Definition of section in English:

section

noun

  • 1Any of the more or less distinct parts into which something is or may be divided or from which it is made up.

    ‘arrange orange sections on a platter’
    • ‘The collection is divided into four sections with each section arranged around a particular subject.’
    • ‘The descriptions of the varied habits of thomsonite presented below are divided into two sections based on cavity size.’
    • ‘Part down the middle, then divide hair into sections, front to back.’
    • ‘This tent was separated into two sections by a heavy partition.’
    • ‘After lifting and dividing, replant sections from outside the clump and discard the old center.’
    • ‘The film is divided into three distinct sections.’
    • ‘The supply network to Johannesburg consumers is to be divided into 40 sections, with one section being converted at a time.’
    • ‘There were arches in the room and some audience members were sitting in separate sections.’
    • ‘The menu is divided into two distinct sections but you can pick and choose accordingly.’
    • ‘Inside it was divided into two distinct sections.’
    • ‘After its eight-bar introduction, the movement divides into three distinct sections plus a coda.’
    • ‘They say that the buildings and structures enhance the look of the gardens and help to break them up into separate sections.’
    • ‘If anything the park should be bigger, with separate novice and expert sections, seating for parents, toilets and a burger bar.’
    • ‘This exhibition is divided into two sections, the first section involves 16 participants tutored by Bridget O'Hara.’
    • ‘Where there is a non-smoking pub there should also be one that is smoking (or separated sections in the same pub.)’
    • ‘Use the crimping plates on small sections of the separated pieces down the length of your hair.’
    • ‘It was basically a giant wedge divided into three sections front to back.’
    • ‘A team of 12 engineers and contractors spent six weeks using heavy cutting gear to separate the two sections.’
    • ‘The room has three separate sections with different temperatures.’
    • ‘Separate sections have been designed for younger children and toddlers.’
    segment, part, component, division, piece, portion, length, element, module, unit, constituent, bit, slice, fraction, fragment
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    1. 1.1 A relatively distinct part of a book, newspaper, statute, or other document.
      • ‘Now, Justice Sully assumed that section 11A applied, did he not?’
      • ‘It includes a full section devoted to the years 1937-1945.’
      • ‘Perhaps you could include a small section devoted to explaining the 100 most common acronyms.’
      • ‘Timetables of express and passenger trains of all the four railway zones have been provided in separate sections.’
      • ‘The book's three sections cover ambiguity in three areas: news, measurement, and explanation.’
      • ‘I mean, the odd thing is that Clinton devoted a large section of the book to his childhood.’
      • ‘His report mentioned one section which dealt with the historical evolution of the village.’
      • ‘The book is divided into three main sections covering background, methods, and applications.’
      • ‘Well, that must be right because those two sections apply in civil cases.’
      • ‘Divided into five distinct sections, each portion emphasises different aspects of Shingon Buddhism.’
      • ‘A separate section is devoted to the various types of fishing nets used by fishermen communities in the south.’
      • ‘It is divided into six sections, with each section containing six chapters, for a total of 36 chapters.’
      • ‘But Review remains a separate section and it's all the better for it.’
      • ‘The profile information is presented individually town-by-town with a separate section devoted to our rural areas.’
      • ‘Food Safety is separated into sections in the report.’
      • ‘Like Stryk, he divided the book into sections and did not arrange the poems specifically by previous book titles.’
      • ‘She had taken all reasonable steps to take and act on advice as required by section 14A.’
      • ‘But the last section entitled " Balzac the observer " has universal relevance.’
      • ‘You can click on separate sections for news and image searches - a fairly standard feature these days.’
      • ‘And I don't separate sections of posts with rows of asterisks, either.’
      • ‘The section titled Structural Integrity addresses the structural integrity of the computational approach.’
      subdivision, part, chapter, subsection, division, portion, component, bit, passage, clause, act, scene, episode, instalment
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    2. 1.2North American A measure of land, equal to one square mile.
      • ‘With the help of other concerned citizens, they eventually succeeded in gaining a permit to graze their flocks on 14 sections of Forest Service land.’
      • ‘Here they talk about acres, but in West Texas we measure land in sections.’
    3. 1.3North American A particular district of a town.
      • ‘They rented a home by the Tar River, right between the black and white sections of town.’
      • ‘In the intervening three months, yet another airplane crashed, this time into a residential section of New York City.’
      • ‘We also learned that the Bohemian section of town was where young urbanites came to feel cool.’
      • ‘When the vehicle passes through a Brazilian section of town, the text shifts to Portuguese.’
      • ‘I decided to walk through the Islamic section of town to Cairo's infamous bazaar and check it out for myself.’
      • ‘In large cities, such as Kano or Katsina, Hausa live either in the old sections of town or in newer quarters built for civil servants.’
      district, quarter, part, zone, precinct, borough, locality, neighbourhood, side
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  • 2A distinct group within a larger body of people or things.

    ‘the children's section of the library’
    • ‘With that Steve walked over to the men's section of the store.’
    • ‘In the children's section of department stores and in banks there are often toys to be found.’
    • ‘They accused some sections of that body of trying to frustrate the inquiry.’
    • ‘The ecumenism was typical of the girl and of the city, or at least of certain sections within it.’
    • ‘This is much more about tensions within different sections of communities.’
    • ‘There are sections within the government that are putting new and difficult demands for the GAM to fulfill.’
    • ‘Trimble, who said he felt euphoric after the result, vowed to try to persuade all sections of the party to support him.’
    • ‘Last year Swinney, who has faced constant sniping about his leadership credentials from some sections within the party, faced down a challenge by Glasgow activist Bill Wilson.’
    • ‘The professional section of the bourgeoisie gradually lost its former autonomy and social distinction.’
    • ‘Support for vouchers is growing within sections of the Democratic Party.’
    • ‘No section of society should be deprived of an education to the highest level.’
    • ‘We recognize there is goodwill within certain sections of the government at a state level to tackle this problem.’
    • ‘Within sections of the armed forces too, a particular interpretation of religion was institutionalised.’
    • ‘The inmates are kept together in a dormitory kind of set up with separate sections for men and women.’
    • ‘Cruise has just launched some new jewellery sections within its stores, and there are some really interesting individual pieces.’
    • ‘Tickets for a match must be sold in a way so that fans of rival teams occupy separate sections of a stadium.’
    • ‘There exists within sections of the white electorate a deep cynicism towards the traditional political parties.’
    • ‘We still represent a very large section of the population.’
    • ‘The government has already alienated a large section of the population through existing anti-terror legislation.’
    • ‘This was the line pursued at the time by the body politic and large sections of the media to justify a knee-jerk reaction and savage state repression.’
    department, part, division, branch, sector, wing, compartment
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    1. 2.1 A group of players of a family of instruments within an orchestra.
      ‘the brass section’
      • ‘At that time, women in London could only play in the wind sections of the BBC Symphony and the English Chamber Orchestras.’
      • ‘It would be idle to deny that all sections of British orchestras have become increasingly female over the past couple of decades.’
      • ‘Add a rhythm section to your youthful band with our wood and skin Tambourine.’
      • ‘The brass section of an orchestra typically consists of trumpets, horns, trombones, and tubas.’
      • ‘Orchestral sections were moved from one position to another in a search for perfect sound relationships.’
      • ‘A platform is rigged toward the back of the stage rising over the winds and brass sections for the vocalists.’
      • ‘It is as if the string section of the orchestra suddenly decided to play its own music, disregarding everyone else.’
      • ‘The body language of the orchestral string section was a bit of a give away.’
      • ‘Today we find women in brass, percussion and woodwind sections, as well as the safe-havens of strings and harpdom.’
      • ‘The luxurious tunes are kept taut and alive, while all sections of the orchestra are on virtuoso form.’
      • ‘My father believed there would be more openings for a violin player in an orchestra because the string section was bigger than any other.’
      • ‘The entire woodwind and brass sections were all off stage!’
      • ‘The only music to be heard was some of the brass section tuning up their instruments.’
      • ‘Add probably the best rhythm section in town right now and it's a fabulous, stirring noise.’
      • ‘Gabel cues with care but without ostentation, he addresses sections of the orchestra and he stays with them.’
      • ‘The brass quintet is a fun and whacky group made up of members of the Bournemouth Symphonic Orchestra brass section.’
      • ‘He often augmented the reed or brass sections ' ensemble choruses.’
      • ‘It features dialogues between piano and individual orchestra sections.’
      • ‘The cabaret was provided by the brass consort section of Shipston Town Band.’
      • ‘Schubert was not one to underwork his string sections and the orchestra, playing flat out for sustained periods, was most impressive.’
    2. 2.2 A small class of students who are part of a larger course but are taught separately.
      ‘graduate students lead discussion sections for professors' lecture courses’
      • ‘Faculty members teaching multiple sections of one course had each section participate in the study.’
      • ‘Once I was taped teaching a section of an undergrad physics course at Berkeley.’
      • ‘The average student in each section did not read much of the textbook.’
      • ‘I divided the class, each section to be led by one member of the faculty.’
      • ‘Each section of the course accommodates between twelve and eighteen students.’
    3. 2.3[in names] A specified military unit.
      ‘a camouflage section was added to the army’
      • ‘Basson is still working for South Africa in its military's medical section.’
      • ‘In Bosnia, IO staff sections were formed in units below brigade.’
      • ‘It is our tank sections and infantry squads that invariably make contact with hostile forces, not companies or battalions.’
      • ‘Its military, working dog section consists of a single dog and it doesn't even belong to the Air Force.’
      • ‘It has tested each of you as an individual and, more importantly, as part of a war fighting infantry section.’
    4. 2.4 A subdivision of an army platoon.
      • ‘Soldiers will be trained to deploy as individuals, sections or units.’
      • ‘A unit of action may vary from a nine-man infantry section through to a 3500-person brigade.’
      • ‘Military and DA civilian leaders have responsibility for what their sections, units, or organizations do or fail to do.’
      • ‘Due to the nature of current combat operations in Iraq, our primary mounted maneuver unit is the section.’
      • ‘This latter cavalry regiment had sent one section still farther forward into Persia.’
    5. 2.5Biology A secondary taxonomic category, especially a subgenus.
      • ‘At the subgeneric level, the classification of Valeriana in subgenera and sections is difficult.’
      • ‘Each species is classified under a sub-genus, and a section.’
      • ‘Several genera that are at times segregated from Atriplex have been variously treated as subgenera or sections, or simply placed in synonymy with Atriplex.’
      • ‘According to Navarro, these taxa belong to six sections.’
      • ‘Halda treated section Stenogyne as a subgenus of Gentiana.’
  • 3The cutting of a solid by or along a plane.

    1. 3.1 The shape resulting from cutting a solid along a plane.
    2. 3.2 A representation of the internal structure of something as if it has been cut through vertically or horizontally.
      • ‘The vector field represents a vertical section through a vortex ring.’
      • ‘This technique involves mentally dividing the image in the viewfinder up into a grid of three horizontal and vertical sections.’
    3. 3.3Surgery A separation by cutting.
      • ‘Obviously, if you have to deliver via Caesarian section it will take longer for you to get back on your bike.’
      • ‘No staining in the retina or any other parts of the body was detected on sections.’
      • ‘The mother had an elective cesarean section in order to ensure proper management of the airway during delivery.’
      • ‘Once considered unthinkable, vaginal delivery after a previous caesarean section remains a safe option for many women.’
      • ‘On coronal sections, a mass measuring 4 cm in diameter was observed in the right frontal lobe white matter.’
    4. 3.4Biology A thin slice of plant or animal tissue prepared for microscopic examination.
      • ‘Immunohistochemical studies were performed using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of the cyst wall.’
      • ‘Serial transverse sections showed homogeneous pale red-brown parenchyma without discrete abnormality.’
      • ‘Sets of transverse, serial thin sections were prepared to document growth and increase in detail.’
      • ‘The animal from which the tissue sections are prepared is important.’
      • ‘At least three tissue sections from each of the 49 biopsy samples from the 15 patients considered were analyzed.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Divide into sections.

    ‘she began to section the grapefruit’
    • ‘The restrictions will apply when the pool is sectioned into lanes.’
    • ‘They've already sectioned the house into a rich and poor side, they've sent a contestant to South Africa, they've made the house ‘evil’.’
    • ‘I sectioned the long whiskey barrel staves with the chainsaw.’
    • ‘The only way to tell a dolphin's age for definite is by sectioning a tooth, said Mr Whooley.’
    • ‘The common room was a large circular room, with three-quarters of the walls being sectioned into small little box-shaped cubby holes where university students got their usual circulars, mail, etc. etc.’
    • ‘To prevent copying, DVDs are sectioned into blocks that are each encrypted using a content scrambling system.’
    • ‘Israeli forces had sectioned Gaza into three parts, closing off the coastal road in front of Netzarim to all traffic.’
    • ‘The space was simply sectioned with a seating area to one end and a bespoke stainless-steel kitchen to the other.’
    • ‘The brush is sectioned so that the bristles appear at regular intervals around the barrel.’
    • ‘I thought about sectioning it but in the end went for the long-list system which makes me look well read.’
    1. 1.1section something off Separate an area from a larger one.
      ‘parts of the curved balcony had been sectioned off with wrought-iron grilles’
      • ‘Isis could see that each area was sectioned off into little green or brown squares according to the owner's preference.’
      • ‘Full capacity is at 800 but the hall can be sectioned off for 300.’
      • ‘All over the image the terrain has been sectioned off.’
      • ‘You might also want to get some dust masks and plastic to section the room off from the rest of the house.’
      • ‘Small areas are sectioned off where people are sleeping on mattresses on pallets.’
      • ‘The gymnasium had one of those huge movable walls which they would use to section it off into smaller areas for classes.’
      • ‘Curtains separated the room into three, and one third was sectioned off and occupied.’
      • ‘Part of the castle is sectioned off for re-pointing to be carried out.’
      • ‘Some come with dividers that can section the crate off as the pup grows to its full size.’
      • ‘These areas have been sectioned off because they are unsafe!’
    2. 1.2Biology Cut (animal or plant tissue) into thin slices for microscopic examination.
      • ‘The cartilage was sectioned into 2-mm full-thickness slices.’
      • ‘Small specimens were sectioned in an epoxy resin matrix.’
      • ‘The paraffin-embedded specimen was serially sectioned until the full cross-sectional area of the specimen was believed to be exposed.’
      • ‘Eight roots were sectioned longitudinally and another eight roots were sectioned transversely.’
      • ‘The brain of each rat was sectioned in the coronals plane into 2 mm thickness pieces using a plastic model of the rat brain.’
      • ‘The specimen was serially sectioned and submitted entirely.’
    3. 1.3Surgery Divide by cutting.
      ‘it is common veterinary practice to section the nerves to the hoof of a limping horse’
      • ‘Because of their predominantly vertical orientation, the basilar segmental bronchi of the right lower lobe are routinely sectioned transversely on CT.’
      • ‘At autopsy, the heart was longitudinally sectioned through the left atrium and left ventricle.’
      • ‘The vastus medialis muscle, which completely surrounds the patella in the pig, was sectioned to expose the articular capsule.’
      • ‘If these foci are sectioned perfectly, diagnosis is not difficult because the parallel arrangement of the prongs is obvious.’
      • ‘On sectioning the liver, diffuse tan miliary lesions surrounded by dark red hemorrhagic tissue were seen.’
  • 2British Commit (someone) compulsorily to a psychiatric hospital in accordance with a section of a mental health act.

    ‘should she be sectioned?’
    • ‘He was taken from his home in Brentwood and sectioned under the mental health act.’
    • ‘She was sectioned to a mental hospital in Marrakesh.’
    • ‘In 2003, he was sectioned under the mental health act and diagnosed as suffering from manic depression.’
    • ‘It is therefore highly unlikely that he will be abstinent from alcohol unless he was sectioned and in a locked environment.’
    • ‘He was sectioned to Green Lane Hospital in 2002 although he escaped regularly and went home.’
    commit, certify, section, hospitalize, institutionalize
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Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun): from French section or Latin sectio(n-), from secare to cut The verb dates from the early 19th century.

Pronunciation:

section

/ˈsekSH(ə)n/