Definition of spare in US English:



  • 1Additional to what is required for ordinary use.

    ‘few people had spare cash for inessentials’
    • ‘At the end of most days, I empty my pockets of all my spare change and deposit all coins under £1 into his money box.’
    • ‘Make sure that you know how to switch off the mains supply at the fuse box, and store spare fuses in a handy place.’
    • ‘Ask that extra, spare equipment be included for your computer training class!’
    • ‘Some were defective when they arrived in the theater and lacked enough spare parts to effect repairs.’
    • ‘I opened the door with my spare key and stepped inside my dark house.’
    • ‘By the spring of 1995, two spare trading pits had been built in an industrial section of Queens.’
    • ‘My spare trainers (alternatives to the ones which still dangle over the front garden, stinking like a couple of dead rats) are relatively easy to find.’
    • ‘It was very cold there, but luckily I had those spare clothes just perfect for the occasion, so I did not freeze outside.’
    • ‘In reality the schemes are flawed because people don't have this kind of spare money, therefore a cheap, fairer scheme is required.’
    • ‘There was always spare food for seconds, as well as thirds and sometimes fourths.’
    • ‘Many Beninese enjoy soft drinks and beer, but these require spare cash.’
    • ‘None of their staff would talk to me (and they had spare staff).’
    • ‘Apache always tries to maintain several spare or idle server processes, which are ready to serve incoming requests.’
    • ‘The spare tire is mounted at an angle and folds up with the rear.’
    • ‘Purchase a spare pair of needle nose pliers, regular pliers, a hammer and one of those screwdrivers with all four heads in one handle.’
    • ‘The large, silvery cradle - which has an embedded Dell logo that glows blue when the PDA is connected - has a secondary bay for recharging spare batteries.’
    • ‘He said he was more worried about oil supply bottlenecks, low inventories and, in particular, very low spare output capacity.’
    • ‘In New Zealand, over 400 schools have more than 30 percent spare capacity.’
    • ‘A part of an atom is an electron and in some materials, like metal, atoms can have a few of these spare.’
    • ‘This space is reserved as a spare area for products with all primary defects and some secondary defects.’
    • ‘The other leg compartment was empty, but I think it was to hold spare ammunition or something.’
    extra, supplementary, additional, second, another, alternative, emergency, reserve, backup, relief, fallback, substitute, fresh, auxiliary, ancillary
    surplus, surplus to requirements, superfluous, too many, too much, supernumerary, excessive, in excess, going begging
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Not currently in use or occupied.
      ‘the spare bedroom’
      • ‘Years ago in the midst's of battling other kings lands, King Valric had found the time and spare men to hunt out the seven tribes of the free people.’
      • ‘Their contract with SunGard was supposed to give them daily backups, plus spare space in Hoboken, N.J., in case of dislocation.’
      • ‘T5 owners are not being offered a free memory card - their PDAs have plenty of spare memory, said PalmOne.’
      • ‘Jurys also has significant spare land around many of its Dublin hotels which offer additional future revenue generating opportunities.’
      • ‘He found a counter with some spare room and set the rifle down there, giving it as close an exam as he could in the dim light.’
      • ‘Open crates and various strange pieces of equipment seemed to occupy every spare bit of space.’
      • ‘Keren occupied only one leaving his spare seats free.’
      • ‘It's the only spare seat in the whole classroom.’
      • ‘I found myself fretting almost uncontrollably at the sides of the boys who carried Will to a spare spot under a vacant tree.’
      • ‘Assuming that a spare piece of cloth could be used for nearly anything, she kept the banner as well.’
      • ‘She turned up the heater, turned all vents on the stranger and reached behind her seat for a spare jacket.’
      • ‘Marco actually reached for the spare sheet of paper on Nick's otherwise vacant desk, but Nick brought his fist down hard onto Marco's fingers.’
      • ‘He led her to his motorcycle, pulling up the seat and removing a spare helmet.’
      • ‘When all was done I sat down next to grandpa Mic and waited as people filled the seats around me but there was still a spare chair to my left side.’
      • ‘I've got loans out to three of them, and I told one of them she could move into my spare room if she was tired of her current boyfriend.’
      • ‘Volunteers contribute spare processing time to the project, and currently about 80,000 CPUs are active.’
      • ‘Currently he was wearing Drakes best shirt and Javlin's spare pants.’
      • ‘It's been hard to get a spare second to write with semester finals and the fact that I got a new horse to train.’
      • ‘You do need to open up your case but, since it just requires a spare bracket space, you don't need to worry about slot insertion or other expansion slot issues.’
      • ‘He stepped out into the warm air and sat down on the spare plastic seat.’
      unbooked, unhired, unallocated, unchartered, unoccupied, untaken, free, empty, vacant
      View synonyms
  • 2With no excess fat; thin.

    ‘a spare, bearded figure’
    • ‘Francis, a tall, spare figure and a devout Christian, was to remain in the hot seat.’
    • ‘Empty but not hungry, she felt sleek and spare, like a dragonfly.’
    • ‘Ellen is a small, spare woman with large dark eyes and skin as brown and dry as leather.’
    • ‘A tall, spare man with jet black hair leaned over the counter to greet them.’
    • ‘She was spare featured with a thin mouth and rectangular face.’
    slender, lean
    View synonyms
  • 3Elegantly simple.

    ‘her clothes are smart and spare in style’
    • ‘A committed Catholic, Byrd was able to make his living, and his reputation, writing anthems and services in the vernacular spare style for Anglican worship.’
    • ‘These recordings are spare and simple - just three guys in a room playing clean, clear lines and letting them ring.’
    • ‘The interiors of the units are likewise spare, but evocative at the same time.’
    • ‘The spare, simple production here has little studio gloss - it's near minimalist - and brings Chapman's warm voice to the fore.’
    • ‘Buildings are dotted about a spare landscape resembling a dream-like stage-set; black-clad figures move across the horizon like crows.’
    • ‘Less is definitely more when it comes to dramatizing Hawthorne, and the film is suitably spare and lean, both in style and characterization.’
    • ‘Empty or peopled with bodies, the stage sports the spare, cool stylishness of a contemporary fashion shoot.’
    • ‘Critics usually describe Hemingway's style as simple, spare, and journalistic.’
    • ‘They seek to reduce what they see as needless clutter and eye candy, and to fashion beautifully spare pages, focusing on the most pleasing presentation of text.’
    • ‘The wall works and the floor sculptures complement the walks, which he documents with elegantly spare photographs.’
    • ‘Glazed all along its south side, it offers a simple, spare and sunny series of places that provide a surprising number of possibilities for eating in company.’
    • ‘Shot in black-and-white, this is a visually spare film featuring empty landscapes of sand dunes, sand storms, and unco-operative camels.’
    • ‘Viewed from any angle, or from either bank, the effect is elegantly spare.’
    • ‘Furnishings in the kitchen and sleeping areas are simple and spare.’
    • ‘All the tunes are by the trio's leader, and are characterised by a spare elegance and melodic accessibility which never tips over into the merely saccharine.’
    • ‘It has a beginning, middle, and end, almost a spare and simple story in itself.’
    • ‘Instead, it has changed the way we design with wood and focused architectural commentary on factors like economy of use and elegance in spare detailing.’
    • ‘His musical language is spare in style, its melodies and harmonies based on old church modes and the pentatonic scales of Finnish folk-music.’
    • ‘Watson's drawing style is spare and square, in the literal sense.’
    • ‘It has a distinctly Super Friendz sound: spare guitar work, precise melodies, choral harmonies and explosive drumming.’
    1. 3.1 Meager; nearly inadequate.
      ‘the furnishings were spare and unadorned’
      • ‘The extras that have been included - and they're pretty spare - appear primarily on the second disc.’
      • ‘Another smallish gallery is occupied by a spare installation by Eliasson.’
      • ‘He is reputed to have been a stingy fellow who kept his patients on a spare regime.’
      • ‘The exterior materials are spare; the window frames are narrow and practically disappear.’
      • ‘But it has also become an aesthetic qualification: stripped down, spare, coldly simple.’
      • ‘Precise, spare, and elegantly played by the Kronos Quartet, the music has a harsh beauty that does not soothe.’


  • 1An item kept in case another item of the same type is lost, broken, or worn out.

    • ‘You are left with a payload remainder for water, supplies, spares and camping gear.’
    • ‘I thought it was in case one broke down, then he'd probably use that other one as a spare.’
    • ‘As Caroline continues to complain, her cell phone battery goes dead; she then demands Ed find her spare in her Louis Vuitton bag in the front seat.’
    • ‘Do they sell your make of car in the country you are visiting so spares will be available?’
    • ‘It doesn't hurt to have one spare, but three is a little too much.’
    • ‘After E, above you put the kit back together and have a large box of spares left over.’
    • ‘I think the great problem is that there is no real place for the second in line, to have the heir and then as the newspaper said, the spare.’
    • ‘Everybody in the world should buy all Miyazaki's films twice and then give their spares to each other.’
    • ‘He played his bass like he had five spares waiting backstage.’
    1. 1.1 A spare tire.
      ‘make sure there are no problems with any of the tires, including the spare’
      • ‘You never know when you may need to change a flat tire and use the spare.’
      • ‘The manual recommends even for pavement not to use the spare for long.’
      • ‘This might let you add enough air to get you home to change the spare at leisure.’
      • ‘They patched the tire, replaced the spare in its hidey-spot under the car, and charged me only $25.’
      • ‘You put two cases of beer, two suitcases and a real spare, not one of the doughnuts.’
  • 2(in tenpin bowling) an act of knocking down all the pins with two consecutive rolls of the ball.

    • ‘He started with a 3-10 spare in the first frame before rolling six consecutive strikes.’
    • ‘After her first turn, she'd decided to get the five gutter balls out of the way and missed the first ball, then got a spare.’
    • ‘The new balls made strikes much easier, so bowlers began to pay less attention to the complex skill of getting spares.’
    • ‘However, by the sixth frame, she had four strikes and several spares, and my chances of winning weren't looking too great.’
    • ‘He knocked down nine pins with his first ball, then picked up the spare.’
    • ‘This bowling alley has fun graphics to indicate strikes and spares, a loud beep when you step over the line and mysteriously greasy balls.’
    • ‘I threw a gutter ball, screwing up my spare from the frame before.’


  • 1with two objects Give (something of which one has enough) to (someone); afford to give to.

    ‘she asked if I could spare her a dollar or two’
    • ‘Dyn was distressed, for he could not spare any of his food so early in his journey.’
    • ‘My most recent one just said basically that I'm a homeless man, can you spare some change to help me provide some food.’
    • ‘You have all this money and you won't spare enough to let your own child go back home.’
    • ‘We're sure readers can spare a couple of quid or dollars.’
    • ‘Can anyone spare me a couple of quid?’
    afford, do without, manage without, get along without, dispense with, part with, give, let someone have, provide
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Make free or available.
      ‘I'm sure you can spare me a moment’
      • ‘It is natural that you should look at this from the point of view of a plaintiff, but spare a moment's thought from the point of view of a defendant.’
      • ‘He spared a moment to take a glance at what was happening.’
      • ‘And at the moment, she just couldn't spare the energy it would take to do the job properly anyway.’
      • ‘His voice dripped with ironic sarcasm, as he spared a moment to glance at her.’
      • ‘I figure I can spare a moment to go say hello to some old allies.’
      • ‘If anyone has a REALmagic remote that they could spare for a few weeks, it sure would speed things up a bit.’
      • ‘Then without sparing a moment's pity for the fawning, awkward creature that Jonas had become, Christy turned on her heels.’
      • ‘You might even spare a thought for those whose whole existence was the scratch of dirt at it's doorstep.’
      • ‘He's travelled a long way and I'm sure you can spare a day out of your busy schedule to talk to him.’
      • ‘She had worked on this particular gift every minute and moment she could spare.’
      • ‘Arlene spared some of her attention momentarily, to level a glance at her daughter.’
      • ‘And actually, I was honored that he spared some of his very valuable time to meet with me today.’
      • ‘Please spare two minutes of your time and make your vote count.’
      • ‘I can't thank enough my friends who spared the time to see me, or even offered me a night's bed.’
      • ‘He spared enough time for a smile at Em before returning to his homework.’
      • ‘The glance he spared her was only momentary before he refocused steadily forward.’
      • ‘Can you spare us a minute?’
      • ‘I'm afraid I can't spare enough time to participate, but it'll be interesting to observe.’
      • ‘Sydney gasped at the unpleasant feeling, sparing a hand to press against her jaw.’
      • ‘Are you sometimes at a loose end with the odd morning or afternoon you could spare to help somebody?’
  • 2with object Refrain from killing, injuring, or distressing.

    ‘there was no way the men would spare her’
    • ‘Obviously God had spared his life for good reason.’
    • ‘So how do we find, in this first written record, the prudence that spared until a later date so many lives?’
    • ‘For where is the man who would spare the lives of the vanquished if he saw more profit in killing than in sparing them?…’
    • ‘And I have to say that my opinion is with the rest of my family that the fact that her life was spared was enough.’
    • ‘When angry Nature struck, sparing nothing in its wake, the citizens of Mumbai, undeterred, fought back.’
    • ‘I hoped that the rain would spare me at least until the time I reached that spot.’
    • ‘If you are here to confront them, please spare their lives!’
    • ‘The rains in the end of May did not spare even posh areas.’
    • ‘His last words to his estranged son had a prophetic ring: ‘May the Lord spare me until I have taken vengeance upon you.’’
    not harm, leave uninjured, leave unhurt
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1with two objects Refrain from inflicting (something) on (someone)
      ‘the country had until now been spared the violence occurring elsewhere’
      • ‘Even though God has spared me, I cannot be happy about what happened.’
      • ‘And for a family movie set in a restaurant, Campanella mercifully spares us any panting bliss-outs on the sensual nature of food.’
      • ‘The city's historic center, which had been largely spared massive bombing raids until then, was almost completely destroyed during this attack.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, he did not spare her a glance as he entered the door.’
      • ‘The Committee recognise that by admitting all the heads of charge, you have spared Mrs. A the further distress of appearing before the Committee.’
      • ‘Kahn does not spare us his mother's humiliation at his father's hands.’
      • ‘We would have spared ourselves both the agonising process and vicious product of our elaborate schemes.’
      • ‘As children's fears invite adult protection, an anxious child will be spared from unpleasant duties or routines.’
      • ‘I had hoped that we would be spared what happened here tonight until you all had been hardened by more experience.’
      • ‘Davidar, wisely, refrained from ever publishing the book, sparing himself the kind of embarrassment that haunts all writers who went with the first draft instead of dumping it in the dustbin.’
      • ‘We are spared most of the violence of the situation, and really only see its conclusion.’
      • ‘The damage to his body from previous injuries had at least spared his voice.’
      • ‘In both cases we have been mercifully spared the full fury.’
      • ‘He could have spared himself a major embarrassment by simply not going to Bogor, south of Jakarta, where the meeting was scheduled to have taken place.’
      • ‘Edward is a traitor, and it would be best if the future king was spared from any unfortunate incident that may occur.’
      • ‘I was fortunate enough to be spared from any casualties among my close friends and relatives; my future husband was not.’
      • ‘Much of the film feels profoundly sad, as Donovan spares no unpleasant detail, making for a sobering look at someone so attached to the bottle.’
      • ‘Kerry stopped short of offering McCain the job, sparing himself an outright rejection that would make his eventual running mate look like a second choice.’
      • ‘New Zealand has been spared, and now radiation has diminished enough to allow this shipload of scientists of all kinds to explore the remains of civilization.’
      • ‘But these days, there seems to be more mileage in bailing out, gracefully, if possible, and sparing yourself the media's slings and arrows.’
      • ‘At least this time the Patriots spared themselves that sort of crunch by building up an adequate lead that their defense protected.’
      • ‘Some people took the precaution of seeing their doctor in time and thereby spared themselves untold affliction.’
    2. 2.2spare oneselfwith negative Try to ensure or satisfy one's own comfort or needs.
      ‘in her concern to help others, she has never spared herself’
      • ‘No doubt Pat Grant will be lining himself up for a shot at the chair when it falls vacant in five years time, and meantime he'll not be sparing himself in his endeavours to prove his credentials.’
      • ‘A great communicator and a man of great imagination, novel ideas, and great generosity he has not spared himself in transforming the Diocese since he was consecrated in 1987.’
      • ‘A coach will use all his powers throughout a match - enlivening, cajoling, goading scolding or sympathizing where appropriate for the personality and the occasion, and not sparing himself until all is won or lost.’
      • ‘Perhaps he spares some of his friends and colleagues in the editing, but he has not spared himself.’
      • ‘I am also impressed by the response and hard work of Mayo Co Council, particularly the outdoor staff who have not spared themselves at this critical time.’
      • ‘Alliss did not react well to such misfortune and does not spare himself in the telling of the saddest chapter of his endlessly eventful life.’
      • ‘That is asking a lot of a player who has been an ever constant for club and county since 1995, and during that eight year spell he has taken the knocks without murmur and has certainly not spared himself.’
      • ‘He was extremely hardworking, never sparing himself in the performance of his duties and once he fainted in his office from exhaustion and almost died.’
      • ‘You suspect that on the tee, England's fierce head coach might resemble the character from P G Wodehouse who ‘never spared himself in his efforts to do the ball a violent injury‘.’
      • ‘He was always the quiet one to lead by example, never sparing himself.’
  • 3archaic no object Be frugal.

    ‘but some will spend, and some will spare’


  • go spare

    • 1informal Become extremely angry or distraught.

      ‘he'd go spare if he lost the money’
      • ‘I'll be going spare, pleading with you, but you mustn't give in to me - no matter what.’
      • ‘At the time, Egan and his Chief of Staff, Michael Coutts Trotter, went spare; Egan was still railing against the Opposition's policy as late as October last year.’
      • ‘If you were to accuse Patrick Egan or Wayne Ramsay of going spare they probably wouldn't argue with you.’
      • ‘I was shocked to see that someone had been digging badgers out - I went spare and my wife had to calm me down.’
      • ‘I'm scared and I'd much prefer to stay home and watch TV but I need money and I'll go spare otherwise.’
      • ‘The garden magpies are going spare just now, burying seeds and nuts in random places.’
      • ‘Their manager was going spare on the sidelines and a few of their players were having a go at each other.’
      • ‘‘He just went spare,’ says Dorrie, breaking down.’
      • ‘Nine, Ten, and the ABC would go spare at that.’
      • ‘Your mother actually sent me up, she's going spare downstairs.’
      • ‘He used to go spare if anyone applied a handbrake without pressing the button on the end of the arm as he considered it the height of laziness to just pull the arm.’
      become very angry, become enraged, go into a rage, lose one's temper
      View synonyms
    • 2informal Be unwanted or not needed and therefore available for use.

      ‘I didn't have much money going spare’
      • ‘If you've got a few bob and 250 hours construction time going spare, you too can be the proud owner of a kit ‘Hummingbird’ flying platform.’
      • ‘Almost 62,000 seats were going spare across the nine Premiership matches at the weekend, which followed a significant drop in the crowds at the home midweek European ties involving Chelsea, Middlesbrough and Bolton.’
      • ‘We've left a spare day in our itinerary because we're sure something will go wrong.’
      • ‘The man on the street seemed positive, he had loads going spare.’
      • ‘My friend Mouse had got so many tickets they cost (wait for it) £750 and he had rung me in something of a last minute fluster with one going spare.’
      • ‘Tone works for an ICT charity and has several of these monitors going spare, they are fully depreciated and he's looking to find them a good home.’
      • ‘The Rawdon club, Wharfedale's oldest, packed up senior football prior to the start of this season and one of the best grounds in the district was going spare.’
      • ‘The idea of being in competition with another woman for a man, especially when there are so many going spare, baffles me.’
      • ‘I mentioned to him that if anything came his way, such a free tickets, passes et al then it would be great if he remembered me if any were going spare.’
      • ‘Luckily there was one table going spare, but already there were a healthy number of guests and locals tucking into meals.’
      • ‘So, I have a bag of unsweetened desiccated coconut going spare.’
      • ‘If anyone has any blue glass bottles going spare, I could use them; I haven't quite got enough and the thought of having to drink Harvey's Bristol Cream to get some more is too much, really.’
  • spare no effort

    • Do everything one possibly can in order to achieve something.

      ‘we will spare no effort to secure the release of the captives’
      • ‘Private organizations promoting judicial reform also spared no effort to help.’
      • ‘She was a woman who spared no effort to further the cause she believed in.’
      • ‘Addressing a UN forum in Brasilia on Tuesday night, Silva vowed to spare no effort in the fight against corruption.’
      • ‘In Sligo we are fortunate to have fine coaches, who spare no effort in the preparation of athletes for national competition.’
      • ‘Apart from personnel relocation, Huang also spared no effort to improve the work environment for the design team.’
      • ‘Early last July, Economy Minister Nikolai Vassilev said the Government had spared no effort to help the owners immediately resume operation.’
      • ‘The directors of almost all the parks are sparing no effort to draw in visitors with new attractions.’
      • ‘Predictably, China will spare no efforts to block the process.’
      • ‘In the itinerant persecution of Christians he spared no effort to stifle the spread of the gospel.’
      • ‘A winner all the way was coach/trainer Mary Morrissey who spared no effort at training sessions to both teams.’
  • spare no expense (or no expense spared)

    • Pay any amount in order to achieve something.

      • ‘It was all arranged by her husband Mattie who spared no expense for the lavish night.’
      • ‘Owners of the Tokyo Prince Hotel Park Tower spared no expense in building the 33-story, 673-room luxury property in downtown Tokyo.’
      • ‘Not only were the designs innovative, they were incredibly luxurious, for the designers of the interiors created specifically for the exposition spared no expense to install lavish furnishings.’
      • ‘Still, he is known as an engineer/studio owner who will spare no expense to achieve the best sound.’
      • ‘They light firecrackers at night and spare no expense in preparing the feast.’
      • ‘Korda apparently spared no expense to achieve the scope and look he had in mind.’
      • ‘Conor was celebrating his wedding anniversary and told his wife, Mary he would treat her to lavish meal with no expense spared.’
      • ‘Mr. Harris had not spared any expense, especially now with his wife acting so strangely.’
      • ‘Encouraged to publish her findings, she spared no expense in preparing the original paintings for a volume on Surinam.’
      • ‘The food is as refined as the surroundings - and like the proprietors, prepare to spare no expense to get the most from your dining experience.’
  • spare a thought for

    • Remember.

      ‘spare a thought for our volunteer group at Christmas’
      • ‘However, spare a thought for just how many other people's knowledge and opinions of events are being shaped by so few.’
      • ‘We work on our computers every single day never sparing a thought for all those millions of chunks of data spread all over our hard disks.’
      • ‘And spare a thought for all those others, whose names are a ball and chain they must pull after them through the wilderness of this world.’
      • ‘Amid euphoric celebrations following last week's cut in interest rates, few of us spared a thought for savers, and even fewer remembered we are all savers through our pension schemes.’
      • ‘In our rush for change, spare a thought for all those shoppers and business people who have walked the streets of Dublin before us.’
      • ‘Generous readers are sparing a thought for others as they prepare themselves for Christmas.’
      • ‘Also can't help sparing a thought for the families of last year's tsunami victims for whom this must all still seem surreal.’
      • ‘O'Neill's is kindly sparing a thought for designated drivers on New Year's Eve, with free soft drinks.’
      • ‘We go about our blessed existence without even sparing a thought for him.’
      • ‘If you think things looked bleak in the first half of 2002, spare a thought for 28 October 1929, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 12.8%.’
  • to spare

    • Left over.

      ‘that turkey will feed ten people with some to spare’
      • ‘So, if you have a three or four hours to spare what are you waiting for!’
      • ‘Her album is due out in mid-July and she only has a week to spare amid all the promotions, so she can't do both.’
      • ‘If you want to follow a story, and you have time to spare, you can read, hear or see it in at least a hundred different versions.’
      • ‘Twitching slightly, I mount the stairs and quietly slip into my spot in the storage facility, with not a moment to spare.’
      • ‘If you try and do it in your spare time, you very quickly realize that you have no spare time to spare for anything else.’
      • ‘Jake arrived without a moment to spare, whisking me out of the driveway with a wink for Mason.’
      • ‘"We had about 20 ft to spare at the end of the runway.’
      • ‘He wasn't in his performance clothes, which usually meant he had some time to spare.’
      • ‘She got to the stable with fifteen minutes to spare, and made her way over to Eagle's stall.’
      • ‘I got there with seconds to spare and had enough time to clean up a little bit before there was a knock at me door.’
      left over, left, over, remaining, unused, unneeded, not required, still available, surplus to requirements
      View synonyms


Old English spær ‘not plentiful, meager’, sparian ‘refrain from injuring’, ‘refrain from using’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German sparen ‘to spare’.