Definition of sock in US English:

sock

noun

  • 1A garment for the foot and lower part of the leg, typically knitted from wool, cotton, or nylon.

    • ‘The hallway was lined with black granite tiles and it felt slippery underneath my sock covered feet.’
    • ‘I had changed out of my uniform in grey sweats and a navy UCLA sweatshirt, with thick socks on my feet.’
    • ‘In more formal settings, black over-the-calf stretch nylon cotton or wool socks are fitting.’
    • ‘His feet were now covered only by his wool socks, which would make less noise, but make footing slippery on the marble floor.’
    • ‘The patient, who can use the device while sitting, places a cotton sock over his or her foot before the cuff is placed.’
    • ‘I wear a bright orange fleece sweatshirt, some nylon running pants and wool socks.’
    • ‘I've found that good quality wool socks from the Gap or even Target last a really long time and are both comfortable and stylish.’
    • ‘Even with her wool sweaters, shirts, leggings, socks, and cloak, she was still cold.’
    • ‘In the States, wool mittens and socks are sometimes used as adornments in wedding ceremonies.’
    • ‘She had removed her black boots at the door and had thick wool socks on her feet.’
    • ‘Cotton socks absorb moisture and keep feet drier than nylon socks.’
    • ‘Fleece picks up lint easily and a fleece garment washed with wool socks or terry towels will never look the same again.’
    • ‘Wearing clean cotton socks will protect the feet from fungi living in your shoes.’
    • ‘Dry your feet completely afterward, and wear cotton socks which let your feet breathe.’
    • ‘In that case, you might want to check out the regular, non-contrast, Land's End cotton rag or wool rag socks.’
    • ‘These boots will give a good grip on wet decks and worn with woollen thermal or neoprene socks will keep your feet as warm as toast.’
    • ‘In the evenings, my mother read to us, and we knitted socks and sweaters for my dad in the army, stoked the fire and listened to the radio, mainly to Children's Hour, and the news, of course.’
    • ‘Madame Cholet, a kindly countrywoman who lived in the neighbouring house, knitted her woolly socks to keep her feet warm during pruning.’
    • ‘On not so cold days you can use a cycling sock, colder days require an upgrade to cotton socks and on the coldest days you can go wool.’
    • ‘I put a dress over her hospital pajamas, socks on her feet, placed her in a chair and we had breakfast together.’
    1. 1.1 A removable inner sole placed inside a shoe or boot for added warmth or to improve the fit.
    2. 1.2 A white marking on the lower part of a horse's leg, not extending as far as the knee or hock.
      Compare with stocking
      • ‘Ranger is a 4-year old sorrel with a flaxen mane and tail, right hind sock, and left hind stocking.’
      • ‘Shorty is a 3-year old brown gelding with a star, strip, snip, connected lower tip, left front sock and right front pastern.’
  • 2informal A hard blow.

    ‘a sock on the jaw’
    • ‘Apparently, it was my sock that broke the belt, so in other words it was my fault.’
    • ‘I was treated to a sock on the jaw by the same thugs later that night.’
    • ‘When he pulled up too hard on landing and porpoised into a stall the resulting crash hurt like a sock in the mouth.’
    • ‘Instead of a hard sock in the arm, he got a soft smack in the arm.’
    • ‘The Maus mounted a 128 mm main gun that would punch through enemy armor like a thrown sock punches through a wall made out of gelatin.’
    blow, thump, punch, knock, bang, thwack, box, cuff, slap, smack, spank, tap, crack, stroke, welt
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1US Force or emphasis.
      ‘we have enough speed and sock in our lineup to score runs’
      • ‘If Martin can succeed, the lineup has enough sock elsewhere to cash in.’
      • ‘Coming up from the minors is the right-handed-hitting Juan Uribe, who has good sock but can be undisciplined on breaking balls.’

verb

[with object]informal
  • 1Hit forcefully.

    ‘Jess socked his father across the face’
    • ‘I would sock such people in the face, but my fingers are too cold even for that.’
    • ‘‘I feel like socking you one,’ I said, surprised that indeed, I really did.’
    • ‘In another incident, a gang member socked me in the face.’
    • ‘We're so close, that when he grabbed at the Ding Dong, I only socked him reasonably hard in the arm.’
    • ‘So he did what most kids would do; he punched me in the eye, socked me in the stomach and stole my money.’
    • ‘I socked you in the nose because you deserved it!’
    • ‘But this did nothing to stop Grant from fulfilling his end of the showdown; he socked Hearns with a straight right to the body and followed up with a left hook that must have made Hearns' cranium vibrate.’
    • ‘My father turns around and Tristan socks him in the face.’
    • ‘I just hope he doesn't sock David on that heavily rouged jaw.’
    • ‘The only thing that stopped him from socking Scott in the face was the fact that Jessi didn't look too happy.’
    • ‘The guy protested and laid a hand on Novak - who responded by socking him and threatening to knock his teeth out.’
    • ‘Predictions were a coastal storm would meet the kind of weather that socked the Midwest earlier in the week.’
    • ‘This produced the strange sensation of Jensen's head being rocked one way then the other as if being socked around each side of the head by twin sparring partners at the same instant.’
    • ‘Rao, the seasoned drummer, unsheathes his mridangam (a south Indian drum) from its cloth case and tunes its upper head, socking its rawhide binding with a rock to change the pitch.’
    • ‘With that Amanda socked Austin in the face and Erika punched Eric in the stomach.’
    • ‘I woke up ready to face the day without feeling as if I'd been socked over the head.’
    • ‘He says he socked a taxi inspector at the airport.’
    • ‘I punched him in the stomach before socking him in the eye.’
    • ‘He tapped Brett on the shoulder and socked one to him straight.’
    • ‘Lanz was struck silent, and then socked Felix in the shoulder.’
    strike, slap, smack, cuff, punch, beat, thrash, thump, batter, belabour, drub, hook, pound, smash, slam, welt, pummel, hammer, bang, knock, swat, whip, flog, cane, sucker-punch, rain blows on, give someone a beating, give someone a drubbing, give someone a good beating, give someone a good drubbing, box someone's ears
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1often be socked with Affect disadvantageously.
      ‘consumers have been socked with huge price increases’
      • ‘His comments should act as a wake-up call to voters in wards like Hobson, Western Bays and Eastern Bays who are now going to be socked with vicious rates increases, solely on the basis of where they live.’
      • ‘Historically, skippers who haven't maintained their boats, don't check on their boats regularly, and don't cooperate with the Coast Guard, have been more likely to be socked with a big fine.’
      • ‘And the costliest, Hurricane Andrew, socked the U.S. with more than $26 billion in damage.’
      • ‘Instead, fans who purchase tickets on the phone or online are socked with a series of surcharges that boost the price to $35.60.’
      • ‘Key aspects of the restructuring plan are stalled in the Duma over concerns that consumers may be socked with huge tariff hikes.’
      • ‘Then, investors were socked with the worst year of losses ever.’
      • ‘But they have nevertheless turned around and socked the defendants with huge punitive damages that bore no relationship to the plaintiffs' own harm.’
      • ‘A company spokeswoman said the change was made to comply with the product's foreign packaging… but the bottom line is that the American consumer is socked with a stealthy price increase.’
      • ‘The chemical industry suffers from low profit margins, and they're really getting socked by high natural gas prices, and that's also kept them from investing more in security.’
      • ‘Banks were socked with losses totaling about $16 billion, according to the OCC.’
      • ‘So, far from leveling the playing field, the system socks the smallest parties with an added financial disadvantage.’

Phrases

  • knock (or blow) someone's socks off

    • informal Amaze or impress someone.

      • ‘The other kind of trailer is the one that knocks your socks off, stands your hair on end, sears the retina and leaves you gasping.’
      • ‘Chairman of the school's governors, Dave Waters said: ‘It has just knocked my socks off - we expected around 70 per cent in our favour - but 98 per cent is just unbelievable.’’
      • ‘Go in as a temp, knock their socks off - and who knows, you might find the job of your dreams right there.’
      • ‘I'm also trying to put together a new site design using the latest whizzy web technology that'll knock your socks off and turn the blog-design world on its head.’
      • ‘The salesman, referring to the just-invented diesel tractor, said, ‘I'm here to tell you about a machine that will knock your socks off.’’
      • ‘With reds, you can go from a light, easy-drinking variety to a full-bodied wine that can knock your socks off!’
      • ‘I have discovered a drummer that will knock your socks off, his name is Carl Hupp.’
      • ‘I found each of these films individually wonderful, but together, they just knocked my socks off.’
      • ‘So starting with our September / October issue, we will present a four-part series on training that I'm positive will knock your socks off.’
      • ‘I just had one solo, so I blew some real good blues notes and knocked their socks off.’
  • knock the socks off

    • informal Surpass or beat.

      ‘it will knock the socks off the opposition’
      • ‘So this week I've chosen three really simple dishes that take no time to prepare and knock the socks off any shop-bought stuff.’
      • ‘Unless he knocks the socks off Mularkey and Clements this off season and preseason, he likely will be the backup in Week One of 2005.’
      • ‘The half-year figures to June 30 show not just that the company's overseas operations are matching its domestic performance, but that its operations in Britain and the United States are knocking the socks off its Irish parent.’
      • ‘I believe a professionally delivered security assessment knocks the socks off a classic penetration test for value and cost effectiveness.’
      • ‘I've spent a lot of time in the swanky bars of London, Leeds and all other cities around the UK, but I have to say, Manchester in general knocks the socks off anywhere.’
      • ‘Gilbert agreed: ‘This is a 16 bit processor that knocks the socks off 32 bit.’’
      • ‘The three top cheeses in the competition would knock the socks off most Continental varieties.’
      • ‘The 90's have seen the whole group, not just Paul, mature into great songwriters, to the point where their 2 ‘comeback’ albums knock the socks off all previous releases.’
      • ‘The creation of blockbuster new products that knock the socks off the competition, sets a new standard for your industry, and even creates new market categories are ultimately the surest way to growth.’
      • ‘This is an advanced anti-aging cream that knocks the socks off its pricier competitors.’
  • — one's socks off

    • informal Do something with great energy and enthusiasm.

      ‘she acted her socks off’
      • ‘Rock and dance your socks off to the tunes of DJ Steady B and guests from the Kidnapper Crew, whose films will be projected on the walls.’
      • ‘Mrs Avison, 54, who has been headteacher at the school for five years, said: ‘Some of the pupils worked their socks off to get G grades.’’
      • ‘And within three minutes you're laughing your socks off, which is a good sign.’
      • ‘Did I see you on the telly, singing your socks off in front of Simon, Sharon and Louis?’
      • ‘That said however, there's a great self belief in this team and the players will work their socks off for each other.’
      • ‘Prepare to laugh your socks off with the craziest clowns in town and top circus acts from all over the world at the Circus Hilarious show which takes place at Forum 28, Duke Street, on Wednesday, February 16, at 2pm and 5pm.’
      • ‘And Rev Phillips reserved special praise for church-goers who had helped push forward the renovations: ‘They have worked their socks off over the last 20 years.’’
      • ‘Club entertainments manager Norman Russon said: ‘Everyone had worked their socks off and we raised thousands of pounds.’’
      • ‘My daughter and my granddaughters were sobbing their socks off.’
      • ‘They have worked their socks off to achieve it, which is wonderful.’
  • pull one's socks up

    • informal Make an effort to improve one's work, performance, or behavior.

      • ‘We'll have to pull our socks up and get back to what we know we can do.’
      • ‘Now we've finally been appointed it might hit home to one or two that they need to pull their socks up!’
      • ‘This is the seventh year, although we've got to pull our socks up to win the Summer judging and make it seven on a trot.’
      • ‘At one stage the boys were huffing and puffing a bit but when the supporters shouted from the side I knew I had to pull my socks up and give it my all.’
      • ‘County Hall chiefs have promised to pull their socks up after this comprehensive review.’
      • ‘Then, and only then, players who begin to skip training sessions when all hope of league success had evaporated, would have to pull their socks up and knuckle down to realistic training throughout the entire season.’
      • ‘A more professional approach to the game has made each member of the side a better fielder, keener to win, no longer prepared to be pushed about by sides that could beat them if they pulled their socks up.’
      • ‘There's also no home page so I've got to pull my socks up and get that organised before next Tuesday when I start college and my spare time disappears.’
      • ‘I'll do my best to pull my socks up, get my act together, and make up for the lost time.’
      • ‘‘The authorities need to pull their socks up and I am hoping that after the election fever which is gripping the Town Hall is over, we can start the ball rolling,’ she says.’
  • put a sock in it

    • informal usually in imperativeStop talking.

      • ‘She's a really good audience, too; she'll listen to - and laugh at - my stupid jokes when everyone else just tells me to put a sock in it.’
      • ‘So after a lifetime of being told to put a sock in it while you're on the job and in the field, where has this left you?’
      • ‘If a luminary on the campaign team goes ‘off message’ with a genuinely sensible observation, put a sock in it, pronto.’
      • ‘Looking at her, I exhaled and shook my head, deciding to just put a sock in it for the evening.’
      • ‘With enough bytes already spilled (somewhat heatedly) on the Web about this, I decided to put a sock in it.’
      • ‘Jack went and sat down in the chair next to me and made a face, ‘Eh, put a sock in it, you old hag.’’
      • ‘The next time you want to weigh in on U.S. tax policy, with all due respect, put a sock in it.’
      • ‘Once she'd put a sock in it, I did what we all do when we're lost: I asked a nice man the way.’
      • ‘How true, how very true, you are so wise, but put a sock in it, eh?’
      • ‘Whatever transpires, never, repeat never, simply complain to the parents about the noise, inform your local police or neighborhood authority, or tell the budding basher to put a sock in it.’
      be quiet, keep quiet, stay quiet, be silent, keep silent, stay silent, hold one's tongue, keep one's lips sealed
      View synonyms
  • sock and buskin

    • archaic The theatrical profession; drama.

      • ‘Mills said he had given up his trade of glue-making for the sock and buskin, and he hoped soon to have an engagement at one of the minors.’
      • ‘In the seclusion of a then inland Calvinistic college the seductions of the drama still pursued him, and sock and buskin made their prints all along the pages of the ‘Pastime.’’
  • sock it to someone

    • informal Attack or make a forceful impression on someone.

      • ‘Thanks to the many readers who socked it to us for the spelling error.’
      • ‘Yes, on that show, yes, and I remember being amazed at it, that he was actually just there and he did sock it to me.’
      • ‘That's right, sandals are made to be worn without socks, so don't let the fashion police spot you because they might end up socking it to you.’
      • ‘Yet, I feel the collaborative process, in which the script was developed, missed a good opportunity to really sock it to us.’
      • ‘The company really socks it to you, however, if you want more OS support - increasing the OS support to three years costs another $1,400.’
      • ‘Me on the other hand, I was willing to sock it to them once in a while.’
      • ‘I wanted to burst out laughing; Eliza was socking it to her!’
      • ‘The real question is: who is the audience for this curious little show, the latest from a line of gravely-voiced American actresses who could be leading nice quiet lives in rest homes but instead seem determined to sock it to us one more time?’
      • ‘It's also wrong to sock it to Hobson and Eastern Bays residents because they live in more expensive suburbs.’
      • ‘So anyway, what I was trying to say before I got all sidetracked was - sock it to me.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • sock something away

    • Put money aside as savings.

      ‘you'll need to sock away about $900 a month’
      • ‘That has allowed the government to put aside money for regional infrastructure projects and sock away millions into a rainy-day fund that can be tapped when oil prices are low.’
      • ‘People alive today know that there are not enough people in the workforce to support a public pension; they're trying to sock it away for their retirement.’
      • ‘Anyway, I was saving up some money to do a little work on my car, but instead I'm going to sock it away for a scorpion tattoo.’
      • ‘Other money has been socked away to earn interest in city reserve funds.’
      • ‘Many are also saddled with record debt and have squandered their 401's during the years when they should be aggressively socking it away.’
      • ‘Of course, I also don't want to spend an arm and a leg doing so since I'd like to spend that time socking money away for when I do find a decent place to buy.’
      • ‘That would be okay if I weren't trying to sock some cash away for a new set of wheels.’
      • ‘We know what newsletters he gets and how much he's socked away in the stock market.’
      • ‘But all of the extra fees and hassles have yet to stop the vast majority of us from socking our money away in banks.’
      • ‘She once again starts socking her benefit away for retirement.’
  • sock something in

    • (of weather) envelop.

      ‘the beach was socked in with fog’
      • ‘Right now the weather is kind of socked in there at base camp so we are not able to fly.’
      • ‘We found out Kosovo was socked in and the weather was getting worse (go figure!’
      • ‘The coast was socked in with fog this morning, making an inland Southern California heat wave look like a mirage.’
      • ‘He thought the Alaska State Troopers might fly over, but said he didn't realize at the time that everyone else in the vicinity was socked in with snow as well, preventing any possible flight.’
      • ‘The message they were getting was clear: we had been on this lollipop cruise for six weeks, got socked in with weather for a seventh, and now, finally, it was time to shut up and fly the hours.’
      • ‘Don't let the field get socked in with early morning fog or a decreasing ceiling when you no longer have enough fuel to get to your divert base.’
      • ‘In June the Monterey coast weather can be sunny or socked in.’
      • ‘When the weather socked in again, the infantrymen and artillerymen were ready for the German main attack that took place on Christmas Eve.’

Origin

Old English socc ‘light shoe’, of Germanic origin, from Latin soccus ‘comic actor's shoe, light low-heeled slipper’, from Greek sukkhos.

Pronunciation

sock

/sɑk//säk/