One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Making reference to itself or oneself.
- 1.1 (of a literary or other creative work) making reference to itself, its author or creator, or their other work.‘self-referential elements in Donne's poems’
- ‘In deconstructive and psychoanalytic readings in particular, this allegedly pure and self-referential language returns to haunt the text's unity, coherence, and independence.’
- ‘This is certainly a very self-referential movie, much more than your previous works.’
- ‘The growing specialisation has fragmented the literature, and the fragments are enclosed in self-referential writing.’
- ‘About a year ago I read a critique of weblogs which was positive overall, but which made the criticism that the self-referential style of blogs was a weakness.’
- ‘An unapologetically self-referential author, Levin constantly intertwines his own life with the story he is telling.’
- ‘Contemporary works created in this tradition are therefore necessarily intertextual and self-referential.’
- ‘This is not, we hasten to say, because the film is deliberately cold and self-referential in a postmodern fashion.’
- ‘The play is also very up-front about being a self-referential, postmodern story-about-stories kind of play, yet manages to do this in a way that's neither academic nor affected.’
- ‘Moreover, our model adds a dimension that is not present in either Belting or Warburg: the idea of art as a self-staging and self-referential project.’
- ‘In 1960, metafiction popped up, describing self-referential novels that dealt with the writing of fiction.’
- ‘While the author is self-conscious about being self-referential, he is also knowing about that self-conscious self-referentiality.’
- ‘Someday in the not too distant future, a university somewhere will have to teach an entire self-referential literature class about novels starring English teachers in Central Europe.’
- ‘He wishes now to turn away from such hard-edged, self-referential post-modern texts and get into a closer intimacy, a greater communion with his readers, the communion in which lies the main strength of the novel.’
- ‘If this isn't self-referential enough, the second novel Gabriel is working on is a historical novel set in Newfoundland.’
- ‘The self-referential jibes and parody elements work well, as do the innumerable anime in-jokes.’
- ‘Although actors as spectators reinforces the self-referential theatrical imagery, it adds to the sense of an illustrated lecture.’
- ‘They might begin to take note of the fact that their self-absorbed and self-referential works over the past two decades in particular have made almost no impact.’
- ‘Do you worry that being self-referential makes your work too insular, thereby limiting your audience?’
- ‘To put it another way, the work is self-referential to the extent that language and the poem are Pastior's only subjects.’
- ‘The poetry is in a sense self-referential because it explores the transcendental logics of the poetic process.’
- 1.1 (of a literary or other creative work) making reference to itself, its author or creator, or their other work.
Top tips for CV writingRead more
In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot-on CV.