Definition of shorten in English:



  • 1Make or become shorter.

    with object ‘he shortened his stride’
    no object ‘around mid-September, days shorten and temperatures dip’
    • ‘Other community groups complain that construction companies don't take the proper care around the trees, which also shortens their lives.’
    • ‘With less flexibility at the hip and ankle, your stride will shorten.’
    • ‘Until then, or until such times as the team's injury list shortens, Stark must rely on hope or good fortune to deliver that precious commodity.’
    • ‘Every cigarette shortens your life by 14 minutes’
    • ‘Skirts are observed to shorten in boom times and lengthen during recessions.’
    • ‘When the days start to shorten and night temperatures dip, do you often look over longingly at your neighbor's greenhouse, wishing you too could keep plants producing into the fall?’
    • ‘Dawson's face brightened considerably when he saw his sister and best friend, and immediately he stood, striding to shorten the gap between them.’
    • ‘Labourers in the sugar fields embarked on a series of strikes to raise their wages, shorten their hours, and withdraw women and children from field work.’
    • ‘At the moment it is legal for doctors to administer large doses of drugs to terminally ill patients in pain and distress, knowing that the medication shortens their lives.’
    • ‘Because the smocking is done as an insert rather than at the top of the skirt front piece, the skirt length will need to be shortened.’
    • ‘Last year, as his foot and ankle pain increased, he shortened his stride significantly, making it easier for defenders to trip him up.’
    • ‘The days are shortening and we see less of the sun, but temperatures have stayed high enough to prolong the blooming of even tender specimens such as dahlias and impatiens, which would succumb overnight to a frost.’
    • ‘The queue moves and shortens and eventually empties out.’
    • ‘In the fall and as winter approaches, the days shorten and temperatures drop.’
    • ‘After 1900, everyday skirts were increasingly shortened to allow the shape and action of women's legs to form part of their complete clothed image.’
    • ‘The stairwell is double height so that shortens any floorspace on the first floor as well.’
    • ‘Do you think Setta needs to shorten his stride when approaching the ball on field goals?’
    • ‘Elevating the heels only serves to shorten the calf muscles in the long term and will alter the body's posture and mechanics.’
    • ‘Smoking shortens lives; alcohol ruins them too.’
    • ‘It's how you cope with the injuries that either extends or shortens your career.’
    make shorter, abbreviate, abridge, condense, precis, synopsize, contract, compress, reduce, lessen, shrink, decrease, diminish, cut, cut down, cut short, dock, trim, clip, crop, pare down, prune
    get shorter, grow shorter, grow less, contract, compress, shrink
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Sailing with object Reduce the amount of (sail) exposed to the wind.
      • ‘He hung a lamp on the mast and shortened the sail, but it was past midnight when Setisia retired to the cabin.’
    2. 1.2 (with reference to gambling odds) make or become shorter; decrease.
      no object ‘the odds had shortened to 14-1’
      • ‘Bookmaker William Hill reported more bets than ever for the annual festive flutter and shortened the odds.’
      • ‘As we went to press, his odds had shortened to 25-1 to win the Tour de France.’
      • ‘This shortens the odds for the other pub winners as far as the grand prize of a digital camera goes with two absentee winners not going into the draw.’
      • ‘But the horse's fame has spread since, so the odds have shortened.’
      • ‘But counting the odds never shortened them, and he sighed and shook himself.’
    3. 1.3Phonetics Prosody with object Make (a vowel or syllable) short.
      • ‘Leaving Rome and heading south or east, you find a tendency of shortening non-stressed vowels and reducing them to schwas.’