Definition of sinfonia in English:

sinfonia

noun

Music
  • 1A symphony.

    • ‘His vibrant symphonies four, five and six show him at his peak, but this sinfonia is over the hill.’
    1. 1.1(in the 17th and 18th centuries) an orchestral piece used as an introduction, interlude, or postlude to an opera, oratorio, cantata, or suite.
      • ‘Such composers as Sammartini began to write sinfonias for strings, which marked a departure from Baroque instrumental forms and served as models for J. C. Bach and others.’
      • ‘It was not unusual for a Baroque composer - such as his father - to adapt a sinfonia from a cantata into a concerto movement, or to take a secular aria and insert it, with a new text, into a sacred work.’
      • ‘That Zelenka was sent to study in Italy is reflected in the Italian elements of the introduction, an orchestral sinfonia, which leads into the adagio for solo oboe.’
      • ‘The sinfonia, a type of overture, does not necessarily represent the subject of the oratorio.’
      • ‘This is a good place to explain the difference between a concerto and a sinfonia, as Scarlatti understood it.’

Origin

Italian.

Pronunciation:

sinfonia

/ˌsinfəˈnēə/