One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1An edge produced on woven fabric during manufacture that prevents it from unraveling.
- ‘Create a straight fray line for your fringe by clipping through the selvage on one side of the fabric, then gently pulling a crosswise thread across the fabric width.’
- ‘For the neatest finish, cut strips along the selvage using the selvage for the seam allowance.’
- ‘To hold warp threads closely, weave three rows with a single thread and darn ends along the selvedge.’
- ‘An act in effect between 1774 and 1811 required that blue threads be woven into the selvages of cotton cloth intended for export if a refund of the tax on printed cotton was to be claimed.’
- ‘In other cases, a laser was used to create decorative motifs on fabrics, or to cut fabric fringes along the selvage.’
- 1.1Geology A zone of altered rock, especially volcanic glass, at the edge of a rock mass.
- ‘This type of migmatite is characterized by discrete millimetre - to centimetre-scale discontinuous granitic layers separated by high-grade metamorphic host rock and dark selvages (mesosome).’
- ‘Likely all of these factors played some role in initiating beryl precipitation, particularly where mineralization is contained within highly altered vein selvages.’
- ‘In the vein's central vug, ferroaxinite overlies a selvage (fault gouge) of quartz, orthoclase, and microcline feldspar and is followed by fine-grained calcite.’
- ‘All other quartz veins are associated with at least some tourmaline, either within the veins or in the vein selvages.’
- ‘The fine-grained selvage called a chilled margin, formed in a younger rock in contact with an older rock, has already been mentioned.’
Late Middle English: from an alteration of self + edge, on the pattern of early modern Dutch selfegghe. The geological term dates from the 1930s.
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