One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1An elected local, district, or national council in the former Soviet Union.
- ‘Local soviets met rarely and at irregular intervals, betraying their subordinate position to their Executive Committees.’
- ‘By mistake, an order from the Petrograd Soviet establishing its authority over the Petrograd garrison was sent to the whole army, with the result that officers had to consult local soldiers' soviets before giving orders.’
- ‘Legislative power, for its part, was vested in the USSR Supreme Soviet and in the constituent soviets of the republics.’
- ‘Legislative powers belonged to the Supreme Soviet and its counterparts in the Union Republics.’
- ‘It was only during the Gorbachev era that a pyramid of councils, or soviets, from the central authority to those at local village and neighborhood level, were given anything more than a symbolic or ritualistic role.’
- 1.1 A revolutionary council of workers or peasants in Russia before 1917.
- ‘Highly democratic workers' councils, known as soviets, sprung up in workplaces and the army.’
- ‘The Duma rejected all the principal demands of the soviet and expressed confidence in the police as the guardians of law and order.’
- ‘Lenin's State and Revolution champions the soviets, or workers' councils, created spontaneously during the 1905 revolution in Russia, as the basis for a future workers' state.’
- ‘The workers' councils, or soviets, became increasingly important in the run-up to October 1917.’
- ‘In 1905 the mass strike led to the creation of soviets - workers' councils that began to discuss and organise every aspect of life. They offered a new form of power to set against the present way things are run.’
2A citizen of the former Soviet Union.
collectivist, leftist, socialist, radical socialist, anti-capitalistView synonyms
- ‘So far both the Soviets and the Americans were pushing their agenda in Kashmir.’
- ‘Even the Soviets, who had sided with the Spanish government against Franco, react coolly.’
- ‘It is very hard to argue that the Soviets were given the credit they were due for their sacrifices and sheer heroism.’
- ‘Some forty years ago, the Soviets took the bull by the horns and launched Yuri Gagarin into space.’
- ‘The Soviets on the other hand were too poor to fight and had too much to lose.’
- ‘In the face of such toughness, the Soviets capitulated and released the five British arrested.’
- ‘The Soviets reportedly found one of two black boxes, but released no details.’
- ‘In fact, the Soviets defeated more than three times as many German divisions as their western allies.’
- ‘During the detente era, the Soviets were careful not to give the West too much propaganda ammunition.’
- ‘His father was a village school teacher but during the war he enlisted and was taken prisoner by the Soviets.’
- ‘Like the Soviets, they achieve equality not by lifting everyone up but by keeping everyone down.’
- ‘She never disguised her contempt for the left and in particular the Soviets.’
- ‘As the western allies quickly demobilised after the war, the opposite was the case with the Soviets.’
- ‘Much to the CIA's satisfaction, he helped to defeat the Soviets in the early Nineties.’
- ‘Canada was a prime target for the Soviets because of its energy links to the U.S.’
- ‘Yet Grass was wrong on the big questions, especially his reluctance to face down the Soviets.’
- ‘Nor can we be said to have pure capitalism anymore than the Soviets had pure communism.’
- ‘The Soviets may have put the first satellite in orbit but the U.S. was the first to put a man on the moon.’
- ‘After the war the Soviets moved in and signs of its Communist past still exist in its many tower blocks.’
- ‘The Soviets had only just taken the city of Lublin, 140 kilometres south-east of Warsaw.’
Of or concerning the former Soviet Union.
- ‘In the battle of Stalingrad one million Soviet soldiers were to meet their end.’
- ‘I must admit to enjoying it, particularly its stridently progressivist Soviet tone.’
- ‘He was among many Soviet dissidents who fought not just for political liberty but for national rights.’
- ‘He showed resolve over Berlin but was not uncompromising in response to Soviet pressure.’
- ‘Vietnam invaded Cambodia, consolidating Soviet hegemony over all of Indochina.’
- ‘At that time, some argued for containment and deterrence as the remedy for Soviet hostility.’
- ‘As most of the research was done in hitherto secret Soviet archives, there seems little doubt of its accuracy.’
- ‘Instead, Ivan's hero status affords him special privileges in Soviet society.’
- ‘The issue is further complicated by the lack of regulation on property rights in Soviet times.’
- ‘Ukraine and the other former Soviet republics believe they can meet these criteria.’
- ‘Stalin wanted to extend Soviet influence and control over as much of Europe as possible.’
- ‘After the war, he joined Soviet intelligence and rose within the ranks of the KGB.’
- ‘There were already strong hints that the Polish army would be used rather than Soviet tanks.’
- ‘Mass terror and purges were not intrinsic to Soviet rule, as was clear after Stalin's death.’
- ‘Uranium was extracted and milled for Soviet weapons in all its countries.’
- ‘Gorbachev had hoped to achieve a restructuring of Soviet society and especially of the communist party.’
- ‘The precise number held in Soviet prisons during that period has become a matter of guesswork.’
- ‘The hotel, which offers sweeping views of the city, survived a decade of Soviet invasion.’
- ‘There are a host of displays, including radar technology and even Soviet equipment.’
- ‘The beach is deserted but for a stubborn few, and this Soviet edifice is now but a window to a bygone era.’
Early 20th century: from Russian sovet ‘council’.
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