Definition of serum in English:

serum

noun

  • 1An amber-colored, protein-rich liquid that separates out when blood coagulates.

    • ‘Blood was withdrawn from the carotid artery and the sera were separated for each study.’
    • ‘Blood samples were then obtained and sera tested for HIV and hepatitis.’
    • ‘So far, Herman has tested his hypoallergenic soybean with human sera and in sensitive animals.’
    • ‘The preimmune serum was collected 1 week before the first inoculation.’
    • ‘Pooled control sera had been collected from 321 adults positive to a few molds/microbes.’
    • ‘Controls included omitting the primary antibody, using control rabbit serum as primary antibody, and omitting the secondary antibody.’
    • ‘Earlier studies found that pregnant pigs vaccinated against bacterial intimin developed antibodies against it in their sera and colostrum.’
    • ‘The sera were stored at - 20°C without any preservative.’
    • ‘The femoral marrow cells were flushed out with fetal bovine serum and smeared on clean slides.’
    • ‘I took those sera down to Melbourne with me and tested them to see if any of them had antibody to this newly discovered tick typhus organism.’
    • ‘The test liquid was said to approximate the surface tension of human serum.’
    • ‘Normal human sera were obtained from healthy individuals.’
    • ‘Blood products, sera, sperm, oocytes and embryos are not included.’
    • ‘The percentage antibody prevalence was calculated using the ratio of positive sera to the total sera tested in each age group.’
    • ‘Acute and convalescent sera were obtained 4 weeks apart.’
    • ‘No staining was detected when the preimmune serum was used as a negative control.’
    • ‘Furthermore, antibodies to the region II domain of the protein are commonly detected in sera from individuals in endemic populations.’
    • ‘The number of sera from patients whose blood culture grew B. psuedomallei is only 12.’
    • ‘The sera used in this study correspond to bleeds obtained after four boosts with the same antigen.’
    1. 1.1 The blood serum of an animal, used especially to provide immunity to a pathogen or toxin by inoculation or as a diagnostic agent.
      • ‘You could be making a fortune out of the drugs, serums and surgical hardware, and yet you have to stand on the sidelines and watch as US drug companies make a killing.’
      • ‘He was given a cocktail of vaccines within 10 minutes including anti-plague and anthrax serums.’
      secretions
      View synonyms

Origin

Late 17th century: from Latin, literally ‘whey’.

Pronunciation

serum

/ˈsirəm//ˈsɪrəm/