanisms have encouraged intensification and specialisation of farming methods.’
    • ‘We will take account both of your previous qualifications and of the nature of your preferred area of specialisation.’
    1. 1.1 A particular area which someone concentrates on or is an expert in.
      ‘an academic whose specialization was Romantic literature’
      ‘a biologist and ecologist with a specialization in butterflies’
      • ‘His specialization in finite element analysis led him to start his own company.’
      • ‘Our specialization includes sustainable practices and materials, so we have been very busy.’
      • ‘I spent two years looking for a job in my specialisation.’
      • ‘Many physicians in these specializations have a desire to collaborate with psychotherapists.’
      • ‘One of the specializations we know least about is marquetry.’
    2. 1.2Biology The adaptation of an organ or part to serve a special function or to suit a particular way of life.
      ‘the way different muscles are constructed allows for specialization of function’
      count noun ‘bats show elegant physiological specializations in the auditory sphere’
      • ‘Trade-offs in fitness on different host plants has been a central hypothesis in explaining the evolutionary specialization of herbivores.’
      • ‘Such a study would be a fruitful avenue to study the evolution of diet specialization.’
      • ‘The earliest structures interpreted as feathers do not show aerodynamic specializations, as they lack vanes and don't form an aerofoil.’
      • ‘A prerequisite for plant specialization is that differences among pollinators eventually translate into differential plant reproductive success.’
      • ‘They describe the nature of clonal habitat specialization in this species.’

Pronunciation