Definition of section in English:

section

noun

  • 1Any of the more or less distinct parts into which something is or may be divided or from which it is made up.

    ‘arrange orange sections on a platter’
    • ‘The supply network to Johannesburg consumers is to be divided into 40 sections, with one section being converted at a time.’
    • ‘It was basically a giant wedge divided into three sections front to back.’
    • ‘After lifting and dividing, replant sections from outside the clump and discard the old center.’
    • ‘If anything the park should be bigger, with separate novice and expert sections, seating for parents, toilets and a burger bar.’
    • ‘The collection is divided into four sections with each section arranged around a particular subject.’
    • ‘This tent was separated into two sections by a heavy partition.’
    • ‘After its eight-bar introduction, the movement divides into three distinct sections plus a coda.’
    • ‘Part down the middle, then divide hair into sections, front to back.’
    • ‘The menu is divided into two distinct sections but you can pick and choose accordingly.’
    • ‘Separate sections have been designed for younger children and toddlers.’
    • ‘The room has three separate sections with different temperatures.’
    • ‘They say that the buildings and structures enhance the look of the gardens and help to break them up into separate sections.’
    • ‘Where there is a non-smoking pub there should also be one that is smoking (or separated sections in the same pub.)’
    • ‘A team of 12 engineers and contractors spent six weeks using heavy cutting gear to separate the two sections.’
    • ‘Inside it was divided into two distinct sections.’
    • ‘This exhibition is divided into two sections, the first section involves 16 participants tutored by Bridget O'Hara.’
    • ‘There were arches in the room and some audience members were sitting in separate sections.’
    • ‘The film is divided into three distinct sections.’
    • ‘Use the crimping plates on small sections of the separated pieces down the length of your hair.’
    • ‘The descriptions of the varied habits of thomsonite presented below are divided into two sections based on cavity size.’
    segment, part, component, division, piece, portion, length, element, module, unit, constituent, bit, slice, fraction, fragment
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    1. 1.1A relatively distinct part of a book, newspaper, statute, or other document.
      • ‘The section titled Structural Integrity addresses the structural integrity of the computational approach.’
      • ‘The book's three sections cover ambiguity in three areas: news, measurement, and explanation.’
      • ‘She had taken all reasonable steps to take and act on advice as required by section 14A.’
      • ‘A separate section is devoted to the various types of fishing nets used by fishermen communities in the south.’
      • ‘Now, Justice Sully assumed that section 11A applied, did he not?’
      • ‘Timetables of express and passenger trains of all the four railway zones have been provided in separate sections.’
      • ‘The book is divided into three main sections covering background, methods, and applications.’
      • ‘Divided into five distinct sections, each portion emphasises different aspects of Shingon Buddhism.’
      • ‘It includes a full section devoted to the years 1937-1945.’
      • ‘Well, that must be right because those two sections apply in civil cases.’
      • ‘His report mentioned one section which dealt with the historical evolution of the village.’
      • ‘But the last section entitled " Balzac the observer " has universal relevance.’
      • ‘I mean, the odd thing is that Clinton devoted a large section of the book to his childhood.’
      • ‘Food Safety is separated into sections in the report.’
      • ‘It is divided into six sections, with each section containing six chapters, for a total of 36 chapters.’
      • ‘The profile information is presented individually town-by-town with a separate section devoted to our rural areas.’
      • ‘And I don't separate sections of posts with rows of asterisks, either.’
      • ‘But Review remains a separate section and it's all the better for it.’
      • ‘Like Stryk, he divided the book into sections and did not arrange the poems specifically by previous book titles.’
      • ‘Perhaps you could include a small section devoted to explaining the 100 most common acronyms.’
      • ‘You can click on separate sections for news and image searches - a fairly standard feature these days.’
    2. 1.2North American A measure of land, equal to one square mile.
      • ‘With the help of other concerned citizens, they eventually succeeded in gaining a permit to graze their flocks on 14 sections of Forest Service land.’
      • ‘Here they talk about acres, but in West Texas we measure land in sections.’
    3. 1.3North American A particular district of a town.
      • ‘In large cities, such as Kano or Katsina, Hausa live either in the old sections of town or in newer quarters built for civil servants.’
      • ‘When the vehicle passes through a Brazilian section of town, the text shifts to Portuguese.’
      • ‘I decided to walk through the Islamic section of town to Cairo's infamous bazaar and check it out for myself.’
      • ‘In the intervening three months, yet another airplane crashed, this time into a residential section of New York City.’
      • ‘We also learned that the Bohemian section of town was where young urbanites came to feel cool.’
      • ‘They rented a home by the Tar River, right between the black and white sections of town.’
  • 2A distinct group within a larger body of people or things.

    ‘the children's section of the library’
    • ‘The ecumenism was typical of the girl and of the city, or at least of certain sections within it.’
    • ‘The professional section of the bourgeoisie gradually lost its former autonomy and social distinction.’
    • ‘No section of society should be deprived of an education to the highest level.’
    • ‘We still represent a very large section of the population.’
    • ‘They accused some sections of that body of trying to frustrate the inquiry.’
    • ‘There exists within sections of the white electorate a deep cynicism towards the traditional political parties.’
    • ‘Last year Swinney, who has faced constant sniping about his leadership credentials from some sections within the party, faced down a challenge by Glasgow activist Bill Wilson.’
    • ‘Support for vouchers is growing within sections of the Democratic Party.’
    • ‘We recognize there is goodwill within certain sections of the government at a state level to tackle this problem.’
    • ‘Cruise has just launched some new jewellery sections within its stores, and there are some really interesting individual pieces.’
    • ‘The inmates are kept together in a dormitory kind of set up with separate sections for men and women.’
    • ‘There are sections within the government that are putting new and difficult demands for the GAM to fulfill.’
    • ‘Within sections of the armed forces too, a particular interpretation of religion was institutionalised.’
    • ‘Trimble, who said he felt euphoric after the result, vowed to try to persuade all sections of the party to support him.’
    • ‘In the children's section of department stores and in banks there are often toys to be found.’
    • ‘This was the line pursued at the time by the body politic and large sections of the media to justify a knee-jerk reaction and savage state repression.’
    • ‘This is much more about tensions within different sections of communities.’
    • ‘The government has already alienated a large section of the population through existing anti-terror legislation.’
    • ‘With that Steve walked over to the men's section of the store.’
    • ‘Tickets for a match must be sold in a way so that fans of rival teams occupy separate sections of a stadium.’
    department, part, division, branch, sector, wing, compartment
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    1. 2.1A group of players of a family of instruments within an orchestra.
      ‘the brass section’
      • ‘Add a rhythm section to your youthful band with our wood and skin Tambourine.’
      • ‘The brass quintet is a fun and whacky group made up of members of the Bournemouth Symphonic Orchestra brass section.’
      • ‘It would be idle to deny that all sections of British orchestras have become increasingly female over the past couple of decades.’
      • ‘Gabel cues with care but without ostentation, he addresses sections of the orchestra and he stays with them.’
      • ‘It is as if the string section of the orchestra suddenly decided to play its own music, disregarding everyone else.’
      • ‘The luxurious tunes are kept taut and alive, while all sections of the orchestra are on virtuoso form.’
      • ‘It features dialogues between piano and individual orchestra sections.’
      • ‘The brass section of an orchestra typically consists of trumpets, horns, trombones, and tubas.’
      • ‘The entire woodwind and brass sections were all off stage!’
      • ‘The cabaret was provided by the brass consort section of Shipston Town Band.’
      • ‘Add probably the best rhythm section in town right now and it's a fabulous, stirring noise.’
      • ‘Orchestral sections were moved from one position to another in a search for perfect sound relationships.’
      • ‘Today we find women in brass, percussion and woodwind sections, as well as the safe-havens of strings and harpdom.’
      • ‘At that time, women in London could only play in the wind sections of the BBC Symphony and the English Chamber Orchestras.’
      • ‘The body language of the orchestral string section was a bit of a give away.’
      • ‘My father believed there would be more openings for a violin player in an orchestra because the string section was bigger than any other.’
      • ‘Schubert was not one to underwork his string sections and the orchestra, playing flat out for sustained periods, was most impressive.’
      • ‘The only music to be heard was some of the brass section tuning up their instruments.’
      • ‘He often augmented the reed or brass sections ' ensemble choruses.’
      • ‘A platform is rigged toward the back of the stage rising over the winds and brass sections for the vocalists.’
    2. 2.2A small class of students who are part of a larger course but are taught separately.
      ‘graduate students lead discussion sections for professors' lecture courses’
      • ‘The average student in each section did not read much of the textbook.’
      • ‘Once I was taped teaching a section of an undergrad physics course at Berkeley.’
      • ‘Faculty members teaching multiple sections of one course had each section participate in the study.’
      • ‘Each section of the course accommodates between twelve and eighteen students.’
      • ‘I divided the class, each section to be led by one member of the faculty.’
    3. 2.3[in names]A specified military unit.
      ‘a camouflage section was added to the army’
      • ‘It is our tank sections and infantry squads that invariably make contact with hostile forces, not companies or battalions.’
      • ‘In Bosnia, IO staff sections were formed in units below brigade.’
      • ‘Its military, working dog section consists of a single dog and it doesn't even belong to the Air Force.’
      • ‘It has tested each of you as an individual and, more importantly, as part of a war fighting infantry section.’
      • ‘Basson is still working for South Africa in its military's medical section.’
    4. 2.4A subdivision of an army platoon.
      • ‘Due to the nature of current combat operations in Iraq, our primary mounted maneuver unit is the section.’
      • ‘A unit of action may vary from a nine-man infantry section through to a 3500-person brigade.’
      • ‘This latter cavalry regiment had sent one section still farther forward into Persia.’
      • ‘Soldiers will be trained to deploy as individuals, sections or units.’
      • ‘Military and DA civilian leaders have responsibility for what their sections, units, or organizations do or fail to do.’
    5. 2.5Biology
      A secondary taxonomic category, especially a subgenus.
      • ‘At the subgeneric level, the classification of Valeriana in subgenera and sections is difficult.’
      • ‘Halda treated section Stenogyne as a subgenus of Gentiana.’
      • ‘Each species is classified under a sub-genus, and a section.’
      • ‘According to Navarro, these taxa belong to six sections.’
      • ‘Several genera that are at times segregated from Atriplex have been variously treated as subgenera or sections, or simply placed in synonymy with Atriplex.’
  • 3The cutting of a solid by or along a plane.

    1. 3.1The shape resulting from cutting a solid along a plane.
    2. 3.2A representation of the internal structure of something as if it has been cut through vertically or horizontally.
      • ‘This technique involves mentally dividing the image in the viewfinder up into a grid of three horizontal and vertical sections.’
      • ‘The vector field represents a vertical section through a vortex ring.’
    3. 3.3Surgery
      A separation by cutting.
      • ‘Obviously, if you have to deliver via Caesarian section it will take longer for you to get back on your bike.’
      • ‘No staining in the retina or any other parts of the body was detected on sections.’
      • ‘On coronal sections, a mass measuring 4 cm in diameter was observed in the right frontal lobe white matter.’
      • ‘Once considered unthinkable, vaginal delivery after a previous caesarean section remains a safe option for many women.’
      • ‘The mother had an elective cesarean section in order to ensure proper management of the airway during delivery.’
    4. 3.4Biology
      A thin slice of plant or animal tissue prepared for microscopic examination.
      • ‘Serial transverse sections showed homogeneous pale red-brown parenchyma without discrete abnormality.’
      • ‘At least three tissue sections from each of the 49 biopsy samples from the 15 patients considered were analyzed.’
      • ‘The animal from which the tissue sections are prepared is important.’
      • ‘Sets of transverse, serial thin sections were prepared to document growth and increase in detail.’
      • ‘Immunohistochemical studies were performed using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of the cyst wall.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Divide into sections.

    ‘she began to section the grapefruit’
    • ‘Israeli forces had sectioned Gaza into three parts, closing off the coastal road in front of Netzarim to all traffic.’
    • ‘The space was simply sectioned with a seating area to one end and a bespoke stainless-steel kitchen to the other.’
    • ‘They've already sectioned the house into a rich and poor side, they've sent a contestant to South Africa, they've made the house ‘evil’.’
    • ‘The common room was a large circular room, with three-quarters of the walls being sectioned into small little box-shaped cubby holes where university students got their usual circulars, mail, etc. etc.’
    • ‘The brush is sectioned so that the bristles appear at regular intervals around the barrel.’
    • ‘I thought about sectioning it but in the end went for the long-list system which makes me look well read.’
    • ‘The restrictions will apply when the pool is sectioned into lanes.’
    • ‘To prevent copying, DVDs are sectioned into blocks that are each encrypted using a content scrambling system.’
    • ‘The only way to tell a dolphin's age for definite is by sectioning a tooth, said Mr Whooley.’
    • ‘I sectioned the long whiskey barrel staves with the chainsaw.’
    1. 1.1Separate an area from a larger one.
      ‘parts of the curved balcony had been sectioned off with wrought-iron grilles’
      • ‘These areas have been sectioned off because they are unsafe!’
      • ‘Isis could see that each area was sectioned off into little green or brown squares according to the owner's preference.’
      • ‘Some come with dividers that can section the crate off as the pup grows to its full size.’
      • ‘The gymnasium had one of those huge movable walls which they would use to section it off into smaller areas for classes.’
      • ‘All over the image the terrain has been sectioned off.’
      • ‘Part of the castle is sectioned off for re-pointing to be carried out.’
      • ‘Full capacity is at 800 but the hall can be sectioned off for 300.’
      • ‘Small areas are sectioned off where people are sleeping on mattresses on pallets.’
      • ‘You might also want to get some dust masks and plastic to section the room off from the rest of the house.’
      • ‘Curtains separated the room into three, and one third was sectioned off and occupied.’
    2. 1.2Biology
      Cut (animal or plant tissue) into thin slices for microscopic examination.
      • ‘The brain of each rat was sectioned in the coronals plane into 2 mm thickness pieces using a plastic model of the rat brain.’
      • ‘Small specimens were sectioned in an epoxy resin matrix.’
      • ‘Eight roots were sectioned longitudinally and another eight roots were sectioned transversely.’
      • ‘The cartilage was sectioned into 2-mm full-thickness slices.’
      • ‘The paraffin-embedded specimen was serially sectioned until the full cross-sectional area of the specimen was believed to be exposed.’
      • ‘The specimen was serially sectioned and submitted entirely.’
    3. 1.3Surgery
      Divide by cutting.
      ‘it is common veterinary practice to section the nerves to the hoof of a limping horse’
      • ‘On sectioning the liver, diffuse tan miliary lesions surrounded by dark red hemorrhagic tissue were seen.’
      • ‘The vastus medialis muscle, which completely surrounds the patella in the pig, was sectioned to expose the articular capsule.’
      • ‘At autopsy, the heart was longitudinally sectioned through the left atrium and left ventricle.’
      • ‘Because of their predominantly vertical orientation, the basilar segmental bronchi of the right lower lobe are routinely sectioned transversely on CT.’
      • ‘If these foci are sectioned perfectly, diagnosis is not difficult because the parallel arrangement of the prongs is obvious.’
  • 2British Commit (someone) compulsorily to a psychiatric hospital in accordance with a section of a mental health act.

    ‘should she be sectioned?’
    • ‘He was taken from his home in Brentwood and sectioned under the mental health act.’
    • ‘In 2003, he was sectioned under the mental health act and diagnosed as suffering from manic depression.’
    • ‘She was sectioned to a mental hospital in Marrakesh.’
    • ‘He was sectioned to Green Lane Hospital in 2002 although he escaped regularly and went home.’
    • ‘It is therefore highly unlikely that he will be abstinent from alcohol unless he was sectioned and in a locked environment.’
    commit, certify, section, hospitalize, institutionalize
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Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun): from French section or Latin sectio(n-), from secare to cut The verb dates from the early 19th century.

Pronunciation:

section

/ˈsekSH(ə)n/