Definition of sift in English:



  • 1Put (a fine, loose, or powdery substance) through a sieve so as to remove lumps or large particles.

    ‘sift the flour into a large bowl’
    • ‘The gap created by the jagged edge which is now further into the lawn should be filled with garden soil, sifted to a fine tilth.’
    • ‘Into a small bowl sift together flour, unsweetened cocoa powder, and salt.’
    • ‘Many spend the day knee-deep in water sifting for diamonds.’
    • ‘Whip the cream until it just holds its shape and then stir in the sugar and sift in the cocoa.’
    • ‘To make the icing, sift the icing sugar into a bowl and add enough lemon juice to make a smooth paste that will coat the back of a spoon.’
    • ‘Add all the other ingredients - I sift everything to avoid lumps - and stir until smooth.’
    • ‘Realizing her mistake, she began to sift through the ashes once more’
    • ‘I don't sift dry ingredients (cocoa powder, flour and baking powder), although it is of course up to you.’
    • ‘To make the pastry, sift the flour and salt into a bowl and rub in the butter until the mixture resembles fine breadcrumbs.’
    • ‘Beat whites with caster sugar till stiff, sift icing sugar and cornflour together and fold into egg white mixture.’
    • ‘He also advised sifting the seedling soil mixture because they will tend to attach to large bits of bark for the moisture and it is very easy to damage tem when transplanting.’
    • ‘Then sift the mixture through a fine mesh strainer to make sure the oils mix thoroughly with the powder.’
    • ‘Prepare the pasta by sifting the flour and a pinch of salt into a mound on a board. make a well in the centre and add the eggs.’
    • ‘Some individuals and small teams sifted through the loose black schist, taking advantage of a small stream.’
    • ‘Sift flour into a large bowl and add the teaspoon of cinnamon.’
    • ‘It sifts the water, filtering out nutrients to help it grow.’
    • ‘Sift wholemeal flour, flour, soda and baking powder into a bowl.’
    • ‘At the end of each session, we removed the seed trays and sifted the sand to recover the remaining millet seeds.’
    • ‘I then sifted together powdered sugar and a cautious amount of cocoa.’
    • ‘Shirtless workers sifted through mounds of dry, reddish dirt with sieves as others added to the pile.’
    sieve, strain, screen, filter, riddle, purify, refine, winnow
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    1. 1.1 Cause to flow or pass as through a sieve.
      ‘Melanie sifted the warm sand through her fingers’
      • ‘She'd listen to the soft sounds of the desert, and out there, it was so quiet at that time that she could hear the sand sifting across the desert.’
      • ‘Three rivers flowed into the city, their waters sifting through the canal system before reaching the lake.’
      • ‘Gemini awoke the next morning, not to her father prodding her in the side, but to a warm breeze sifting in through her window and the hot summer sun falling across her face.’
      • ‘The question tickled something long hidden, perhaps a meadow where sifting, warm light still shone, a memory of gossamer rays wrapped round his body in all splendorous tranquility.’
      • ‘The little spirit began to sift through my memories of Phoebe again.’
      • ‘Zior shook off the memory as his attention shifted to a single figure that sifted through the crowd.’
      • ‘He chuckled and sifted sand between his fingers.’
      • ‘But not all rotifers swim freely; some like the Flosculariacean rotifer above at center, will cement themselves by their foot to a handy alga or bit of dirt and sift the water for food.’
      • ‘David stood up, letting the soft sand sift through his open fingers.’
      • ‘Adam dismounted from Sport, stooped to the ground, and lifted a handful of ashes, which he let sift through his fingers.’
      • ‘Caleb sat down beside her and began sifting the sand through his fingers.’
      • ‘Despite his awkward arrival, Howard smiled down at the sand a few centimeters beneath his nose, sifting a hand-full of the white granules through his fingers.’
      • ‘Everywhere, the righteous folk of Cambridge are strolling the polleny avenues, letting the breeze sift their hair.’
      • ‘I grinned as I twisted my toes, letting the pale gold sand sift through them as I held the horse's head, letting his soft, horsy breath whisper into my ear, as if sharing a secret.’
      • ‘As much as you can, let the tension sift from your muscles like grains of sand.’
      • ‘In the morning, he sat on the edge of the bed, the weight of another day upon him, light sifting dully in from under the window shade.’
      • ‘Ben knelt a bit unsteadily, letting the loose dirt sift through his fingers.’
    2. 1.2no object , with adverbial of direction (of snow, ash, etc.) descend or float down lightly or sparsely as if sprinkled from a sieve.
      ‘ash began to sift down around them’
      • ‘Watch any good fell runner descending from a summit and it's like sand sifting through an egg timer.’
      • ‘Coal dust sifts through her hair, invading eyes, nose, and mouth.’
      • ‘More silence followed, more sand sifted through my fingers.’
      • ‘Nastasha's head rose and fell with the large intakes of air with each of his burly breaths, the fumes of the lime-laced vodka sifting through his nostrils.’
      • ‘In the dusk a fine snow of mosquitoes sifted through the candlelight.’
      • ‘When ready to serve, sift confectioners' sugar on top and slice like a pie.’
      • ‘Its massive back pushed up against the ceiling; the wooden timbers groaned and dust sifted down, making Rafe cough.’
      • ‘Allow to cool slightly, then sift or spread brown sugar evenly over the top.’
      • ‘Diamonds sparkle in the radiance of my headlamp as snow sifts from an ebony sky.’
      • ‘Crex rugs were lighter than conventional, woven rugs, easy to clean (dirt simply sifted through), and cheaper.’
      • ‘Join together and sift icing sugar over the top.’
      • ‘At that instant, sand began to sift out of the cracks between the stones in the wall behind Regis and accumulate on the floor.’
      • ‘Sprinkle or sift 1/2 tsp. powdered sugar on top of each, then drizzle with lemon juice.’
      • ‘The room was dark, and for a moment he did not know where he lay; then the memories began to sift back into his mind, like sand falling through an hourglass.’
      • ‘She sprayed a gentle mist of elegant perfume, one dash on her neck, another sifting onto her cascading hair, and another for her wrists.’
      • ‘Snow was sifting down at Tiffindell ski resort near Rhodes yesterday morning, adding to over 25 cm which had fallen since Friday.’
      • ‘So press your seed into the soil and then sift over them lightly some sandy soil or even just fine sand.’
  • 2Examine (something) thoroughly so as to isolate that which is most important or useful.

    ‘until we sift the evidence ourselves, we can't comment objectively’
    no object ‘the fourth stage involves sifting through the data and evaluating it’
    • ‘For this reason, post-publication review is very important to sifting good theory from bad.’
    • ‘I'm having the most enormous fun sifting through the mound of accumulated poems and haiku, bringing order and accord where there was none.’
    • ‘The conventional wisdom can change as new evidence is sifted through.’
    • ‘It is the combined mass of efforts of journalists, and their analyses that sift the truth from the many layers of untruths, that provide the world information that it can act upon.’
    • ‘I poured myself some orange juice as Aurora began to sift through the cupboards for pancake mix.’
    • ‘He was in Europe preparing for the Commonwealth Games and I was at home sifting and sorting through his personal belongings and boxing them up.’
    • ‘Planning time for teachers was established, and we began to sift through the resource materials and supply closet.’
    • ‘Greg steps forwards and begins to sift through the clothes.’
    • ‘She turned to her paper work and began to sift through the information, taking notes and reminding herself to talk to Nathan about certain things.’
    • ‘There is a process of sifting and screening among MPs and frontbenchers which provides an informal shortlist of possible leaders.’
    • ‘Rummaging through a small compartment next to her, she began to sift through old cards and small papers that she might need later on.’
    • ‘As he sifts through the works of scientists, naturalists, composers and poets, Rothenberg performs intellectual contortions in an attempt to assemble or establish a unified theory of why birds sing.’
    • ‘Having retired from the school last summer, he is now beginning the laborious process of sifting through his enormous archive and is writing a history of the period.’
    • ‘The more I delved into sifting the reliable from the unreliable, the deeper I dropped into the well of discovery.’
    • ‘I crouched on the floor and dumped the contents of the waste basket out in front of me and began to sift through it.’
    • ‘They sifted through more than 4,000 poems before drawing up a shortlist of the 12 finalists.’
    • ‘Lord Hutton was asked to do a specific job: to take evidence, sift it, and reach conclusions.’
    • ‘Tristyn picked up the pile and began to sift through the letters one by one, setting the bills in one pile for her next call with her mother, her mother's personal mail and her own.’
    • ‘You will find information on the specific techniques that different search engines use to sift their data into the most effective lists.’
    • ‘Three quarters of that was spent sifting choices down to twelve of my favourite songs and favourite songwriters.’
    search through, look through, rummage through, root about in, root around in, ferret in, ferret about in, ferret around in, poke around in, go through, turn over, explore, examine, inspect, scrutinize, pore over, investigate, conduct investigations into, enquire into, conduct an enquiry into, delve into, go into, analyse, screen, sieve, probe, dissect, review, assess
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    1. 2.1sift something out Separate something, especially something to be discarded, from something else.
      ‘he asked for streamlined procedures to sift out frivolous applications’
      • ‘One of the positive aspects of the dotcom slump was that many pseudo-web designers were sifted out.’
      • ‘Loedolff is busy sifting out undesirable works in the collection, and has been selling prints and oils that don't fit the profile of the collection.’
      • ‘At any rate, it took quite some time to dig out the weeds and sift out the roots and begin grading.’
      • ‘In these stories he sets himself the objective of sifting out the strongest elements that can be utilized within prose, leaving strong ideas and reflections.’
      • ‘And when Elizabeti tries to sift the rocks out of the rice, Obedi slaps at the basket and spills some of the rice on the ground.’
      • ‘Sea squirts spend most of their lives attached to underwater rocks, sifting tiny particles of food from the water around them.’
      • ‘FitzGerald had done what he does best - sifted gems out of public statistics.’
      • ‘Faced with ideas that negated their newly claimed identities, they neither argued nor capitulated, but simply left - thereby definitively sifting such ideas out of their religious beliefs.’
      separate out, filter out, sort out, isolate, divide, part, segregate, put to one side, weed out, get rid of, remove
      View synonyms


  • 1usually in singular An act of sifting something, especially so as to isolate that which is most important or useful.

    ‘a careful archaeological sift must be made through the debris’
    • ‘I only installed the ones that looked common or interesting figuring I can also have a proper sift through later if I'm looking for something special.’
    • ‘Have a sift through and leave a comment to tell me what you think, particularly if you come across any bugs of any sort.’
    • ‘Can the constable who is executing the warrant do a preliminary sift at the premises where the documents are stored, and then take all, or a large part of the material away to sort it out properly elsewhere?’
    • ‘And the way these used to work was that they would have each applicant come onto the stage and play a short piece of music and they'd do a very quick sift.’
    • ‘A sift of the questionnaires should be undertaken prior to inputting information.’
    • ‘These figures suggest that the sift did not discriminate against people on the basis of which university they had attended.’
    • ‘I decided to have a sift around the net and see what I could find.’
    • ‘The first stage was a sift of application forms based on their degree and previous academic achievements, and an analysis of some simple competency based responses.’
    1. 1.1 An amount of sifted material.
      ‘the floor was dusted with a fine sift of flour’
      • ‘Add a few drops of water or a sift of flour as needed to get the desired texture.’
      • ‘Bundt cakes are so pretty, they don't need more than a sift of powdered sugar or a drizzle of simple syrup.’


Old English siftan, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch ziften, also to sieve.