Definition of Schmallenberg virus in US English:

Schmallenberg virus


  • An RNA virus causing birth defects and stillbirths in cattle, sheep, etc. in western Europe, first identified in 2011 and thought to be transmitted by midges.

    ‘the Schmallenberg virus was high on the agenda of a conference organized by the National Farmers Union today’
    • ‘According to the AHVLA, about 2,000 cases of Schmallenberg virus have been confirmed on farms in the UK.’
    • ‘No illness has been reported to date in humans exposed to animals infected with Schmallenberg virus.’
    • ‘A spokesman said: "We have developed a vaccine against the Schmallenberg virus which is being considered by the VMD."’
    • ‘The routes of Schmallenberg virus transmission have not yet been confirmed.’
    • ‘It said: "There is unlikely to be a risk to human health from Schmallenberg virus; but this is not yet certain."’
    • ‘Schmallenberg virus could be affecting adult animals far worse than previously thought, farmers and farm vets have warned.’
    • ‘Cows are thought to be more robust than sheep and therefore more resistant, but Schmallenberg virus could still reduce milk yields.’
    • ‘He encouraged sheep farmers to think about their systems, talk to their vets and carry out a risk assessment to decide whether vaccinating flocks against the Schmallenberg virus was cost-effective.’
    • ‘The Schmallenberg virus is transmitted to livestock by culicoides biting midges.’
    • ‘As lambing gets underway across Pembrokeshire, there is heightened concern that the deadly Schmallenberg virus (SBV) may infect flocks in the county for the first time.’


Named after the German town of Schmallenberg, where the first cases were identified.


Schmallenberg virus

/ˈSHmôlənbərɡ ˌvīrəs/