Main definitions of soma in English

: soma1soma2

soma1

noun

Biology
  • 1[usually in singular] The parts of an organism other than the reproductive cells.

    • ‘We show that two sex-determination signals, the X chromosome number within the germ cells and a female soma, differentially regulate ovo-B and ovo-A.’
    • ‘The germ line of every Hessian fly contains two sets of chromosomes, a germ-line-limited set called the E chromosomes and a set that is found in both the germ line and the soma, the S chromosomes.’
    • ‘For this to work, however, the spike would have to propagate along the t-stem axon and into the cell soma.’
    • ‘In this asymmetric cell division, the mother cell represents the soma and the daughter cell the germline.’
    • ‘We find that 2X germ cells express high levels of ovo-B regardless of the sexual identity of either the surrounding soma or the germ cells themselves.’
    1. 1.1The body as distinct from the soul, mind, or psyche.
      • ‘There have also been two kinds of adverse effects, on psyche and soma.’
      • ‘They discuss the importance of using this expanded system to increase the physician's understanding of the complex interplay between the soma, the psyche and the social milieu of the patient.’
      • ‘There is a definite relationship between the psyche and the soma (mind and the body).’
      • ‘The Greek background includes the idea that the psyche separates from the soma, ‘body,’ at death and lives on.’
      • ‘Janet's original formulation of the concept of dissociation, on the other hand, was applicable to both psyche and soma.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek sōma body.

Pronunciation:

soma

/ˈsōmə/

Main definitions of soma in English

: soma1soma2

soma2

noun

Hinduism
  • 1An intoxicating drink prepared from a plant and used in Vedic ritual, believed to be the drink of the gods.

    • ‘And there's always soma to calm your anger, to reconcile you to your enemies, to make you patient and long-suffering.’
    • ‘The horse sacrifice, soma sacrifice, agricultural rituals and coronation of kings follow a ceremonial ritual that are explained in the Yajur Veda, mainly for the Brahmin class to follow and implement.’
    • ‘Ambrosia, nectar, soma, these swill through our myths and histories.’
    • ‘Fire worship was central to the Aryans and to their Vedic and Avestan expressions, as was the tradition of the holy drink - the Vedic soma and the Avestan haoma.’
    • ‘In India, the religious use of a psychedelic called soma was featured in the Rig Veda and entheogens have been a part of south Asian religious practice for millennia.’
    1. 1.1The plant from which the soma drink is prepared.
      See hom
      • ‘The latest blight has nearly wiped out the river grass that soma is extracted from.’
      • ‘He ate up the soma plant of sage Medhatithi who called him Mesha thereafter.’
      • ‘Soma is much praised in the g Veda, in which is told the myth of the discovery of the soma plant in Heaven.’
    2. 1.2(in Aldous Huxley's novel "Brave New World") a narcotic drug which produces euphoria and hallucination, distributed by the state in order to promote content and social harmony.
      • ‘The people, for whom the media is " soma ", are hapless vessels of their message.’

Origin

Sanskrit sōma.

Pronunciation:

soma

/ˈsōmə/