Main definitions of sole in English

: sole1sole2sole3

sole1

noun

  • 1The undersurface of a person's foot.

    ‘the soles of their feet were nearly black with dirt’
    • ‘She bows back once more,. lying on the ground, her legs bent under her at the knees, the soles of her feet pressed into her buttocks.’
    • ‘Bend knees outward and press soles of feet together.’
    • ‘The near-invisible larvae lurk in warm, moist soil or sand, infecting their host by penetrating the skin, usually through the soles of the feet.’
    • ‘Henna could also be used to add a red tint to the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, if that was what one was inclined to do.’
    • ‘Podiatry lecturer William Kerr studies the ridges on toes and the soles of the feet in relation to crime and is now ready to apply his knowledge in the field.’
    • ‘Keep the foot just to the outside of your hip, with the sole of your foot facing up and your toes pointing behind you.’
    • ‘He's the Brother who's always dressed to impress and is well groomed from the top of his head to the soles of his feet.’
    • ‘The basic rules of Sumo are simple: the wrestler who either first touches the floor with any part of his body apart from the soles of his feet or who leaves the ring before his opponent, loses.’
    • ‘But these cancers are only tenuously linked to sunburn - many are found on areas of the body not commonly exposed to the sun, such as the soles of the feet and the buttocks.’
    • ‘Spray the cool mist on your face, the back of your neck, and the soles of your feet.’
    • ‘Two days later we had to drag him cross-country in a train as the pox blossomed in his mouth, eyes, nose, even the soles of his feet, making it impossible to walk.’
    • ‘The rash doesn't itch and is usually on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.’
    • ‘These commonly arise in areas of the body not much exposed to the sun, such as the back of the legs, soles of the feet, scalp and buttocks.’
    • ‘I am feeling numb from the top of my head to the aching soles of my feet.’
    • ‘Melanomas commonly appear on these ‘non-sun exposed’ parts of the body, like the back of the legs, the soles of the feet and the buttocks.’
    • ‘As Chinese medicine theories show, a total of 62 reflection points corresponding with different parts of the body are separated on the soles of the feet.’
    • ‘Buddhists have always used the swastika as a symbol of resignation, and Buddha is to this day depicted with the symbol all over his chest, arms and the soles of his feet.’
    • ‘By the end of the day I could feel the burn on the soles of my feet, and my skin forming a thick pumice-proof layer to protect itself from future exposure to scorching walkways.’
    • ‘Standing with your feet together, inhale, use your hand to lift your left leg up, and exhale, placing the sole of your left foot on the inside of the right thigh above the knee.’
    • ‘In the second stage of syphilis, infected individuals get a rash in the mouth, the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.’
    1. 1.1 The section forming the underside of a piece of footwear (typically excluding the heel when this forms a distinct part)
      • ‘Place shoes on the floor: If the heels and soles aren't sitting flat on the floor, it's time to go shoe-shopping.’
      • ‘These sneakers serve the same purpose as boots, as their nylon and leather build, solid structure, and thick rubber soles make walking through snow a breeze.’
      • ‘A better method of sealing heels and soles is to use a hot wax treatment that penetrates the leather, fills its pores, and prevents water from being absorbed.’
      • ‘Polish shoes; get new heels or soles if necessary.’
      • ‘The average pair of bowling shoes will have a set sole or heel that can't be removed or adjusted.’
      • ‘Mephisto makes shoes with a 100 percent biodegradable latex midsole, a natural rubber sole, and a footbed made of pure natural cork.’
      • ‘As a rule of thumb, you can wear brown footwear with a black jacket, as long as your soles are predominantly black and you match them with a brown belt.’
      • ‘My guess is that if the surface is more like the bottom of a crepe sole, it will squeak less than if the soles were like that of a pair of tennis shoes.’
      • ‘Opt for a pair with a bit of a heel, and leather soles.’
      • ‘I have a pair that I've been wearing for eight years - the soles are somewhat worn down but they have at least another couple of years to go before the tread disappears.’
      • ‘They had a thick sole with a short heel and were entirely black except for the dark blue laces that tied up the side.’
      • ‘In my day the boots were made from tough leather with a very hard leather toecap and leather studs nailed into the sole and heel.’
      • ‘Tap shoes have thin metal plates, usually made of aluminium, screwed onto the sole and heel, allowing dancers to create percussive effects as they move.’
      • ‘Wear a simple pair of black leather shoes, with a plain or capped toe, and if you choose, leather soles.’
      • ‘This model offers the best of both worlds - a stiff sole for exercising at the gym and great traction for running or walking outdoors.’
      • ‘His job entails patching, sewing, replacing heels, replacing soles and fine polishing.’
      • ‘Made from premium leather, they feature a lightly-padded footbed and a flexible sole for added walking comfort.’
      • ‘Besides his exquisitely tooled creations, he is credited with having invented the platform sole and wedge heel, which have had a recent comeback in fashion.’
      • ‘There was a tiny manufacturer mark on the heel of the sole.’
      • ‘The group is looking at manufacturing doormats and shoe soles out of recycled footwear.’
    2. 1.2 The part of the undersurface of a person's foot between the toes and the instep.
      • ‘Scrub heels, soles and edges of your feet until they feel smooth.’
      • ‘A 53 year old man presented with an ulcer on the sole of his left foot, attributed to a possible penetrating injury three months previously.’
      • ‘It's a pump for bedridden patients that is designed to simulate the physiological pumping mechanism in the sole of the foot that is usually activated by weight bearing.’
      • ‘The tibial nerve, located between the medial malleolus and Achilles tendon, supplies the medial portion of the sole and the medial side of the foot.’
      • ‘Warts on the soles of the feet are called plantar warts.’
      • ‘Warts are usually painless with the exception of the warts on the soles of the feet.’
      • ‘Massage the feet, each toe, the ankles, the heels and the soles in turn with the warm oil, gently stretching the feet and toes as you massage them and using circular motions around your ankles and heels.’
      • ‘If the baby stops breathing, a nurse will stimulate the baby to start breathing by patting him or touching the soles of his feet.’
      • ‘The heel is usually small and is internally rotated, making the soles of the feet face each other in cases of bilateral deformities.’
      • ‘The type of wound with the clearest indication for aggressive off-loading is a neuropathic wound on a weight-bearing area on the sole of the foot.’
      • ‘Pain and numbness often radiate to the plantar heel and, in some cases, extend even to the distal sole and toes.’
      • ‘Use of padding techniques that arc glued or taped to the sole of the foot have also been reported in the medical literature.’
      • ‘Pain and numbness in the soles of the feet is a common presentation of sensory disturbance.’
      • ‘But for me, this is the best part of the whole exercise, as firm fingers and thumbs work around the ankles, under the soles of the feet, between toes and over the instep.’
    3. 1.3 The undersurface of a tool or implement such as a plane or the head of a golf club.
      • ‘To a club designer, draft is the angle that the clubhead makes (woods mostly) from the top of the toe to the toe edge of the sole.’
      • ‘With a fairway wood, because of the way the sole is designed, you can hit slightly behind the ball and still produce a reasonable shot.’
      • ‘I grind the soles to get the right shape and bounce angle.’
      • ‘The top of a long putter should end about at the height of the logo on your golf shirt when you're in a slightly upright putting stance and the sole of the putter is resting flat on the ground.’
      • ‘This technique allows the sole of the club to contact the grass at impact and slide easily under the ball.’
      • ‘Ted also pointed out that a plane with a rabbeted sole would not be suitable for cutting tenons for post and beam construction, as I suggested.’
      • ‘Allow the sole of the sand wedge to do what it is designed to do - slide under the ball and propel it out on a cushion of sand.’
      • ‘The blades used by most tour players have narrow soles.’
      • ‘Morris' patent claims that the diamond grid pattern in the sole makes it easy to finish the sole of the plane with a file, implying they could be made by hand in a small shop.’
      • ‘Swing the long irons as though they all have the No.7 stamped on the sole.’
      • ‘The soles on the 2-and 3-iron are a little wider to help me hit the ball higher.’
      • ‘I need the sole of the sand wedge to help me slide through the grass and the loft to get it up.’
      • ‘The plane has an iron sole, but no screws are showing.’
      • ‘Paint on tees leaves lines on the sole of your driver.’
      • ‘Flipping the clubhead can cause the leading edge to kick into the ball, especially with a sand wedge, because of the ‘bounce’ on its sole.’
      • ‘An iron bar of rectangular cross-section is mortised into the sole, to form the mouth front.’
      • ‘We wanted to see if anything had changed, especially because typical golfers reading this package might start looking at the soles of their drivers with a bit more scrutiny.’
      • ‘I've got lead tape on there to balance out the metal that was lost in grinding down the soles.’
      • ‘A good clubfitter will have you hit shots off a lie board, which is a type of mat that will leave a mark on the sole to show how to adjust the lie if necessary.’
      • ‘This would solve the problem of cutting the front bevels, with its fence set at an acute angle to the plane sole and guided by the back of the molded strip.’
    4. 1.4 The floor of a ship's cabin or cockpit.
      • ‘The cabin sole to deckhead height, at the aft end of the cabin, is less than four feet and there is sitting headroom over the bunks.’
      • ‘The hull is fitted with a structural fiberglass liner that incorporates the cabin sole as well as berth and furniture foundations.’
      • ‘Jarred from their place by the impact when the boat struck, and papering the cabin sole with vital, unused information was a welter of neatly rolled charts which he trampled in his haste.’
      • ‘Unable to reach the spill, the boater was about to power saw an access hole in the cabin sole to reach the fuel.’
      • ‘Enough water can accumulate below that the cabin soles are immersed.’
      • ‘Plywood bulkheads, seating and soles should be closely examined to ensure they remain in sound condition.’
      • ‘To their credit the builders have used bulkheads that are watertight between the hull and cabin soles to divide the boat into three separate compartments.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]usually be soled
  • Put a new sole on to (a shoe)

    • ‘One day a man was seen bringing a pair of shoes to the cobbler to be soled.’
    • ‘A regular but infrequent 'chore' was taking boots and shoes to the cobbler to be soled and heeled.’
    • ‘I had my favourite boots soled and heeled for half the price of a London cobbler.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, from Latin solea ‘sandal, sill’, from solum ‘bottom, pavement, sole’; compare with Dutch zool and German Sohle.

Pronunciation

sole

/sōl//soʊl/

Main definitions of sole in English

: sole1sole2sole3

sole2

noun

  • A marine flatfish of almost worldwide distribution, important as a food fish.

    See also Dover sole
    and See also lemon sole
    • ‘One never wanted to eat anything but herrings; another ate only sole.’
    • ‘Fish such as sole, halibut and cod, on the other hand, have relatively low omega - 3 concentrations.’
    • ‘Feeling sorry for the sole, Valerie scooped a small opening at the base of the mesh through which it escaped.’
    • ‘The main species harvested are hake, horse mackerel and pilchard, whilst other species such as monk, anchovy, tuna and sole also contribute to this sector.’
    • ‘The island has held the UK record for mullet, plaice and sole and been very close with bream and blonde rays so you can see why we started to visit the place.’
    • ‘Thornback and blond rays are most often seen, with brill, plaice, sole, flounder and even turbot on occasion.’
    • ‘Further plans are in the pipeline for stocks including southern hake, sole, haddock and Norway lobster.’
    • ‘At a fish-and-chip shop called the Balancing Eel, a stone's throw from the quayside, cod, haddock, plaice and sole are the fish of choice with scampi and prawn fritters close behind.’
    • ‘Seafood with lower levels of methylmercury include cod, mahi-mahi, salmon, shrimp, trout, flounder, sole, perch and scallops.’
    • ‘When ordering seafood, choose the leanest types, such as haddock, sole, trout, scallops, shrimp and crab.’
    • ‘Cod, sole, haddock and ocean perch are decent choices because they are high in iodine but relatively low in mercury.’
    • ‘If tilapia isn't available, substitute perch, sole, or other whitefish.’
    • ‘Have you tried to buy crabs, whiting, grey sole, ling or squid on the West Coast, where most of it comes in?’
    • ‘There's beef, duck and a vegetarian option, but the speciality is an interesting selection of fish dishes, including halibut, sole, monkfish, mussels and scallops.’
    • ‘Other commonly eaten seafoods include sardines, salmon, sole, sea bass, and hake, as well as eel, squid, octopus, and lamprey.’
    • ‘Cod, pike, sole, and salmon are all best with the honest citrus and potpourri quality of a Belgian style Pilsner.’
    • ‘These in turn provide fertile spawning grounds for crabs, shrimps, scallops, cod, plaice, bass, sole and herring, and so are vital to maintaining fisheries.’
    • ‘Among the fish on the move are commercially important varieties such as Atlantic cod, sole and whiting.’
    • ‘The advice given is that there should be zero fishing for cod, whiting, haddock, plaice, sole and prawns in the Irish Sea.’
    • ‘Cooling atop a block of ice are exotic catches of sea bass, bluefish, salmon, sole, lobster and shark.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, from Provençal sola, from Latin solea (see sole), named from its shape.

Pronunciation

sole

/sōl//soʊl/

Main definitions of sole in English

: sole1sole2sole3

sole3

adjective

  • 1attributive One and only.

    ‘my sole aim was to contribute to the national team’
    • ‘A group has been formed with the sole aim of creating a community theatre in a building beside the river, below Kingston House.’
    • ‘Carol is part of the London Laughter Club, a group which has the sole aim of making each other laugh.’
    • ‘But these days there are fewer customers and most are here for the sole purpose of eating and not for the casual drinks and supper anymore.’
    • ‘Fifteen-year-old James began race walking at 11 with the sole aim of representing his county in Mosney.’
    • ‘From then his sole aim is to restore his family's status and towards this end he starts new business ventures and succeeds.’
    • ‘The committee has been formed with the sole aim of organising the event, to which they hope to attract 5,000.’
    • ‘When an identity becomes absolute, the little group to which I belong becomes my sole basis for self-understanding and the farthest boundary of my love.’
    • ‘‘Our sole purpose is the protection of nature,’ added Marinov.’
    • ‘He added that the City has indeed embarked upon several major projects over the last twelve months with the sole aim of uplifting the living standard of the residents.’
    • ‘The sole purpose of this particular effort is to identify undecided voters for follow-up contact.’
    • ‘It is here that an investigation by the director will occur with the sole purpose of collecting information that will lead to creating a harassment-free environment.’
    • ‘Designated a protected area in 1941, the reserve was created with the sole aim of preserving the coastal sea and earth ecosystems.’
    • ‘World Heart Day is a global initiative with the sole aim of raising awareness about heart health and is being supported by the World Heart Federation.’
    • ‘And the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine says that caloric restriction is the sole instrument that produces weight loss.’
    • ‘I couldn't possibly reveal the name of the sole person I haven't bothered to shop for yet, but it begins with L and has fewer than 5 letters.’
    • ‘A group of record companies named her as the sole defendant in a federal lawsuit, claiming she made more than 700 songs available for free on the Internet.’
    • ‘Once you're sure your putter is aimed squarely, your sole thought during the stroke should be to maintain the triangle formed by your shoulders and arms.’
    • ‘That sole voice belonged to the International Critical Incident Stress Foundation.’
    • ‘He was a father of four children and the sole breadwinner in the family.’
    • ‘Cath initially takes this job with the sole aim of being able to pay Bailey's medical bills.’
    only, one, one and only, single, solitary, lone, unique, only possible, individual, exclusive, singular
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Belonging or restricted to one person or group of people.
      ‘loans can be in sole or joint names’
      ‘the health club is for the sole use of our guests’
      • ‘Courts rarely grant sole custody or even joint physical custody to fathers, and standard visitation is just a few days a month.’
      • ‘My home is in my sole name and is valued at between €900,000 and €1.1m.’
      • ‘Mrs Trusler had opened a bank account in her sole name to receive payments and the couple had made false statements on housing benefit and council tax benefit application and review forms.’
      • ‘Family members often find entering business together is more efficient than operating several independent sole proprietorships.’
      • ‘But the issue of liability complicates the relative ease of setting up a sole proprietorship.’
      • ‘Like a sole proprietorship, it is relatively easy and inexpensive to set up.’
      • ‘Throughout its history it has jealously guarded its sole power of initiative, so that it alone can initiate European legislation to come before the European Council and the European Parliament.’
      • ‘The sole proprietor is responsible for 100 % of all business debts and obligations.’
      • ‘Land was attached to households and neither men nor women were sole legal owners of pieces of property.’
      • ‘Chosen charities are given free stand space and joint sole rights to collect money from the 80,000 people who attend the show.’
      • ‘But it is important to note that there may be tax implications if any assets held in sole names are not transferred in the tax year the separation occurs.’
      • ‘Once published, the ideas in a book belonged to all - but the singular form of their expression remained the sole property of the author.’
      • ‘It all began because she had separated from her husband last October and he had moved out of the family home, and she had started claiming housing benefit and opened up a new council tax account in her sole name.’
      • ‘If her bid stands, Zeidler could become the sole proprietor of the hotel.’
      • ‘I've been running it out of my home as a sole proprietor, using independent contractors.’
      • ‘In the UK on the other hand sole proprietorship and partnership were the only legal forms available to audit firms until 1991.’
      • ‘Similarly, a divorced or separated parent who has sole physical custody of his children could reasonably be deemed the caretaker parent.’
      • ‘Independent designer-retailers, sole traders in fashion and in other ethnic-designer goods began to rent retail space in the area.’
      • ‘There are numerous business structures available, such as sole trader, limited and partnership, and the pros and cons of these need to be given due consideration.’
      • ‘For a while, having a sole proprietorship raised your chances of getting audited.’
    2. 1.2archaic (especially of a woman) unmarried.
    3. 1.3archaic Alone; unaccompanied.

Origin

Late Middle English (also in the senses ‘secluded’ and ‘unrivaled’): from Old French soule, from Latin sola, feminine of solus ‘alone’.

Pronunciation

sole

/soʊl//sōl/