Definition of segment in US English:

segment

noun

  • 1Each of the parts into which something is or may be divided.

    • ‘Only about half the length of the duplicated segments corresponds closely with their genetic length.’
    • ‘However, special attention must be paid to the donor chromosome segment around the target gene.’
    • ‘Furthermore, the courtyard's pavement is divided into ten segments.’
    • ‘Drug offenders are the fastest-growing segment of prison populations in the United States.’
    • ‘The researchers identified short segments of DNA that show up only in a specific species.’
    • ‘Following card games, video and computer games comprise the largest segment of the gaming community.’
    • ‘Segmentation means dividing memory into several segments and accessing memory by both segment pointer and offset.’
    • ‘Acrylic is perhaps the fastest-growing segment of the glazing market.’
    • ‘Secondly, heritage tourism is the fastest growing segment of the tourism industry.’
    • ‘In many of the others, the spaces are divided into segments, more or less corresponding to the different generations.’
    • ‘The overall growth of the SUV segment has come, in part, from a rising industry.’
    • ‘The sympathetic nerve supply to the lung arises in the upper six thoracic segments of the spinal cord.’
    • ‘Within the first chamber the first segment of the siphuncle appears.’
    • ‘Seminary education was divided into four segments, initial preparatory school being the only one which offered some Slavonic.’
    • ‘There are large segments of our society that do not have equal access and are being left behind.’
    • ‘Who can deny that today, organized crime dominates certain segments of the Bulgarian economy?’
    • ‘Arrange the lemon, tangerine, and blood orange segments on top and around the mousse cake.’
    • ‘Arrange the blood orange segments over the top of the meringue in a decorative pattern.’
    • ‘Spinal implants continue to represent the fastest-growing segment of the global orthopedic market.’
    • ‘Its genome is made up of 100 million bases divided into six segments, or chromosomes.’
    piece, part, bit, section, chunk, division, portion, slice, fragment, component, wedge, lump, slab, hunk, parcel, tranche
    subdivision, division, fraction, part, portion, section, constituent, element, unit, module, ingredient, slice, department, compartment, sector
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A portion of time allocated to a particular broadcast item on radio or television.
      • ‘From the top of the hour news items on Today and 30-second segments on CNN, to the rotating videos, images of the deceased permeate.’
      • ‘There are two things that fill a newspaper or the news segment on TV or radio: news and advertising.’
      • ‘The press no longer thinks yellow ribbons and support for soldiers is worthy of a few paragraphs or a segment on the ten o'clock news.’
      • ‘Have you noticed, for example, how often segments on television news magazines deal with court cases?’
  • 2Geometry
    A part of a figure cut off by a line or plane intersecting it.

    • ‘The main purpose of the work is to investigate the volume of segments of these three-dimensional figures.’
    • ‘For example, when we start with a hexagon, the final shape may be a segment, a triangle, or another hexagon.’
    1. 2.1 The part of a circle enclosed between an arc and a chord.
      • ‘This he affected by circumscribing a semicircle about an isosceles right-angled triangle and a segment of a circle similar to those cut off by the sides.’
      • ‘He found the length of an arc of the cycloid using an exhaustion proof based on dissections to reduce the problem to summing segments of chords of a circle which are in geometric progression.’
      • ‘Given partial information about a segment of a circle, how do you compute what you want to know?’
      • ‘It is assumed that the unsupported outer border of the pouch deforms into a segment of a circle and that the material does not stretch much.’
      • ‘The chord of the segment is given, as is its area, and the student is asked to compute its height (the length of the perpendicular bisector of the chord to the circle).’
    2. 2.2 The part of a line included between two points.
      • ‘Newton gave a method of drawing the Cissoid of Diocles using two line segments of equal length at right angles.’
      • ‘Two similar problems were to trisect an angle and to produce a line segment whose square has the same area as that of a given circle.’
      • ‘We can mark a point on the side that divides it into segments of length a and b.’
      • ‘A system of three equations was derived using distances from three adjacent line segments drawn between vertices.’
      • ‘Given the way that we have defined line segments, a great circle makes a good definition of a straight line.’
    3. 2.3 The part of a sphere cut off by any plane not passing through the center.
      • ‘As in the treatment of Siegel, lipid monolayers in the intermediates are assumed to form surfaces that are segments of spheres or of spherical torroids.’
      • ‘Using a different approach, Archimedes found the surface area of a sphere, and the surface area of any segment of a sphere.’
  • 3Zoology
    Each of the series of similar anatomical units of which the body and appendages of some animals are composed, such as the visible rings of an earthworm's body.

    • ‘Unlike the agnostids, polymerid trilobites typically have more than two or three thoracic segments, and the pygidium is usually smaller than the cephalon.’
    • ‘The ventral branchial arch segments of placoderms are so poorly known that nothing useful can be said.’
    • ‘This specimen cannot be specifically identified because it lacks the cephalon and first thoracic segment.’
    • ‘They have a number of body segments (known as somites), which are sometimes fused to form rigid areas, or are free but linked to each other by flexible areas.’
    • ‘Agnostids have only two or three segments between the cephalon and pygidium.’
  • 4Phonetics
    The smallest distinct part of a spoken utterance, in particular the vowels and consonants as opposed to stress and intonation.

    • ‘This sound cue, which lasts for one-tenth to one-fifth of a second, marks the transition from a consonant sound to a speech segment beginning with a vowel.’
    • ‘There may certainly be independent grounds for categorizing segments as vowels or consonants, in terms of their inherent sonority and phonological dependence, for example.’
    • ‘A synthesized speech segment sounds exactly the way the term suggests: synthetic.’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Divide (something) into separate parts or sections.

    ‘the unemployed are segmented into two groups’
    • ‘Mohan Ram's collection was segmented into two genres, world cinema and Indian cinema.’
    • ‘It is hard - although not impossible - for big banks to segment their services to appeal to different customers, he suggests.’
    • ‘Peat cutters had been at work, segmenting the bogs into little squares to extract their staple fuel.’
    • ‘This will also allow companies to segment product lines in the manufacturing process with secure and non-secure versions.’
    • ‘The muscles of the body are segmented into blocks called myotomes.’
    • ‘The next step in transforming the selling strategy was to segment the potential customer market.’
    • ‘I'm not holding my breath, but they do need to segment supermarket and convenience trading.’
    • ‘Broadly, the clothes are segmented into casual cottons and semi-corporate or office wear.’
    • ‘The monopolist can segment market demand, and still certify white males as before.’
    • ‘The recipes are segmented into nine chapters - meat, egg, fish, vegetables, rice, pickles, desserts, breakfast delights and teatime favourites.’
    • ‘Each of these targets, along with others for ambulance response times, segments the timeline into intervals deemed controllable by the separate parts of the system.’
    • ‘How useful is it to segment the great movement out of nineteenth-century Europe into distinct ‘national’ migrations?’
    • ‘Outline writers segment the overall plot into weekly and then daily portions.’
    • ‘The course is segmented into six different sections.’
    • ‘At a running time of around four minutes, the overture is segmented into four themes.’
    • ‘Analysts say that Taiwan's economy is segmented into two parts.’
    • ‘Their competitors also cannot segment their databases and offer tailored and targeted holidays to existing customers.’
    • ‘For one thing, traditional consumer electronics companies attempt to segment the market.’
    divide, divide up, subdivide, separate, split, split up, cut up, carve up, slice up, break up, dismember
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1no object Divide into separate parts or sections.
      ‘the market is beginning to segment into a number of well-defined categories’
      • ‘As the educated class has grown, it has segmented.’
      • ‘If the bulbs have segmented into cloves which can be separated, it is time to harvest.’
      • ‘Would they factionalise and segment, or unify?’
    2. 1.2Embryology no object (of a cell) undergo cleavage; divide into many cells.

Origin

Late 16th century (as a term in geometry): from Latin segmentum, from secare ‘to cut’. The verb dates from the mid 19th century.

Pronunciation

segment

/ˈsɛɡmənt/