Definition of soften in English:

soften

verb

  • 1Make or become less hard.

    with object ‘plant extracts to soften and moisturize the skin’
    no object ‘let the vegetables soften over a low heat’
    • ‘While the fruit is softening, boil up the pips to extract their pectin, and strain their juice into the pan while still hot (it will turn to jelly if allowed to cool).’
    • ‘When the oil is hot, add the carrot and onion and cook, stirring, until the vegetables are softened, about 5 minutes.’
    • ‘Before planting, soak seeds overnight in warm water to soften and speed germination.’
    • ‘Soak these leaves for five minutes in hot water to soften them.’
    • ‘If you are not satisfied with some part of the product, you only need to sprinkle a little water to soften the clay.’
    • ‘Set aside for 10 minutes for the flavours to marry and the vegetables to soften.’
    • ‘Cooking softens the hemicellulose of vegetables, allowing the nutrients that are present in the food to be more accessible for digestion.’
    • ‘These are products which can prevent drying of the skin, thereby moisturizing and softening the skin.’
    • ‘The industry was a major contributor to the city's wealth, with whale oil mixed with water being used to soften jute so it could be woven.’
    • ‘When the vegetables have softened, add all the peas and stir them well into the vegetable mix.’
    • ‘If the chocolate starts to firm, soften over the heated water again.’
    • ‘It offers a rich, creamy lather that will invigorate, moisturize and soften your hair.’
    • ‘Sodium hydroxide is a caustic type of chemical that actually softens hair fibers.’
    • ‘Apply the solution to the brick; allow it to soften paint; and remove with scraper and stiff bristle brush.’
    • ‘Put the butter in a large pan on a low heat and soften any vegetables you decided to toss in.’
    • ‘Add onion, ginger and garlic and stir until onion is softened using low to medium heat.’
    • ‘Watch it carefully to see when it begins to soften, then immediately remove the heat and scrape the adhesive off with a putty knife.’
    • ‘Let stand until softened; then remove with a cloth dampened with boiled linseed oil.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, he'll dip the bun in water, letting it soften before consuming it.’
    • ‘If you are using leaf gelatin, put the sheets in cold water to soften.’
    1. 1.1with object (of a market, currency, or commodity) fall in value.
      ‘the share price has softened recently’
      ‘rents have softened in out-of-town locations’
      ‘sales could soften if the economy turns down’
      • ‘Retail sales in Australia have softened off a bit, and that was evident in the most recent figures released for July today.’
      • ‘Many cities with a high proportion of college graduates also have expensive homes, even with the softening real estate market.’
      • ‘Owners of gold in any form might consider buying a quantity of short funds to soften the tremendous volatility of gold.’
      • ‘However, house prices will not keep rising by 20 % a year, and have already begun to soften.’
      • ‘We, along with the rest of the industry, experienced a decline in higher-yielding business travel due to the impact of the softening U.S. economy.’
      • ‘Member countries cannot revert to tax cuts or fiscal easing to soften the impact of the strong euro on their big exporters.’
      • ‘We require investors to prove the reliability of their rental income as some rental incomes have softened in areas where we have seen numerous developments.’
      • ‘Crawshaw believes these investors are prepared to ride out a softening market.’
      • ‘In line with its acceptance of the international strategy for the Second UN Development Decade, the Federal Republic has drastically softened its capital loans policy.’
      • ‘The continuing appetite for such products, says Harris, should soften the economic impact of the current sharp drop in business-technology investment.’
  • 2Make or become less severe.

    no object ‘her expression softened at the sight of Diane's white face’
    with object ‘some Democrats tried to soften the blow by substituting a smaller cut in the property tax rate’
    • ‘Louis turned around swiftly, his hard dangerous expression softening slightly at her poor sight.’
    • ‘He immediately looked up from his maps, his expression softening as he looked up at her.’
    • ‘Jessica's stony expression softens and she stares at the ground for a moment.’
    • ‘The expression on his face softened as he watched her.’
    • ‘He also looked exceedingly miserable, an expression which softened only in the slightest at the sight of the coffee.’
    • ‘His expression softened and his hand was still extended to her, ‘My name's Adam.’’
    • ‘Upon seeing Aerin's face, his own expression and tone softened.’
    • ‘The combination lets people have it both ways: The foam keeps the cushion upright and helps it hold its shape, while the down makes a comfortable seat and softens the severe line of the foam.’
    • ‘When you think loving thoughts your expression softens and your baby will notice your loving looks.’
    • ‘Christopher turned away and ascended the stairs, his expression softening to a different smile as the door opened to reveal Sara's bright face and slender form.’
    • ‘Something sharp and dangerous transformed his face, his expression going from that of a parent trying to soften a blow to a dark anger.’
    • ‘Mack admitted, his face softening into a vulnerable expression.’
    • ‘Her expression immediately softened at the sight of me but turned hard once more after spotting the Old English sheepdog.’
    • ‘However, at his crestfallen expression, her eyes softened.’
    • ‘‘We couldn't leave,’ explained Taiyo, her voice softening and her expression falling.’
    • ‘Then she looked back to Christopher, her expression softening.’
    • ‘Better to wait until bubbles burst and manage the consequences, softening the economic blow by loosening monetary policy very quickly.’
    • ‘These interviews make a powerful case that we need to soften the blows that often come with economic changes, even if such changes are inevitable.’
    • ‘Maura's expression softened as she leaned closer to him.’
    • ‘Harriette's expression of resolve softened, and she reached out and cupped Marguerite's chin in a motherly fashion.’
    alleviate, ease, relieve, soothe, take the edge off, assuage, allay, dull, cushion, lessen, moderate, temper, mitigate, palliate, diminish, decrease, blunt, deaden, abate, tone down
    die down, abate, subside, moderate, let up, calm down, lessen, grow less, decrease, diminish, slacken, dwindle, weaken
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1with object Undermine the resistance of (someone)
      ‘the blockade appears a better weapon with which to soften them up for eventual surrender’
      • ‘We're hoping that maybe you can soften him just enough that he will tell us at least something of what we need to know.’
      • ‘It's like reverse psychology - soften the opponent up on defense and you'll distract him from doing what he wants on offense.’
      • ‘After softening you up, they drag you en masse to the door.’
      • ‘Only his tears, his breakdown, had softened his mother, who had spoken to his father.’
      • ‘This will soften Garcia without making him feel threatened.’
      • ‘He realizes that his leave has softened him, and that he is about to fall apart.’
      • ‘I have a feeling they will try and soften us up with artillery before they attack again.’
      • ‘The bombing raid we were victims of was just to soften us up.’
      • ‘Think, too, about how a peaceful gesture in the midst of a time of conflict can help defuse tension and soften someone's heart.’
      • ‘Affection for my sister softened me and my shoulders slumped.’
      • ‘Except I do want to point out that she's fallen for him, and when one does that, it softens the person, you know?’
      • ‘This altruism softened the character enough to make him watchable, but he remained someone you would never wish to meet.’
      • ‘If writing to ask for extra money, he would sometimes include a mathematical theorem for possible use in exams to soften his father up.’
      • ‘He simply figured their time apart had softened her a little.’
      • ‘He has softened him up and now he moves to place his Knight on a better square.’
      • ‘After a few glasses of wine to soften him up, she began her pitch.’
      • ‘These folks are his friends, after all; they'll heed his call, possibly after he's softened them up with flattery.’
      • ‘You will not soften us up by telling us the problems.’
      • ‘Despite his ill temper, however, every day that he spends in the calm atmosphere of the peaceful village seems to soften him.’
      • ‘Amy's gaze and touch seemed to be successful in softening David.’
      weaken, undermine someone's resistance, reduce someone's defensive capability
      View synonyms
  • 3with object Remove mineral salts from (water).

    • ‘Water softeners are sometimes a hidden source of sodium in your water at home - although cold water often isn't softened.’
    • ‘But what you should try and find out about is what kind of agents have been added to harden or soften the tap water, as it affects the taste.’
    • ‘The vinegar in this formula will help to remove stains, odors and soften the water.’
    • ‘This softens the water a little and is fine because of the tap water I have.’
    • ‘The most common way to soften household water is to use a water softener.’
    • ‘Some consumers are concerned that drinking softened water will increase the level of sodium in their diet.’
    • ‘Observations have shown increased copper levels in water softened with ion exchange water softeners.’
    • ‘The higher the concentration of these minerals, the more sodium needed to soften the water.’
    • ‘Hard water can be softened with the addition of a handful of washing soda (available from supermarkets) to the wash and rinse cycles.’
    • ‘To soften the water, the maid Kikuno would enter the tub first to ‘massage or knead the water’.’
    • ‘Hard water can be softened using an ion exchange softening process.’
    • ‘We decided to only soften the water that would be heated, since there were no other quality issues with hardness in the cold tap water.’

Pronunciation

soften

/ˈsôfən//ˈsɔfən/