Definition of slave in English:

slave

noun

historical
  • 1A person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them.

    • ‘All kinds of property including slaves are inheritable by relatives.’
    • ‘A University of Pennsylvania report estimates 750,000 women were trafficked into the U.S. as sex slaves in the past decade.’
    • ‘Since slaves were property, once you find the slave owner, search the records to find out what he did with his property.’
    • ‘So instead of owning the property, former slaves who wanted to stay there had to work for the former slaveholders.’
    • ‘At any time, a master could confiscate any money that a slave had saved up, and the slave had no legal recourse.’
    • ‘To say that a slave is simply the property or another does not adequately describe the condition of bonded dependents in an African context.’
    • ‘After about 1831 you had to get legal approval to release slaves.’
    • ‘For most American slaves, forced relocation south was anathema and often the first impetus for their flight to Canada.’
    • ‘It is a multifaceted paradox that the forced immigration of African slaves was born of the saintly Las Casas's concern that the remaining natives should not be worked to death.’
    • ‘He understands his position, while a slave, as transportable property.’
    • ‘Each clan had many slaves, much property, and great political power.’
    • ‘The economic foundations of the Confederacy were overthrown and property in slaves valued at $4 billion was expropriated.’
    • ‘Here the whites enjoyed such a preponderance that they could dare to assign people of ‘mixed blood’ the same social and legal basis as their slaves.’
    • ‘Two hundred years ago it was legal to own a slave but illegal to have an abortion.’
    • ‘Property rights in slaves and their labor can be bought and sold via market transactions.’
    • ‘While a slave could be raffled off or wagered at the master's whim, freeing a slave was fraught with legal obstacles.’
    • ‘This was recognition that insurance companies made profits insuring slaves as property.’
    • ‘Technically Roman slaves were the property, the chattels, of their owners, held in a state of total subjection.’
    • ‘What this meant in terms of the slaves ' legal status was unclear.’
    bondsman, bondswoman, bondservant, bondslave, serf, vassal, thrall
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A person who works very hard without proper remuneration or appreciation.
      ‘by the time I was ten, I had become her slave, doing all the housework’
      • ‘Her solicitor claimed that Smith's wife was his slave.’
      • ‘The media joked that men would become domestic slaves to working women.’
      • ‘Because in the end, the workers became the slaves of the communist masters.’
      • ‘Citizens enjoy being lackeys and slaves to rich folks.’
      • ‘In all reality, I was his slave.’
      • ‘Many women are virtual slaves to their pimps, snared by false protestations of love, and then held in his thrall by a combination of violence and spurious affection.’
    2. 1.2A person who is excessively dependent upon or controlled by something.
      ‘the poorest people of the world are slaves to the banks’
      ‘she was no slave to fashion’
      • ‘Many people think that if there's something in the genome that controls our lives we're slaves to it.’
      • ‘So we make this big loan, most of it comes back to the United States, the country is left with the debt plus lots of interest, and they basically become our servants, our slaves.’
      • ‘And as for domestic animals, they are total slaves to the whims of others.’
      • ‘We don't want to forget the past, but we don't want to remain slaves of the past.’
      • ‘In many places where there is no transferable title that is recognized nation-wide, people are in effect slaves to a traditional plot of land.’
      • ‘I work very hard - in fact, I've had to work like a slave because I was a slave to drugs.’
      • ‘The universe is clearly a slave to the numbers - as long as you selectively pick the numbers and make up the rules for their accumulation, after the fact.’
      • ‘The day we lose our rebellious streak against ridiculous restrictions is the day we allow ourselves to become slaves to political correctness and the elites of Dublin and Europe.’
      • ‘Why do we allow ourselves to become slaves to narcotics?’
      • ‘Such people, of course, rarely will admit being slaves to fashion.’
      • ‘I am a free man, not a number; not a slave to silly ideas, not all that crazy and not one to suffer fools gladly!’
      • ‘We should want people to have more choice in how they lead their lives, rather than being slaves to their physical reactions.’
      • ‘America was the world's first nation to set up a system in which individuals owned their government - as opposed to the rest of the world were people remained slaves to their rulers.’
      • ‘But it is wrong to become a slave to food or to let it control you.’
      • ‘The exhibition reminds the viewers how the innocence of the tribals was cruelly exploited by those from the cities, how a large body of the tribal population became slaves to alcohol.’
      • ‘The choice of a slave to Russia versus a slave to the West may not be a great one, but the will of the people must prevail.’
      • ‘He insists designers must look to the future or become slaves to the past.’
      • ‘But that was in an era when women, like men, were slaves to convention.’
      • ‘As Sir James Steuart commented in 1767, ‘men are forced to labour now because they are slaves to their own wants’.’
      • ‘It seems these slaves to efficiency have mastered the age-old art of time maximization like no others of our generation.’
    3. 1.3A device, or part of one, directly controlled by another.
      [as modifier] ‘a slave cassette deck’
      Compare with master
      • ‘The arbiter device receives requests for data transfers from the master devices and selectively transmits the requests to the slave devices.’
      • ‘Power down your old computer, and install the new drive as a slave device to your old drive.’
      • ‘In this case the slave machine acquires the resources after the ten-second node timeout occurs, as shown in the log excerpt.’
      • ‘That is to say that a slave antenna is calibrated with reference to another one considered as the reference antenna.’
      • ‘Data lock is achieved by making sure that the slave machines in the cluster are on the correct eye when the parallel port is in a certain state.’
      • ‘This connection strategy also negates the need for master / slave jumper settings on devices.’
      • ‘Each of the slave processors calculates the likelihood of the tree, given a set of parameters.’
      • ‘One node is designated as the master node controlling the scheduling of the slave nodes and all communications with the outside world.’
      • ‘Each of the slave nodes has a timer programmed with a separate failure mode detection time period.’
      • ‘I believe the source of my problem is that I installed the second hard drive as slave on the secondary IDE.’
      • ‘The controller acts as a liaison between the slave work processor and the master, leaving the work processor to concentrate solely on data processing.’
      • ‘What happens next is pretty cool but is hidden from the user (unless you hook up a monitor to a slave node).’
      • ‘The link slave devices and the link controller include protocol logic for communication according to a bidirectional protocol.’
      • ‘Fortunately, a slave pin is included in the kit.’
      • ‘If the master fails, we have a way to switch to a slave machine quickly and with minimal data loss, if any.’
      • ‘This cylinder is actually a slave cylinder that is hydraulically interconnected to the big lift cylinder on the main boom.’
      • ‘The technology would also eliminate the need for master / slave jumpers on devices to simplify installation.’
      • ‘Only registered users are able to upload code to the slave machines.’
      • ‘Furthermore, the master also controls when devices transmit data, since slaves can only transmit when scheduled by the master.’
      • ‘I first installed Linux when my hard drive was a primary slave.’
    4. 1.4An ant captured in its pupal state by an ant of another species, for which it becomes a worker.
      • ‘Formica subnuda is a facultative slave-making ant, and colonies without slaves are often found.’
      • ‘When the brood matures, the workers begin slave raids on more Formica nests.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1 Work excessively hard.

    ‘after slaving away for fourteen years, all he gets is two thousand’
    • ‘It will be the crowning moment of countless hours spent slaving away in his extended garage.’
    • ‘And I'll be stuck slaving away in some moldy old courtroom, wondering ‘what if?’’
    • ‘She was scrubbing floors and slaving away to pay for food and lodging.’
    • ‘Still, after a day slaving away at a hot computer terminal, I vowed to go home and bash away on at least one design tonight.’
    • ‘I've been slaving over this one - really, I have!’
    • ‘It keeps us working forever, chained to our desks slaving day after day to pay for it.’
    • ‘They had heard about aboriginal writers slaving away somewhere out there on new scripts for theatre, but where were they all hiding?’
    • ‘Admittedly, it gets a little boring at times, but that suits me just fine, because at least I'm not slaving away at some unfulfilling, low-paying job that I probably wouldn't be good at anyway.’
    • ‘We are having sound and plasma screens in all the rooms, and we won't have to spend weekends slaving over DIY.’
    • ‘After slaving over a business plan, the pair applied to the Prince's Trust for a loan and were awarded the money in February 2000.’
    • ‘I'd feel bad knowing you were slaving away your Saturday.’
    • ‘But when I got home, Justin had obviously spent all day slaving away, making a 3 course dinner.’
    • ‘She's spent five years slaving away for her millionaire real estate tycoon tyrant of a boss - and she's sick of it!’
    • ‘It's so warm out and since I was slaving away in the hot kitchen, I opened up the windows to get some air circulating.’
    • ‘Why slave long and hard in the kitchen, when you can make this salad in minutes, leaving you free to concentrate on the one you love!’
    • ‘We were back at his house, slaving away at homework.’
    • ‘You've been slaving over dinosaur details for days on end.’
    • ‘I mean, I've only been slaving away at it for the past two weeks.’
    • ‘When you're slaving away on perfecting your own projects, to see someone else exhibit that care and that passion, even in an entirely different field, is a pleasure.’
    • ‘For months I had seen people slaving away behind newspaper-covered windows that only allowed for a peek.’
    toil, labour, grind, sweat, work one's fingers to the bone, work day and night, work like a trojan, work like a dog, keep one's nose to the grindstone, exert oneself, grub, plod, plough
    work one's guts out, work one's socks off, kill oneself, sweat blood, knock oneself out, plug away, slog away
    graft, fag
    bullock
    work one's arse off, work one's balls off, work one's nuts off
    work one's ass off, work one's butt off
    drudge, travail, moil
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[with object]Subject (a device) to control by another.
      ‘should the need arise, the two channels can be slaved together’
      • ‘The commander has the option of handing off the target to the gunner or of slaving the gun to the commander's sight and initiating the fire.’
      • ‘In the second mode, the mobile terminal slaves its user pilot to the pilot it receives from the base station and the user data channel is synchronized with this slaved user pilot.’
      • ‘In addition the gunner's primary sight is slaved to the main gun, which does not allow the gunner to acquire targets in a hull-down posture.’
      • ‘The control system on the Moon can be slaved to individual receivers on Earth.’
      • ‘You would be infecting the new machine when you slaved the drive.’
      • ‘Slave your targeting telemetry to mine and wait for my command to fire.’
      • ‘Modern combat was too fast for anything like that anymore, so the turret was permanently slaved to the co-pilot's seat.’
      • ‘The roof sighting system is slaved to the pilot's helmet and as soon as a target is identified the fire-resolution computers calculate the future position of the target and aim the cannon at that future position.’
      • ‘It worked like a charm too - slaving the targeting telemetry.’
      • ‘An optional servo-controlled overhead weapons platform can be slaved to the commander's sight to allow operation independent from the turret.’
      • ‘During flight the missile is automatically slaved at about 0.5m above the line-of-sight to avoid obstacles.’
      • ‘The helmet measures the pilot's line of sight to the target so the sensors, avionics and weapons are slaved to the target.’
      • ‘Another aspect that necessitates some planning is that the thermisters and fan controllers are slaved together in pairs.’

Origin

Middle English: shortening of Old French esclave, equivalent of medieval Latin sclava (feminine) Slavic (captive): some South Slavic peoples had been reduced to a servile state by conquest in the 9th century.

Pronunciation:

slave

/slāv/