The minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent.
- ‘The solute is placed in the solvent and the concentrated solute slowly breaks into pieces.’
- ‘In aqueous solutions, water is the solvent and all dissolved substances are solutes.’
- ‘Osmotic pressure measurements have been used for solutes of high molecular weight.’
- ‘Solubility can be affected by such processes as hydrogen bonding between the solute and solvent.’
- ‘In most cases, the higher the temperature the more solute will dissolve in the solvent.’
Late 19th century: from Latin solutum, neuter of solutus loosened past participle of the verb solvere.