Definition of scientific method in US English:

scientific method


  • A method of procedure that has characterized natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.

    • ‘For example, another key influence on the development of Pragmatism was the increasing importance at the turn of the last century of the scientific method.’
    • ‘Risk assessment has been stressed as the most scientific method of qualitating health risks and ethical issues.’
    • ‘And if so, could scientific methods be developed to measure this stress so that practices could be evaluated objectively rather than subjectively?’
    • ‘Considerable effort has been expended at the interface between clinical medicine and scientific methods to achieve the maximum validity and usefulness of diagnostic tests.’
    • ‘With this came a shift from proof by discussion or divine revelation to the scientific method, which dictates that theories must be supported by experiment.’
    • ‘In the mid-nineteenth century, in keeping with the developments of scientific methods, stress was placed on controlling the body, sexuality, and emotions.’
    • ‘Scientific experimenters looking for a little extra flexibility in the scientific method may find these approaches useful.’
    • ‘Cayley, who published his findings in 1809 and 1810, systemised research into aviation using scientific methods and the observation of bird flight.’
    • ‘Do you go so far then as to say that the need to apply recognised scientific methods of testing and experimentation to achieve the solution of the problem will ordinarily deny obviousness?’
    • ‘Anecdotal stories with no clear-cut relationship are insulting to the scientific method and to any scientists worth their salt.’
    • ‘Until we have a scientific method to define and measure good wound care, we must rely on traditional methods.’
    • ‘We attempted to put the concept of human influence upon the natural world to a controlled test using western scientific methods and statistical analysis.’
    • ‘But it is not the only scientific method, and sometimes it is not even the best scientific method.’
    • ‘Clearly, in this case, there are scientific methods available to test the validity of claims with which a restless population can be kept at bay.’
    • ‘In the 1850s he developed his scientific method of attribution, a method inspired by the comparative methodologies of the natural sciences.’
    • ‘More recently investigators have used scientific methods such as careful observation and hypothesis testing to propose several different theories to account for abnormal behaviour.’
    • ‘The new technology involves the use of new scientific methods in producing grasses with superior yield and quality characteristics.’
    • ‘Astronomers and geophysicists are now trying to use satellite images and other scientific methods to test their model of how the Earth works.’
    • ‘By questioning methods and outcomes, adolescents begin to intuitively use the scientific method.’
    • ‘Traditional scientific methods attempt to explore questions by means of experiments that provide reproducible results.’