Definition of Shoshone in English:



  • 1A member of an American Indian people living chiefly in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada.

    • ‘Using horses obtained from Sacagawea's Shoshones, the expedition crossed the Continental Divide at Lemhi Pass and surmounted the Bitterroot Mountains via the Lolo Trail.’
    • ‘In 1829 Baptiste returned to the West, working as a mountain man, guide, justice of the peace, and gold miner before returning to live with the Shoshones in 1885.’
    • ‘The next day Thomas Smith called a parley and tried to make peace, but the Nez Perce refused ‘to be friends until the Bannocks and Shoshones would return all the horses they had stolen.’’
    • ‘Another challenge derives from the historic mobility of Shoshone groups: caught in various historical moments as their mobility was curtailed, some Shoshones ended up living some distance from their places of birth.’
    • ‘Carson's antipathy toward the Blackfeet was common among mountain men and contrasted with his friendship with the Flatheads, Nez Perces, and Shoshones.’
    • ‘The Flatheads came over the Bitterroot divide and were there for salmon fishing, and the Bannocks and Shoshones from Fort Hall visited, camped, and begged for government supplies on their ‘route to the buffalo country.’’
    • ‘The U.S. government has continually denied the Western Shoshone their land and treaty rights, as it increasingly allocates Nevada's lands to multinational mining.’
    • ‘The Lewis and Clark Expedition found the Shoshones to be ‘in extreme poverty’ in mid-August of 1805.’
    • ‘The Shoshones, who were one source of the pestilence that devastated the Canadian interior, appear also to have transmitted the plague to the tribes of the upper Missouri River.’
    • ‘Traditional Western Shoshones like Carrie Dann have been fighting to get their land back throughout most of this century.’
    • ‘Signs of native people were abundant-old encampments, a bow, human tracks, a horse, recent grass fires-and Sacagawea recognized the landscape, which seemed to augur a rendezvous with the Shoshones.’
    • ‘Having considered a number of options, she argues that the smallpox went from Louisiana along the Red River to the Comanches and was then transported by them, through trading links, to the Shoshones of modern Wyoming, Montana and Idaho.’
    • ‘The next day Lewis walked ahead with three men to find the Shoshones and horses for portage.’
    • ‘The pass that Lewis and Cameahwait had crossed had long served as a route for Indian hunters headed to the plains for buffalo as well as a route for the Blackfeet, who had a fearsome reputation among the Shoshones and other tribes.’
    • ‘They tell about the meanings of names among different tribes, about how cradleboards were decorated, and how, among the Shoshones and Utes, twins were sometimes looked upon as a sign of impending bad luck.’
    • ‘By mid-July, despite nearly daily references to sore feet and the corps' general exhaustion, Clark determined to push upriver and take the lead overland to find the Shoshones.’
    • ‘All these tribes had traditions of constant warfare with other tribes - the Sioux and Cheyennes against the Crows and Shoshones, for example.’
    • ‘The author, when the evidence seems clear cut, identifies those peoples, such as the Shoshones of the Great Plains, who carried Variola into the midst of other population groups during the 1775-82 plague.’
    • ‘Nez Perces, Flatheads, and Shoshones could be counted on for a friendly welcome, Blackfeet and Ankaras for an instantly lethal reception.’
    • ‘Cradleboards were in widespread use among Shoshones in Battle Mountain, South Fork, and Duck Valley in 1989.’
  • 2The Uto-Aztecan language of the Shoshone.

    • ‘Hovia means ‘music’ in Shoshone, and is pronounced ‘hoo-vee-ya’.’


  • Relating to the Shoshone or their language.

    • ‘They wintered at the present site of Bismarck, North Dakota, where they acquired a guide and translator, the Shoshone woman Sacagawea.’
    • ‘Heartened by the incredible coincidence that the chief of the Shoshone band was Sacagawea's own brother, Cameahwait, they made plans to take the entire corps back over this pass.’
    • ‘At a council held with the Shoshone chieftains on August 17, Sacagawea recognized one of the chiefs as her brother Cameahwait.’
    • ‘Sacagawea, the Shoshone woman who made the trip, also voted.’
    • ‘But the arrival of the White people started the end of the way of life for the Shoshone people.’
    • ‘My dad, the son of a Shoshone medicine man, had already been trained and prepared for going into the peyote religion, but he decided the Lord had done something in his life and he made up his mind he was going to share the gospel with our family.’
    • ‘The BLM archaeologist was initially sympathetic with the urgency of the Shoshone protest: sacred sites would be destroyed by flooding.’
    • ‘I thank God that my grandfather left behind such a testimony for his Shoshone people.’
    • ‘After the arrival of the Crow and Shoshone auxiliaries, about three hundred in all, Crook headed farther northwest to the headwaters of the Rosebud River and started downstream toward the Yellowstone River.’
    • ‘The great explorer David Thompson recorded the account of an Indian named Saukamappee, who described how, in the summer of 1781, the Piegan Blackfeet had raided a Shoshone village.’
    • ‘Western Shoshone leaders maintain the proposed dump sits on land granted to them under the Treaty of Ruby Valley in 1863.’
    • ‘In 1972, the Wilkinson firm, government attorneys, and the Indian Claims Commission agreed on a single ‘stipulated date of taking’ of Western Shoshone land.’
    • ‘The Polygon, a Cold War development, had a U.S. counterpart located on traditional Shoshone territory in Nevada.’
    • ‘There, on January 18, 1910, the Shoshone dam project was completed, and the dry Wyoming land began to turn green.’
    • ‘Meriwether Lewis's first taste of Pacific salmon, offered by a Shoshone warrior on an August evening in 1805, was doubly auspicious.’
    • ‘In days gone by, Paiute and Shoshone Indians tried to tap the hardy trees' power by drinking their sap.’
    • ‘I hoped that having the area framed within an international discourse of significance would give Shoshone advocates for saving the quarry a stronger point from which to argue.’
    • ‘Like Minnie Burton, Rose was the child of Shoshone parents and had come to Fort Shaw from Idaho's Lemhi Agency.’
    • ‘And more often than not, when the Shoshone bison hunters did so, as Lewis and Clark had reported some thirty-five years earlier, they were in the company of allies, such as the Flatheads.’
    • ‘The contamination would not only threaten their health but could spread round the world, warned Tilges, the executive director of the Shundahai Network, a Western Shoshone group campaigning against the waste dump.’


Of unknown origin.