Definition of schism in English:



  • 1A split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties, caused by differences in opinion or belief.

    • ‘The move threatens to create a schism in the Church, pitting modernisers against traditionalists.’
    • ‘A further schism developed among those favoring the colony's existence.’
    • ‘Great schisms have developed on such issues as biotechnology, agriculture, services, and culture.’
    • ‘However, other controversies appear to reflect some of the deeper schisms within psychology itself.’
    • ‘Surely this must produce a deep schism in a sense between science and Buddhism from the very beginning?’
    • ‘However, the stress she places on their emergence because of, not in spite of, a schism in the cultural industry ignores their colonized positions.’
    • ‘His work deals with death, violence, the schism between society's ideals and behaviour - very metaphorical work.’
    • ‘Internal schism and instability led to Roman invasion and occupation.’
    • ‘A dangerous schism in the Russian party developed with the emergence of the view known as Economism.’
    • ‘Coalition leadership within a single military organization easily can create schisms with the potential to tear a unit apart.’
    • ‘Obliged to adopt the remuneration norms from the West, the Churches abandoned in part their tradition of equality, and a new schism entered into ecclesiastical society between the rich and the less well off.’
    • ‘Or the emotional schism caused by choosing between two parents?’
    • ‘Held under these conditions, the elections could only be expected to deepen such schisms.’
    • ‘The debate was described by some as a generational schism within the profession.’
    • ‘He entered federal parliament in 1928 and was defeated at the end of 1931 as the Australian Labor Party succumbed in NSW to a schism between the federal party and the supporters of J. T. Lang.’
    • ‘For him to spurn the former first lady would be to cause a schism in the party.’
    • ‘The author outlines both the commonalities that define science fiction fandom and the tensions and schisms within the community, focusing on participants in organized clubs, amateur publications, and conventions.’
    • ‘Although he survived the motion, it caused a schism in the government and among coalition partners.’
    • ‘The group makes psychedelic music born of cabin fever rather than hallucinogenics, and in their solitude, they have crafted an album that fits snugly within the temporal schism dividing many of us.’
    • ‘Well, I'm afraid there's also a schism within the residential practice itself - between the custom architect and the production architect.’
    division, split, rift, breach, rupture, break, separation, severance, estrangement, alienation, detachment
    chasm, gulf
    discord, disagreement, dissension, disunion
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    1. 1.1The formal separation of a church into two churches or the secession of a group owing to doctrinal and other differences.
      See also great schism
      • ‘And while successive popes soon fell into the era of the papal schism, and then into the Reformation and the fracturing of the western Church, the claims of Benedict were long maintained in somewhat more subtle and nuanced forms.’
      • ‘At the parish level, the fear of schism ensured that the church remained a militant one, committed to the policies of Catholic reform first promulgated by the council of Trent.’
      • ‘The church would even suffer its first schism and be reduced from seventy-eight to sixty-six members.’
      • ‘Since that time, with the exception of brief intervals, the Bulgarian Church has persisted in schism.’
      • ‘He also shows that it was prey to numerous schisms and heresies.’
      • ‘Europe was suffering under the Black Death, and the papal schism had brought political and theological upheaval.’
      • ‘There was never a time when these schisms did not exist.’
      • ‘The centralization of the Catholic Church following the schisms of the 14th century changed how builders and patrons approached the construction and layout of churches, monasteries, and chapels.’
      • ‘It is only in recent years that the dialogue between the two Churches to heal the schism has been effectively re-opened.’
      • ‘Over the centuries, schisms occurred in which the seceders switched allegiance to Rome, forming the Uniate churches.’
      • ‘Several decades later, there was a great schism in the catholic church.’
      • ‘Such controversy, he told The Advocate, is no longer likely to lead to a church schism.’
      • ‘In the past, the Episcopal Church's loose theology has allowed liberal and conservative parishioners, priests, and bishops to avoid major schisms.’
      • ‘But the vote will drive many from the church and risks schism.’
      • ‘The differences in theology and attitude to social concerns were major factors in the schisms in 1932 and 1947, and the hemorrhage of members and funding has occurred ever since.’
      • ‘The assertion of Europe as a secular entity by the end of the seventeenth century helped to reduce the importance of serious schisms in Christendom.’
      withdrawal, break, breakaway, separation, severance, apostasy, leaving, quitting, split, splitting, disaffiliation, resignation, pulling out, dropping out, desertion, defection
      View synonyms


Late Middle English: from Old French scisme, via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek skhisma cleft from skhizein to split.