Definition of simian in US English:



  • Relating to, resembling, or affecting apes or monkeys.

    ‘simian immunodeficiency virus’
    Compare with prosimian
    • ‘Under the guiding logic of these complex dualisms, western primatology is simian orientalism.’
    • ‘The simian immunodeficiency virus destabilizes lamellar and promotes hexagonal phase, leading to the speculation that it has an effective negative intrinsic curvature.’
    • ‘They found the gel protected the macaques from infection with the simian HIV virus for more than seven hours.’
    • ‘In October, Science published the results of research conducted in the United States and Switzerland that managed to block transmission of the simian HIV in macaque monkeys.’
    • ‘This list contains all references to anything simian (monkey, ape, gorilla, etc.) up through season 13.’
    • ‘Recent studies have also shown the simian virus 40 to be present in up to 60% of all mesotheliomas.’
    • ‘Researchers have identified simian immunodeficiency virus in wild apes for the first time.’
    • ‘Studies in simian cell lines transfected with human alpha satellite sequences showed that these repetitive regions could form de novo centromeres on existing chromosomes.’
    • ‘In the case of simian virus 40, mutational analysis showed that the consecutive thymine nucleotides play an essential role in replication initiation.’
    • ‘The aerosol vaccine was grown in monkey kidney tissue; that same species of monkey carries a simian immune deficiency virus.’
    • ‘By juxtaposing man and ape in identical squatting poses, these capitals explicitly evoke the simian trait of mimicry.’
    • ‘Some sooty mangabeys in the wild are still infected with the simian version of HIV, called SIV, but the disease doesn't typically kill them.’
    • ‘Central to concerns over bushmeat are fears that carcasses can contain simian foaming virus, something scientists say can jump to humans if they eat the meat.’
    • ‘The final tenth chapter recapitulates the similarities between leaders of human and simian societies, and provides a speculative discussion of the inevitability of war.’
    • ‘Both vaccines were designed against SHIV, a virus containing components of HIV and the related monkey virus, simian immunodeficiency virus.’
    • ‘Jane Goodall, renowned British primatologist once referred to as the ‘Mother Teresa of the simian world,’ said that governmental and non-governmental ecological research organizations should integrate their efforts.’
    • ‘Australia's leading experts on the virus, which is known as simian virus 40 or SV40, have found traces of it in human tumour cells and are calling for urgent funding to clarify the links…’
    • ‘A polymerase chain reaction analysis for simian virus 40 DNA was negative.’
    • ‘Shoddy standards in Soviet vaccine plants meant that decontamination of the so-called simian virus 40 was only 95 percent effective, it says.’
    • ‘And, of course, exposure to a prairie dog or other little mammal from that Texas distributor, but not exposure to monkeys as simian lovers are quick to point out.’


  • An ape or monkey.

    • ‘We call these creatures Pro simians (meaning before the simians or apes).’
    • ‘A pointless remake of the 1968 classic, this features Mark Wahlberg as an astronaut who crash-lands on a planet that is run by simians.’
    • ‘Do others notice that we aren't anything other than well evolved simians?’
    • ‘In a Star Trek-inspired turn of events, he ends up forwarding centuries through time, crashing onto an alien planet where roles between simians and humans are reversed.’
    • ‘Since no simians have ever been detected on these islands, this population possibly acquired the virus from Indonesian simians on their migratory pathways.’
    • ‘Jerky rhythms that do nothing more than prove these simians can count to five instead of four are used, overused and abused on each and every song.’
    • ‘Monkeys and apes have a privileged relation to nature and culture for Western people: simians occupy the border zones between those potent mythic poles.’
    • ‘Franklin had already honed his horror movie directing chops on Psycho II, though I'm not sure that's much preparation for making a movie about killer simians.’
    • ‘HIV in all likelihood arose by adaptation of a closely related virus in a simian species.’
    • ‘When he's not performing with giant simians on the other side of the world, he appreciates his down time.’
    • ‘Although the planet is strangely Earth-like, you soon discover that it is ruled by intelligent and ruthless simians.’
    • ‘He later learned that a simian cytomegalic virus had been found in all of the 11 African green monkeys imported for production of the polio vaccine.’
    • ‘In this age of growing animal-empowerment, do you think monkeys and other simians should be allowed to drink, if they so desire?’
    • ‘George was the genius thespian who brought Robot Monster to life, as well as hundreds, if not thousands of other stage and screen simians.’
    • ‘But her work undermines any notion of glamour - her renditions of simians, jawbones and ancient pottery are like junk found in the attic, or in the back room of a dilapidated museum.’
    • ‘The name, ‘in the monkeys,’ refers to a credit system where by jolly tars would put up their pet simians as credit.’
    • ‘It seems that simians have the run of the place while humans dwell on the fringes like packs of wild dogs.’
    • ‘Occupying a 43 square kilometre patch of lowland, it's home to 155 orphaned and displaced simians who share 99.6 per cent of our genetic make up.’
    • ‘Actors playing the simians choreograph ape-like movements with ease.’
    • ‘Although no evidence has been found for the presence of simians in Oceania, Indonesian STLV-I strains are both phylogenetically and geographically close to the HTLV-Ic strains.’


Early 17th century: from Latin simia ‘ape’, perhaps via Latin from Greek simos ‘flat-nosed’.