Definition of slate in English:

slate

noun

  • 1A fine-grained gray, green, or bluish metamorphic rock easily split into smooth, flat pieces.

    • ‘The first floor accommodation is completed by a spacious family bathroom with slate floor and rich green walls.’
    • ‘Stone is just what its name implies: quarried slate, limestone, flagstone, granite, or marble.’
    • ‘His study of occupational lung diseases included the pathology of workers exposed to coal, talc, slate, and kaolin.’
    • ‘Hodge Close was one of a group of green slate quarries in the Lake District that were worked from the mid-19th century.’
    • ‘The fashion ads also incorporate stone, rock, water and slate for a textural feeling.’
    • ‘The choices when it comes to real stone are generally traditional York stone, sandstone, limestone or slate.’
    • ‘The floors are locally quarried slate, carried from the mountains on donkey back and hand-cut to fit tightly together in random patterns.’
    • ‘The rural landscape and simple landforms have proved a great stimulus, and many of her pieces incorporate stone, slate or limestone.’
    • ‘It consists of graphitic schist and slate, psammite, pelitic schist/gneiss and augen gneiss at structurally higher levels.’
    • ‘The most resistant rocks are quartzite and quartz-rich sandstones, and tough fine-grained rocks such as slate.’
    • ‘These extrusive rocks are tilted and rest unconformably upon metamorphosed limestone, shale, and slate.’
    • ‘By the mid-19th century there were 15 quarries working slate, flags, sandstone and limestone.’
    • ‘But also consider some other bathroom floor options, like slate or marble, or even rubber tiles.’
    • ‘Glaciers have deposited shale, slate, schist, and limestone throughout the region.’
    • ‘Beyond the kitchen is the family room, which has a cast-iron fireplace and quarry slate floor.’
    • ‘The smooth slate floor of the bottom level reflects the rough basalt on the pathway through a preserved grove of evergreens.’
    • ‘New surfaces are made from chemical compounds and are designed to mimic granite, limestone, marble, slate, or soapstone.’
    • ‘With two floors of windows, natural wood, river rock and slate, it makes a perfect backdrop for the captivating view.’
    • ‘It includes a variety of rocks, such as basalt, granite, gneiss, quartzite, slate, and schist.’
    • ‘The most handsome and timeless of materials is stone such as marble, granite, limestone, or slate.’
    1. 1.1 A flat piece of slate used as roofing material.
      • ‘The council discovered that there were loose slates on the roof which would have fallen into the street without the gutter in place.’
      • ‘A number of slates had come loose from the roof and crashed into the bushes.’
      • ‘We appear to have inherited a number of problems with roofing tiles and slates which are not always fixed with the precision and detailing required by the manufacturers (number of fixings etc).’
      • ‘He said, ‘I remember a time when there was chicken wire pinned to the eaves to stop the slates falling on the children.’’
      • ‘The floor tiles, roof slates and even the pottery that the monks used were also all French as were the coins, representing the dues that the monks collected for the benefit of their Mother House.’
      • ‘Roofing slates from the Delabole quarry have been used on several Adelaide buildings, including the Post Office, Town Hall, Museum and Adelaide University.’
      • ‘Timber roof supports burnt away, causing large slates to fall into the building and the front of one of the flats to bulge.’
      • ‘While my friends were frightening themselves in the ghostly changing rooms, I found a stockpile of short, square roofing slates.’
      • ‘Check that your roof isn't missing any shingles, tiles, slates or nails.’
      • ‘Among the demands made by the council are the painting of gable walls, plastering a brick chimney, and fixing loose slates.’
      • ‘He grabbed the peak of the roof as he fell full against the slates.’
      • ‘She said she feared loose slates and masonry could fall from the roof.’
      • ‘On the corner of the property was the coach house, still standing and with lots of charm - with a shingle roof, and wooden slates below the roof.’
      • ‘They were mainly being asked to remove fallen trees or dangerous roof slates which had come loose and were a danger to the public.’
      • ‘She dropped down onto the roof of the porch and caught her foot on a loose slate which crashed to the ground beneath her.’
      • ‘Research carried out last year highlighted features such as village springs, stone roofing slates and sheep washes, which were often in a poor state of repair.’
      • ‘It needs to be re-roofed, the slates are falling off and the building is rotting.’
      • ‘A leaking roof can lead to damage on ceilings and walls, so it is important to replace loose or cracked slates, and get damaged material on flat roofs repaired.’
      • ‘Elterwater slate dresser Clifford Barrow drew the crowds as he sliced through stone to produce 19-inch roofing slates, used on buildings across Britain.’
      • ‘At least one criminal gang is targeting properties in Oldham and stealing items like roof slates, coping stones, flagstones and walls.’
  • 2A flat piece of slate used for writing on, typically framed in wood, formerly used in schools.

    • ‘Also on the anvil are a Braille slate, abacus for mathematics, geometry set with raised numbers and an alphabet plate to enable the visually impaired to learn to write.’
    • ‘She gave us slates to write on, made us chant some Empire geography facts, ordered us to sit up straight and swished her cane around with aplomb.’
    • ‘I remember writing on a slate and rubbing it off with a sponge, and learning to write using what was called a copybook.’
    • ‘Restored and resplendent, it opens its doors to visitors with handbags instead of schoolchildren swinging schoolbags full of slates, pencils and books.’
    • ‘For homework, finish both sides of your slates, writing lower case E's.’
    • ‘And the headmaster had to beg businesses to pay for books, slates and pencils because the school could not supply them.’
    • ‘Grandma looked up him, took a hold of her slate and wrote.’
    • ‘She is quite pleased with her knowledge about courts when she is able to pick out the jury, twelve animals and birds who are busy writing on their slates.’
    • ‘Pupils had the chance to try out writing on slates, and desks were set out in rows as in years gone by.’
    • ‘Children from the regiment showed visitors traditional toys such as wooden dolls, slates and embroidery hoops.’
    • ‘I studied in a village school sitting on the floor and we wrote on slates.’
    • ‘He began to write on the slate, the chalk moving up and down to form the letters of his answer.’
    • ‘The colliery village's principle attractions are the driftwood mine, where the visitor is taken to the coalface, and the school, in which children can try out the desks and writing slates and play games of the period.’
    • ‘Each kit contains enough equipment - including paints, pens, exercise books, chalks and slates - for 80 pupils for a month.’
    • ‘Visitors can take their place at desks in three period classrooms and write on slates with chalk before progressing to dip pens and use exercise books to practise ornate copperplate writing.’
    • ‘Each of the boxes includes enough pencils, exercise books, slates and school bags for a class of up to 80 pupils.’
    • ‘The children - all below five years - were given new uniforms, slates and shoes and sent to a nursery outside the jail.’
    • ‘The reverse of the gold 2,000 baht depicts in the center a Thai girl sitting and writing a script with a slate and a tray on the floor.’
    • ‘Mac went to school when they wrote on slates and so did I. Mind you, Mac's posh school probably had paper and ink.’
    • ‘The youngsters sit on bare floors in two rooms, writing notes on slates as the teacher writes on a small chalkboard.’
    1. 2.1 A board showing the identifying details of a take of a motion picture, which is held in front of the camera at its beginning and end.
      • ‘We ascend, our cameras out of film and our slates covered in a jumble of barely decipherable notes.’
      • ‘The slate's most obvious purpose is the documentation it provides on what scene is being filmed, when it was filmed, what take it was, which film reel it was, etc.’
      • ‘This color cartoon clipart picture shows a woman holding a slate for a movie set, ready to clap the bar shut; the slate has a number "2" written on it, for take two.’
      • ‘The director of this film actually clapped the slate and then decided that these scenes were KEEPERS.’
    2. 2.2 A small portable computer that accepts input directly onto its screen rather than via a keyboard or mouse; a tablet computer.
      ‘after getting our hands on one this afternoon, we found that it’s a solid, well-performing slate that’s easy on the eyes’
      • ‘The older iPad at $399 will really put the hurt on the Galaxy Tabs and Windows slates of the world.’
      • ‘Laptop computers, slates, tablets and the obligatory 'Argyll Shipwrecks' book sat open on the surrounding tables.’
      • ‘It may be that we have to have two models, one slate, without a keyboard, and one notebook-convertible.’
      • ‘PC makers sold 122,000 slates last year, making the category less than 1 percent of the total PC market.’
      • ‘There are two types of tablet computers currently available - slates with a pen for input and convertible laptops that have hinged, rotating screens that fold over a keyboard.’
      • ‘Photographing him holding the slate evokes the image of someone playing with an Etch-a-Sketch.’
      • ‘If the new rumours are correct, Apple's second-gen iPad will be released earlier than the majority of competing slates.’
      • ‘The retailer could sell its slate as a loss leader, but still profit by directing its tablet users to its own services and software.’
      • ‘If you need to take notes in the field, then a slate or a convertible tablet may be a better choice for your company.’
      • ‘Notebook computers and slates that let you enter data in handwriting and store it either as "digital ink" or convert it to text had a big "wow" factor.’
      • ‘I would have preferred a simple white thin slate with a screen.’
      • ‘The "slate" uses virtual keyboards that you poke at with a special stylus, or handwriting recognition that is hit-and-miss.’
      • ‘Some day, Mac users may all be using slates with the classic mechanical keyboard and mouse a thing of the past.’
      • ‘Wouldn't a mobile operating system be a better fit for slates?’
      • ‘He estimated that an average slate could sell for $700, creating a downside where netbooks and laptops see their sales cannibalized.’
      • ‘Thanks to the swivel screen, you can either open it up and use it like a traditional laptop, swivel it up to 180 degrees for sharing or fold it back on itself, creating a touchscreen slate.’
      • ‘The second-generation iPad slate will address some of the issues of the original one.’
      • ‘They'll be hunting for a slate that can be carried around and does only what they need it to do: browse, communicate, entertain.’
      • ‘Their forthcoming slate will have Wi-Fi and 3G connectivity as well as a multi-touch screen.’
      • ‘This year the situation gets tougher for Apple as numerous PC suppliers plan to release their slates for different customers, with different specifications and at different price-points.’
  • 3[usually as modifier] A bluish-gray color.

    ‘suits of slate gray’
    • ‘Contemporary hues of fruity sorbets, whites and soft neutrals will add zest to any wardrobe, and there are earthy slate colours, denims and shades of stone and copper to add versatility.’
    • ‘Its cousin, the stunning kokako, is slate gray with sky-blue wattles decorating a black-masked face.’
    • ‘He was in his shirt sleeves with a slate gray waistcoat and matching trousers.’
    • ‘He looked up at Jon, who was studying him with his slate gray eyes.’
    • ‘At one moment, it was slate gray, the next an inky black.’
    • ‘The metal frames are then treated with a rust-preventative lacquer that can be infused with eight different colors, from slate gray to emerald green.’
    • ‘A jacket hung over his arm, the exact color of his slate gray slacks.’
    • ‘The sky is the colour of slate grey and touching the roof tops.’
    • ‘His slate gray eyes turned a dull black, and I closed my eyes in pain.’
    • ‘His eyes were slate gray, and his hair, cinnamon-colored and longish, hung straight down to his shoulders, tucked back now behind his ears.’
    • ‘I could not see a town, not a road, only mountains, glacial valleys, a few icy blue lakes and rivers that from the air looked slate gray.’
    • ‘However, their true color varies among individuals from a uniform dark slate gray with little whitish mottling to a very light blue with extensive mottling.’
    • ‘She was now wearing a slate wrap-around shirt, and a grey coat.’
    • ‘Cool colours such as slate grey, navy, sleek steel and chrome are seen as inherently male.’
    • ‘Ryan O'Connor leans against the edge of the stage, wearing jeans and a slate blue shirt that brings out the green in his eyes.’
    • ‘He turned around and met a pair of slate gray eyes.’
    • ‘The bed was a twin, neatly made in the usual slate gray, along with the carpet, and the furniture.’
    • ‘His head jolted up; his slate gray eyes stared longingly into my own.’
    • ‘Most of the buildings were quite tall, probably four or five stories and made of slate gray stone.’
    • ‘The morning sky was cloudless, and a dark shade of slate gray, not yet dawn.’
  • 4A list of candidates for election to a post or office, typically a group sharing a set of political views.

    ‘another slate of candidates will be picked for the state convention’
    • ‘Have you ever written to your slate or federal senators or representatives?’
    • ‘When all is said and done, each political ‘boss’ emerges unscathed and with a slate of candidates to call his or her own.’
    • ‘To bolster its opposition credentials, the Socialist Caucus is standing a full slate of candidates for the party executive, including party leader.’
    • ‘Yawar opposed the boycott call and headed a slate of Sunni candidates in the election.’
    • ‘Nominating Committee members work together to prepare and present an annual slate of candidates for national office.’
    • ‘An entire slate of candidates running in last week's student union election has been disqualified for gross violations of election rules.’
    • ‘The idea is to obtain a slate of national representatives who are a ‘mirror of the nation.’’
    • ‘That big view allows him to encompass and endorse both slates of candidates for the party's executive.’
    • ‘Not surprisingly, they are on the only slate, at this writing, that is not in principle, opposed to tuition hikes and differential fees.’
    • ‘And I was very proud, frankly of South Dakota this time, because they had a terrific slate of candidates for all the offices.’
    • ‘The divisions and states with more than one representative to the Council of Representatives should designate ethnic-minority slates for at least one of the positions.’
    • ‘Challenges to official director slates will likely be rare, but the mere threat of them could weigh heavily on management decisions.’
    • ‘We're putting together a slate of candidates to run together in the primaries next year for state legislature.’
    • ‘First, for three consecutive terms the Concordia student population has elected slates of anti-capitalist representatives.’
    • ‘With six slates and 46 candidates for the board running in the election, candidates outnumbered audience members at each debate.’
    • ‘The election for that Parliament has to be made from a complete slate of six candidates.’
    • ‘At the end of 1951 the Free Officers ran their own slate of candidates for election to the board of directors of the Officers' Club in Cairo.’
    • ‘As it is, the unions always run slates of candidates during the board's elections and hold caucus meetings before board meetings to discuss how teachers are going to vote.’
    • ‘The Greater London elections also saw a slate of socialists winning substantial votes.’
    • ‘Under Illinois law the Green Party had only 90 days to collect the signatures and was also required to field a slate of candidates for every office on the ballot.’
    1. 4.1North American A range of something offered.
      ‘the company has revealed details of a $60 million slate of film productions’
      • ‘HBO hasn't gone all out, but they have provided a decent slate of extra material that delves deeply into the roots of this show.’
      • ‘He questions how many providers offering basically the same slate of services can exist in a market.’
      • ‘The international future, then, offers up a whole slate of questions and requirements, and sets a steep agenda for preparing strategic leaders.’
      • ‘Now in its third year, the Casa del Popolo's in-house music fest offers a slate of performers from around the world.’
      • ‘The hallmark of the film festival this year was a slate of African films, heralding a mini-renaissance.’
      • ‘BBC Television is investing in the biggest slate of emblematic, major projects in its history.’
      • ‘Ross and crew jumped in with a production slate of a dozen original films annually, a gambit that has paid off.’
      • ‘Presently we have a slate of another 19 films, which are all scheduled to be produced in Bulgaria over the next three years.’
      • ‘The festival also featured a full slate of workshops and panels.’
      • ‘The USMA Band and its ensembles can keep your toes tapping with a full slate of free public concerts and recitals throughout the year.’
      • ‘The spring show will build on this success by kicking off the trade season with an entire slate of new records for number of buyers, exhibitors, scale, and selection.’
      • ‘Beneath these vastly newsworthy honours, however, is the same slate of police, army, foreign service, civil service and public service awards.’
      • ‘I'd like to see a major studio take its slate down to 8 films a year… and have 6 significant moneymakers.’
      • ‘He issues loans for slates of films at a studio - 5 to 15 at a time - not single flicks.’
      • ‘The week after a slate of games, hats will be worn and old jerseys can be seen throughout the team complex - losers forced to dress in hostile colors against their own will.’
      • ‘Be prepared to see a whole slate of films next summer filmed in 3D!’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cover (something, especially a roof) with slates.

    • ‘The roof will be slated and the front elevations will mostly be of natural stone, and each house has a large back garden.’
    • ‘Roofs can be either tiled or slated.’
    • ‘The entire centre of the yard was covered and slated with a large open-ended platform at either end.’
    • ‘The contractor shall inspect all surfaces prepared for slating.’
  • 2British informal Criticize severely.

    ‘his work was slated by the critics’
    • ‘Last December it was slated in a highly critical report released by the powerful Commons Treasury Select Committee.’
    • ‘Although I admit to being one of those who'll slate a referee at a match, I also understand the enormous task they face once the whistle is blown.’
    • ‘British car journalists slated the car, ‘but why?’’
    • ‘Browne slates the Catholic Church authorities for their failures.’
    • ‘But the comedian, whose previews were unanimously slated by the critics last week, informed festival organisers that the show could not go on, for the time being at least.’
    • ‘The design plans have been slated and the size and scale of the entire undertaking must be totally rethought.’
    • ‘They both slated the referee, who, they claimed, was wrong to allow a goal scored by Dublin.’
    • ‘He says New Zealand is a country trying to promote itself as a leading golf destination, so the last thing the sport needs is its number one professional slating a leading course.’
    • ‘The bill was slated as a death sentence for several organisations working in the country.’
    • ‘‘The London premiere was slated by the critics for being propaganda, and it hasn't been performed since, but it has value,’ Osborne says.’
    criticize harshly, attack, pillory, lambaste, condemn, flay, savage, shoot down, revile, vilify
    pan, knock, pull to pieces, take to pieces, tear to pieces, pull apart, take apart, crucify, hammer, slam, do a hatchet job on, bash, give something a battering, roast, skewer, maul, throw brickbats at
    rubbish, slag off, monster
    trash, pummel
    bag
    slash
    excoriate
    View synonyms
  • 3North American usually be slatedSchedule; plan.

    ‘renovations are slated for late June’
    [with object] ‘construction is slated to begin late next year’
    • ‘The day's schedule had us slated for just before lunch.’
    • ‘The initial native program was slated to last only two years, but Roger and staff have made a long-term commitment to keep the areas intact.’
    • ‘The plan is slated to take effect for 2007 models.’
    • ‘The three-year experimental program is slated to end this summer, and because of the state's tight budget situation, may not be renewed.’
    • ‘Not only that, her new boyfriend, one of the newspapermen from the train, seems to be enamored of the mysterious Sophia and is slated to cover the final event.’
    • ‘The plan, slated for the go-ahead by the city, has been put on hold by the province.’
    • ‘In the meantime, Edmund is slated to take his father's estate.’
    • ‘I arrived early enough to read the papers in time for the first interview, which was slated for recording at eleven.’
    • ‘He said more Jacksonville stores are slated for renovations, but could not confirm which ones.…’
    • ‘However, they expect some answers from the voluntary, two-year, nationwide monitoring program, which is slated to begin later this year.’
    • ‘The city says the street was slated for repairs before the governor's appearance was scheduled.’
    • ‘Both games are slated to start at 8: 00 p.m. in the Physical Activities Centre.’
    • ‘Why would it appear on the cover of an edition slated for the UK?’
    • ‘Already more than half the population is covered by this Programme and full coverage is slated for 2005.’
    • ‘At press time, renovation work was slated to start on Nov.18, but McDonough expected some permitting delays.’
    • ‘The show is slated to be open sometime in November or December and will be in Mumbai as well as in Delhi, ‘he said.’’
    • ‘As to settlement assets, there are 2,586 homes slated for evacuation, covering approximately 20 per cent of the land in Gaza.’
    • ‘At least four plays are slated to open this week…’
    • ‘The trade union federation is demanding that a list of 30 companies slated for closure be covered by a severance agreement.’
    • ‘Kelly's court appearance is slated for Jan. 30.’
    1. 3.1 Nominate (someone) as a candidate for an office or post.
      ‘I understand that I am being slated for promotion’
      • ‘The Nominations Committee has slated candidates for the position of Chair-elect and Secretary.’
      • ‘The Democrats and Republicans slated their legislative candidates at the end of September or in early October, with the election scheduled for November 7.’
      • ‘The criticism the Municipal Reform Club received from Republican circles for not endorsing Thomas and for slating a candidate to oppose Bash seemed to increase Thomas' confidence.’
      • ‘I am slated to open an office in a prestigious location with a co-worker coming up in September.’
      • ‘Well, last night I got an email saying that my application is selected and I'm slated to go look on a Cornell team for the ivory-billed woodpecker in early December.’
      • ‘I'm presently slated to moderate fourteen (!) panels, most of them about comic book history, and they're all goodies.’
      • ‘That officer was slated to become the squadron leader before he died.’
      • ‘Neither is Powell slated to be the Attorney General, where he may choose the civil rights czar, who carves the policy groove on race in the Justice Department.’
      • ‘That is important - he was twice slated for disqualification during the year (possibly meaning a life ban).’
      • ‘He is slated to lead depressed Argentina until elections for a new president in March.’
  • 4Identify (a movie take) using a slate.

    • ‘Slate every shot, even if you are going direct into the camera.’
    • ‘When one camera is slated, someone puts their hand over the lens of the other camera to block the view of the other camera's slate.’
    • ‘They discuss how to proceed, conduct run-throughs, slate shots, film the filming; and as they do so, you get to know these young people.’

Phrases

  • wipe the slate clean

    • Forgive or forget past faults or offenses; make a fresh start.

      • ‘With each new year comes a fresh start, a chance to wipe the slate clean, to make way for a happier, healthier, better you.’
      • ‘To let things go, to wipe the slate clean, to forgive, to forget.’
      • ‘To be fair he had one good idea which became law - wiping the slate clean for people with very minor non-violent offences who had not re-offended for at least ten years.’
      • ‘The reason new year is such a good thing is that it resets the counter, wipes the slate clean and gives you a chance to try again at the things you failed to do last year.’
      • ‘We attempted to wipe the slate clean, and start afresh.’
      • ‘It is this ability to wipe the slate clean, to forget history and all its barriers and prejudices, which is behind the attraction of new towns.’
      • ‘He wrote: ‘Let bygones be bygones, wipe the slate clean and work toward peace.’’
      • ‘Reminiscent of classic thrillers, the movie's real core is the dangerous allure of wiping the slate clean and starting your life all over again.’
      • ‘Well, we at the Olympics have decided to forget all that, wipe the slate clean and put them to an impartial test.’
      • ‘We are going to wipe the slate clean and go back to the drawing board.’
      • ‘Can we please just wipe the slate clean and get a new government?’
      • ‘But until you can get credit again, you cannot prove you have wiped the slate clean.’
      • ‘But to abandon subjects does not just wipe the slate clean with the possibility of alternative lifestyles, pursuits and pleasures lining up to divert us.’
      • ‘So, he'd moved him and his sister to Atlanta, in the hopes that he could start fresh, wipe the slate clean.’
      • ‘However, due to a recovery plan now in force, they hope to have wiped the slate clean by March, 2005.’
      • ‘Serialism was vital in the way it wiped the slate clean, invoking a new year zero where everything would be up for grabs.’
      • ‘A glorious, annually renewed opportunity to use as you please: you can wipe the slate clean, right past wrongs, reinvent yourself entirely!’
      • ‘We're the new owners with new ideas and we're making a fresh start and we're going to wipe the slate clean.’
      • ‘I wanted to start afresh, to wipe the slate clean and forget about the endless mother-daughter feud, and finally let go of Ellum.’
      • ‘Off to the big city to seek her fortune; to escape her past, her burnt bridges; to wipe the slate clean.’

Origin

Middle English sclate, sklate, shortening of Old French esclate, feminine, synonymous with esclat piece broken off (see slat). slate of the verb arose from the practice of noting a name on a writing slate.

Pronunciation:

slate

/slāt/